Hemiphyllodactylus pinlaungensis GRISMER, WOOD, QUAH, THURA, OAKS & LIN, 2020
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|Higher Taxa||Gekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)|
|Common Names||E: Pinlaung Slender Gecko|
|Synonym||Hemiphyllodactylus pinlaungensis GRISMER, WOOD, QUAH, THURA, OAKS & LIN 2020|
Type locality: Pinlaung City, Shan State, Myanmar (20.12869°N 96.78464°E WGS; 1498 m elevation.
|Types||Holotype: LSUHC 14274, Adult male, collected on 12 November 2018 at 1900 hrs by Jamie R. Oaks, L. Lee Grismer, Perry L. Wood Jr., Myint Kyaw Thura, Evan S. H. Quah, and Aung Lin.|
Paratypes. Paratypes (LSUHC 14257, 14259–73, 14275–77) bear the same collection data as the holotype.
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis. Hemiphyllodactylus pinlaungensis sp. nov. can be separated from all other species of Hemiphyllo- dactylus by possessing the unique combination of having a maximum SVL of 43.0 mm; 9–14 chin scales; enlarged postmentals; five or six circumnasal scales; 2–5 intersupranasals (=postrostrals); 7–10 supralabials; 8–11 infralabials; 12–19 longitudinally arranged dorsal scales at midbody contained within one eye diameter and 7–12 ventral scales; 17–24 pore-bearing femoroprecloacal scales in males; three or four subdigital lamellae on first finger and first toe; no plate-like subcaudal scales; adult females not yellow; a dark postorbital stripe extending to at least base of neck; dorsolateral light-colored spots on trunk variable; no dark, dorsolateral stripe on trunk; dark ventrolateral stripe on trunk; dark paravertebral markings on trunk; light-colored postsacral marking bearing anteriorly projecting arms; and caecum and gonads unpigmented. These characters are scored across all Burmese species in Tables 3 and 6 and from all other species of Hemiphyllodactylus from southern China and western Thailand (clades 3 and 4 in Grismer et al. (2017:Table 3)).|
Comparisons. The molecular analyses indicate that Hemiphyllodactylus pinlaungensis sp. nov. is a genetically distinct member of the south lineage and is the sister species to H. kyaiktiyoensis sp. nov. (Fig. 1) from which it bears an uncorrected pairwise sequence divergence of 9.5% (Table 10). Its differences from H. kyaiktiyoensis sp. nov. and H. zwegabinensis sp. nov. are listed in the comparisons sections for those species.
|Etymology||The specific epithet is a toponym referring to the type locality of Pinlaung City, Shan State, Myanmar.|
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