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Herpetoreas platyceps (BLYTH, 1854)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Himalayan Keelback
G: Asiatische Gebirgswassernatter 
SynonymTropidonotus platyceps BLYTH 1854: 297 (part.)
Zamenis himalayanus STEINDACHNER 1867: 513
Tropidonotus platyceps — ANDERSON 1871: 176
Tropidonotus himalayanus — ANDERSON 1871: 178
Tropidonotus platyceps — HUBRECHT 1882: 142
Tropidonotus platyceps — BOULENGER 1893: 248
Tropidonotus platyceps — CARDEW 1896: 592
Tropidonotus firthi WALL 1914: 166
Rhabdophis platyceps — WALL 1923: 604
Rhabdophis firthi — WALL 1923: 606
Natrix platyceps — SHAW et al. 1939: 118
Natrix platyceps — SMITH 1943: 305
Amphiesma platyceps MALNATE 1960
Amphiesma platyceps — DAS 1996: 53
Natrix firthi — SHAW et al. 2000: 30
Amphiesma platyceps — SCHLEICH et al. 2002: 85
Herpetoreas platyceps — GUO et al. 2014
Amphiesma platyceps — WALLACH et al. 2014: 32 
DistributionIndia (Kashmir, Sikkim, Punjab, Assam, Darjeeling, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh), Nepal (1040 up to 3657 m elevation),
Bangladesh, Pakistan, Bhutan, China (Xizang = Tibet)

Type locality: Restricted to “Darjiling” by MALNATE (1966).  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZSI 7482 
CommentMildly venomous

Synonymy: A. sieboldii has been synonymized with A. platyceps but MALNATE (1966) removed the former from its synonymy. Has been confused with A. parallela. Reports from Myanmar (= Burma) have not been confirmed (see also TILLACK 2003). 
References
  • Anderson, J. 1871. On some Indian reptiles. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1871: 149-211 - get paper here
  • Bauer A M; Gunther R 1992. A preliminary report on the reptile fauna of the Kingdom of Bhutan with the description of a new species of scincid lizard (Reptilia: Scincidae). Asiatic Herpetological Research 4: 23-36 - get paper here
  • Blyth, EDWARD. 1855. Notices and descriptions of various reptiles, new or little known [part 2]. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 23 (3): 287-302 [1854] - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A., Annandale, N., Wall, F. & Regan, C.T. 1907. Reports on a collection of batrachia, reptiles and fish from Nepal and the western Himalayas. Lacertilia. Records of the Indian Museum 1:149—155 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Cardew, A.G. 1896. A rough key to the identification of Indian ophidia. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 10: 585-596 - get paper here
  • David, P.; Vogel, G. & Pauwels, O.S.G. 2005. On the occurrence of Amphiesma bitaeniatum (WALL, 1925) in Vietnam, with preliminary remarks on the group of Amphiesma parallelum (BOULENGER, 1890) (Serpentes, Colubridae, Natriciniae). Salamandra 41 (4): 167-178 - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK; ISHAN AGARWAL, RAMANA ATHREYA, ROSAMMA MATHEW,<br />GERNOT VOGEL & VIRAL K. MISTRY 2015. Revalidation of Natrix clerki Wall, 1925, an overlooked species in the genus Amphiesma Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854 (Squamata: Natricidae). Zootaxa 3919 (2): 375–395
  • GUO, PENG; FEI ZHU, QIN LIU, LIANG ZHANG, JIAN X. LI, YU Y. HUANG & R. ALEXANDER PYRON 2014. A taxonomic revision of the Asian keelback snakes, genus Amphiesma (Serpentes: Colubridae: Natricinae), with description of a new species. Zootaxa 3873 (4): 425–440 - get paper here
  • Hubrecht, A.A.W. 1882. List of reptiles and amphibians brought from British india by Mr. Francis Day. Notes from the Leyden Museum 4: 138-144 - get paper here
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Kramer, E. 1977. Zur Schlangenfauna Nepals. Rev. suisse Zool., 84 (3): 721-761. - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Malnate, E. V. 1966. Amphiesma platyceps (BLYTH) and Amphiesma sieboldii (GÜNTHER): sibling species (Reptilia: Serpentes). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 63 (1): 1-17 - get paper here
  • Nanhoe, L.M.R., & Ouboter, P.E. 1987. The distribution of reptiles and amphibians in the Annapurna-Dhaulagiri region (Nepal). Zoologische Verhandelingen (240): 1-105 - get paper here
  • Rais, Muhammad; Ayesha Akram, Syeda Maria Ali, Muhammad Arslan Asadi, Misbah Jahangir, Muhammad Jawad Jilani, <br />and Maqsood Anwar 2015. Qualitative Analysis of Factors Influencing the Diversity and Spatial Distribution of Herpetofauna in Chakwal Tehsil (Chakwal District), Punjab, Pakistan. Herp. Cons. Biol. 10 (3) - get paper here
  • Saikia, U.; Sharma, D.K. & Sharma, R.M. 2007. Checklist of the Reptilian fauna of Himachal Pradesh, India. Reptile Rap (8): 6-9 - get paper here
  • Schleich, H.H. & Kästle, W. 2002. Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. Koeltz, Königstein, 1200 pp. [review in Reptilia 40: 87]
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Shaw, G.E.; Shebbeare, E.O. & Barker, P.E. 1939. The snakes of northern Bengal and Sikkim, Part 4. The colubrine snakes. J. Darjeeling Nat. Hist. Soc. 13: 114-123
  • Shaw, G.E.; Shebbeare, E.O. & Barker, P.E. 2000. The snakes of Sikkim and Bengal [reprint]. Asiatic Publ. House (Delhi), 125 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Steindachner,F. 1867. Ueber drei neue Schlangenarten [Calamaria philippinica]. Verh. zool.-botan. Ges. Wien 17: 513-516
  • Stoliczka, F. 1870. Observations on some Indian and Malayan Amphibia and Reptilia. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 39: 134-228. - get paper here
  • Tillack, F. 2003. Über die Verbreitung und Biologie der Himalaya-Gebirgswassernatter Amphiesma platyceps (BLYTH 1854) und einen Fall von Amphigonia retardata (Serpentes: Colubridae: Natricinae). Sauria 25 (1): 21-27 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1913. A new snake of the genus Tropidonotus from the Eastern Himalayas. Tropidonotus Firthi, spec. nov. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 23: 167 - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1923. A Hand-list of the Snakes of the Indian Empire. Part 2. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 29: 598-632 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Ziegler, T., and Quyet, L.K. 2006. A new natricine snake of the genus Amphiesma (Squamata: Colubridae: Natricinae) from the central Truong Son, Vietnam. Zootaxa 1225:39-56 - get paper here
 
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