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Hemiphyllodactylus harterti (WERNER, 1900)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBintang slender gecko, Hartert’s slender gecko 
SynonymLepidodactylus harterti WERNER 1900: 196
Gehyra larutensis BOULENGER 1900:188 (part.)
Hemiphyllodactylus harterti — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 128
Hemiphyllodactylus harterti — RÖSLER 2000: 88
Hemiphyllodactylus harterti — DAS & YAAKOB 2007
Hemiphyllodactylus harterti — GRISMER et al. 2010
Hemiphyllodactylus harterti — ZUG 2010 
DistributionW Malaysia (Larut Hills and Gunong Inas, Perak) (fide CHAN-ARD et al. 1999, ZUG 2010)

Type locality: “Malakka” (Malaysia), restricted to “Gunong Inas” (Perak, Malaysia) by BOULENGER 1912: 48.  
Reproductionbisexual. 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 15360 
CommentSynonymy: H. harterti has been previously synonymized with Hemiphyllodactylus larutensis but revalidated by ZUG (2010) and other authors. The two species have often been confused in the literature (see GRISMER et al. 2013 for a discussion).

Major diagnostic features: bisexual taxon; caecum and (likely) gonadal ducts not pigmented; precloacal–femoral pore series continuous; chin scales bordering mental and first infralabial distinctly enlarged; digital lamellae formulae 3-3-3-3 (forefoot) and 3-3-4-3 (hindfoot); adult SVL < 40 mm; dorsum of head and trunk either nearly uniform tan or with narrow dark dorsolat- eral stripes and contrasting with lighter tail, outer edge of postsacral mark continuous with caudal color (ZUG 2010).

Male H. larutensis have 2–36 femoroprecloacal pores and two or three cloacal spurs whereas male H. harterti have 44 or 45 femoroprecloacal pores and a single cloacal spur. See Table 5 in GRISMER et al. 2013 for a comparison of H. larutensis and H. harterti.

Behavior: nocturnal

Distribution: see map in Grismer et al. 2015 (Fig. 1C). 
EtymologyWerner (1900) noted that a single specimen (holotype) of this gecko was collected in Malakka by a Mr. Hartert and deposited in the Berlin collection. Presumably, the Hartert referred to by Werner is Ernest Johann Otto Hartert, an ornithologist who served as the bird curator in L. W. Rothschild’s private museum at Tring, UK, between 1892 and 1929. Prior to his employment at Tring, Hartert visited Asia and elsewhere and collected birds, insects, and other animals. He reported his research travels in a popular book, Aus den Wanderjahren eines Naturforschers (Hartert, 1901–1902) (from ZUG 2010). 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1912. A vertebrate fauna of the Malay Peninsula from the Isthmus of Kra to Singapore incl. the adjacent islands. Reptilia and Amphibia. London (Taylor & Francis), xiii + 298 S. - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • COBOS, ANTHONY; L. LEE GRISMER, PERRY L. WOOD, JR., EVAN S. H. QUAH, SHAHRUL ANUAR, MOHD ABDUL MUIN 2016. Phylogenetic relationships of geckos of the Hemiphyllodactylus harterti group, a new species from Penang Island, Peninsular Malaysia, and a likely case of true cryptic speciation Zootaxa 4107 (3): 367-380 - get paper here
  • Das, I. & Yaakob, N. 2007. Status of knowledge of the Malaysian herpetofauna. In Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. in: L. S. L. Chua, L. G. Kirton & L. G. Saw (eds.), Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kepong, pp. 31-81
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; AWAL RIYANTO, DJOKO T. ISKANDAR & JIMMY A. MCGUIRE 2014. A new species of Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker, 1860 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Pulau Enggano, southwestern Sumatra, Indonesia. Zootaxa 3821 (4): 485–495
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Chan K. Onn, Jesse L. Grismer, Perry L. Wood, Jr., and A. Norhayati 2010. A CHECKLIST OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE BANJARAN BINTANG, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (2): 147-160 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Perry L. Wood Jr, Shahrul Anuar, Evan S. H. Quah, Mohd Abdul Muin, Chan Kin Onn, Alexandra X. Sumarli and Ariel I. Loredo 1860. Repeated evolution of sympatric, palaeoendemic species in closely related, co-distributed lineages of Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker, 1860 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) across a sky-island archipelago in Peninsular Malaysia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 174 (4): 859–876; DOI: 10.1111/zoj.12254 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; PERRY L. WOOD Jr, SHAHRUL ANUAR, MOHD ABDUL MUIN, EVAN S. H. QUAH, JIMMY A. MCGUIRE,, RAFE M. BROWN,0, NGO VAN TRI and PHAM HONG THAI 2013. Integrative taxonomy uncovers high levels of cryptic species diversity in Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker, 1860 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) and the description of a new species from Peninsular Malaysia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 169: 849–880
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and their adjacent archipelagos. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 728 pp. [review in Herp. Rev. 43: 155] - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • TRI, NGO VAN; L. LEE GRISMER, PHAM HONG THAI & P. L. WOOD, JR. 2014. A new species of Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker, 1860 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Ba Na–Nui Chua Nature Reserve, Central Vietnam. Zootaxa 3760 (4): 539–552 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1900. Beschreibung einiger noch unbekannter neotropischer und indischer Reptilien. Zool. Anz. 23: 196-198 - get paper here
  • Zug, G. R. 2010. Speciation and Dispersal in a Low Diversity Taxon: The Slender Geckos Hemiphyllodactylus (Reptilia, Gekkonidae). Smithsonian contributions to zoology (631): 1-70 - get paper here
 
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