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Heterodon simus (LINNAEUS, 1766)

IUCN Red List - Heterodon simus - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaDipsadidae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Southern Hognose Snake
G: Südliche Hakennasennatter 
SynonymColuber simus LINNAEUS 1766: 375
Heterodon simus — HOLBROOK 1842: 57
Heterodon simus — BAIRD & GIRARD 1853: 59
Heterodon simus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 176
Heterodon simus — CROTHER 2000: 62
Heterodon simus — KUNZ 2010 
DistributionUSA (S Mississippi, S Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, SE North Carolina, Virginia)

Type locality: Carolina Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesTypes: BMNH 1946.1.4.43-44 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentSize: max 61 cm

Diet: primarily frogs and toads, but also other vertebrates 
References
  • Allen, Morrow J. 1932. A survey of the Amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi. American Museum Novitates (542): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Baird, S. F. and C. Girard. 1853. Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part 1.-Serpents. Smithsonian Inst., Washington, xvi + 172 pp.
  • Beane, Jeffrey C.; Sean P. Graham, Thomas J. Thorp, and L. Todd Pusser 2014. Natural History of the Southern Hognose Snake (Heterodon simus) in North Carolina, USA. Copeia 2014 (1): 168–175 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Edgren, A. 1953. On the identity of the snake Coluber simus Linnaeus. Copeia 1953 (1): 64-65 - get paper here
  • Enge, Kevin M. 2009. Venomous and non-venomous snakes of Florida. Publication of the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission. 16 pp.
  • Ernst, C.H., & Barbour, R.W. 1989. Snakes of eastern North America. George Mason Univ. Press, Fairfax, VA 282 pp.
  • Kühn, Joseph 2012. Wohnst du noch, oder lebst du schon? Das IKEA-Schlangenrack. Draco 12 (48): 72-76
  • Kunz, K. 2010. Hooked on Hogs! Süchtig nach Hakennasennattern. Reptilia (Münster) 15 (81): 16-22 - get paper here
  • Kunz, K. 2012. Kleine Tiere, kleine Terarrien, großer Anspruch: Nano-Terraristik!. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (97): 22-31 - get paper here
  • Kunz, K. & Nickel, N. 2010. Klein aber oho! Die Südliche Hakennasennatter. Reptilia (Münster) 15 (81): 37-40 - get paper here
  • Linné, C. von [= Linnaeus, C.] 1766. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio duodecima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm, Holmiae. 1-532 pp. - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • Meylan P A 1985. Heterodon simus (Linnaeus). Southern hognose snake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 375: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Platt D R 1983. Heterodon Latreille. Hognose snakes. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 315: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Snyder, Richard C. 1945. Notes on the snakes of southeastern Alabama. Copeia 1945 (3): 173-174 - get paper here
  • Stevenson, Dirk J. 1999. Geographic distribution. Heterodon simus. Herpetological Review 30 (1): 54 - get paper here
  • Tennant, A. & Bartlett, R.D. 2000. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions. Gulf Publishing, Houston, TX, 588 pp.
 
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