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Herpetoreas xenura (WALL, 1907)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Wall's Keelback 
SynonymTropidonotus xenura WALL 1907: 616
Natrix xenurus — WALL 1923
Natrix xenura — SMITH 1943: 292
Paranatrix xenura — MAHENDRA 1984
Amphiesma xenura — DAS 1996: 54
Amphiesma xenura — DAVID et al. 2007
Hebius xenura — GUO et al. 2014
Amphiesma xenura — WALLACH et al. 2014: 35
Herpetoreas xenura — LALRONUNGA et al. 2020
Herpetoreas xenura — LALREMSANGA et al. 2022 
DistributionIndia (Assam, Mizoram)

Type locality: Cherrapunji, Khasi Hills, Assam.  
TypesType: BNHS = BNHM (Collection of the Bombay Natural History Society) 
CommentThe original description did not have a type locality, but WALL 1909 found additional specimens from Khasi Hills, henceforth assumed to be the type locality.

Similar species: Amphiesma modestum. 
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • David, P., Bain, R. H., Nguyen Quang Truong, Orlov, N. L., Vogel, G., Vu Ngoc Thanh & T. Ziegler 2007. A new species of the natricine snake genus Amphiesma from the Indochinese Region (Squamata: Colubridae: Natricinae). Zootaxa 1462: 41-60 - get paper here
  • GUO, PENG; FEI ZHU, QIN LIU, LIANG ZHANG, JIAN X. LI, YU Y. HUANG & R. ALEXANDER PYRON 2014. A taxonomic revision of the Asian keelback snakes, genus Amphiesma (Serpentes: Colubridae: Natricinae), with description of a new species. Zootaxa 3873 (4): 425–440 - get paper here
  • Lalremsanga, H. T., Bal, A. K., Vogel, G., & Biakzuala, L. 2022. Molecular phylogenetic analyses of lesser known colubrid snakes reveal a new species of Herpetoreas (Squamata: Colubridae: Natricinae), and new insights into the systematics of Gongylosoma scriptum and its allies from northeastern India. SALAMANDRA, 58(2): 101-115 - get paper here
  • Lalremsanga, H.T.; Saipari Sailo and Chinliansiama 2011. Diversity of Snakes (Reptilia: Squamata) and Role of Environmental Factors in Their Distribution in Mizoram, Northeast India. Advances in Environmental Chemistry - get paper here
  • LALRONUNGA, SAMUEL; C. LALRINCHHANA, VANRAMLIANA VANRAMLIANA, ABHIJIT DAS, DAVID J. GOWER, V. DEEPAK 2020. A multilocus molecular perspective on the systematics of the poorly known Northeast Indian colubrid snakes Blythia reticulata (Blyth, 1854), B. hmuifang Vogel, Lalremsanga & Vanlalhrima, 2017, and Hebius xenura (Wall, 1907). Zootaxa 4768 (2): 193–200 - get paper here
  • Mahendra B C 1984. Handbook of the snakes of India, Ceylon, Burma, Bangladesh and Pakistan. ANNALS OF ZOOLOGY (AGRA) 22 (B): i-xvi, 1-412
  • Malsawmdawngliana, B. Boruah, N.G. Patel, S. Lalronunga, I. Zosangliana, K. Lalhmangaiha & A. Das 2022. An updated checklist of reptiles from Dampa Tiger Reserve, Mizoram, India, with sixteen new distribution records. Journal of Threatened Taxa 14(10): 21946–21960 - get paper here
  • MALSAWMDAWNGLIANA; ZODINSANGA & LALMUANPUIA. 2021. HERPETOREAS XENURA (Wall’s Keelback). DIET and SCAVENGING. Herpetological Review 52 (3): 667. - get paper here
  • Muansanga, Lal; L.H. Laltlanhlui, Lal Biakzuala, Yash Singh Rathee, Hmar Tlawmte Lalremsanga 2021. Observations of feeding behavior and a note on clutch size in Wall’s Keelback, Herpetoreas xenura (Wall 1907) (Squamata: Natricidae). Reptiles & Amphibians 28 (1): 82-83 - get paper here
  • Purkayastha J. 2013. An Amateur’s Guide to Reptiles of Assam. EBH Publishers (India) - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wall,F. 1907. Some new Asian snakes. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 612-618 - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1909. Remarks on some little known Indian Ophidia. Records of the Indian Museum 3 (2): 145-150. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Whitaker, Romulus and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp., reprinted 2007 - get paper here
  • Ziegler, T., and Quyet, L.K. 2006. A new natricine snake of the genus Amphiesma (Squamata: Colubridae: Natricinae) from the central Truong Son, Vietnam. Zootaxa 1225: 39-56 - get paper here
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