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Hemiphyllodactylus aurantiacus (BEDDOME, 1870)

IUCN Red List - Hemiphyllodactylus aurantiacus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Sauria (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSouthern Ghats slender gecko 
SynonymHemidactylus aurantiacus BEDDOME 1870: 33
Hemidactylus aurantiacus — STOLICZKA 1872
Lepidodactylus aurantiacus — BOULENGER 1885: 164
Hemiphyllodactylus aurantiacus — STEJNEGER 1899
Hemiphyllodactylus typus aurantiacus — SMITH 1935
Hemiphyllodactylus aurantiacus — BAUER & DAS 1999
Hemiphyllodactylus aurantiacus — ZUG 2010 
DistributionS India (Anamallays = Anailmalais, Western Ghats, Bangalore, Kolli Hills, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh)

Type locality: “Shevaroys, under stones about Yercaud and elsewhere, at an elevation of 4,000 feet”. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 10233, BMNH 74.4.29.1332–1337
lectotype: BMNH 74.4.29.1333 
CommentMajor diagnostic features: bisexual taxon; pigmented caecum and gonadal ducts; in adult males femoral pore series separated from precloacal pore series (TotPore typically ␣20-␣25), always absent in females; chin scales bordering mental and first infralabial not greatly enlarged; digital lamellae formulae 2-2-2-2 (fore- foot) and 2-2-3-2 or 2-2-3-3 (hindfoot); average adult SVL ~33–35 mm; bold body pattern of contrasting dark brown and dusky brown background and dorsal postsacral double bar of dark brown and light orange (ZUG 2010).

Distribution: ZUG (2010) believes that its occurrence in Banglore is edificarian and appears to represent a recent accidental transport.

Behavior: nocturnal 
EtymologyBeddome offered no explanation for his choice of aurantiacus as the epithet for his new species. He did mention the orange color of the tail base, and because aurantium is a new Latin noun for the orange (fruit), ZUG (2010) suggested his choice derived from the association between the color of the orange and the gecko’s tail. 
References
  • Bauer,A.M. & Das,I. 1999. The systematic status of the endemic south Indian gecko Hemidactylus aurantiacus (BEDDOME 1870). J. South Asian Nat. Hist. 4 (2): 213-218
  • Beddome,R.H. 1870. Descriptions of some new lizards from the Madras Presidency. Madras Monthly J. Med. Sci. 1: 30-35
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Chettri, Basundhara & S. Bhupathy 2010. Three little known reptile species from the Araku Valley, Eastern Ghats with notes on their distribution. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (8): 1109-1113 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; PERRY L. WOOD Jr, SHAHRUL ANUAR, MOHD ABDUL MUIN, EVAN S. H. QUAH, JIMMY A. MCGUIRE 2013. Integrative taxonomy uncovers high levels of cryptic species diversity in Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker, 1860 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) and the description of a new species from Peninsular Malaysia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 169: 849–880
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • TRI, NGO VAN; L. LEE GRISMER, PHAM HONG THAI & P. L. WOOD, JR. 2014. A new species of Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker, 1860 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Ba Na–Nui Chua Nature Reserve, Central Vietnam. Zootaxa 3760 (4): 539–552 - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Zug, G. R. 2010. Speciation and Dispersal in a Low Diversity Taxon: The Slender Geckos Hemiphyllodactylus (Reptilia, Gekkonidae). Smithsonian contributions to zoology (631): 1-70 - get paper here
 
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