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Heteronotia binoei (GRAY, 1845)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Common NamesPrickly Gecko, Bynoe's Gecko 
SynonymHeteronota Binoei GRAY 1845
Eublepharis Derbianus GRAY 1845
Gymnodactylus Binoei - DUMÉRIL 1856
Phyllodactylus anomalus PETERS 1867: 14
Hoplodactylus (Pentadactylus) australis STEINDACHNER 1867
Pentadactylus australis - GRAY 1867
Diplodactylus anomalus - SCHMELTZ 1869
Heteronota binoei - GÜNTHER 1875
Discodactylus anomalus - SCHMELTZ 1877
Diplodactylus annulatus MACLEAY 1877: 97
Heteronota binoei — BOULENGER 1885: 74
Heteronota derbiana - BOULENGER 1885: 75
Diplodactylus annulatus — BOULENGER 1885: 97
Heteronota Derbyana - STRAUCH 1887
Heteronota bynoei LUCAS & FROST 1896
Heteronotia binoei — STERNFELD 1925: 229
Heteronotia binoei - WORRELL 1963
Heteronotia anomalus — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984
Heteronotia annulata - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Heteronotia anomala - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Heteronotia derbiana - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Heteronotia horneri WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 13
Heteronotia wadei WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 13
Heteronotia binoei — RÖSLER 1995: 126
Heteronotia binoei — COGGER 2000: 247
Heteronotia binoei — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, North Territory, Queensland,
South Australia, Victoria, West Australia)

Type locality: “Rockhampton in Ostaustralien” [Queensland] [Phyllodactylus anomalus PETERS 1867]. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
ReproductionThis "species" is (at least partly) parthenogenetic. 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 5718 [Phyllodactylus anomalus PETERS 1867] 
CommentDistribution: Does not occur in the more humid regions of SW-West Australia and S-Victoria and adjacent South Australia and New South Wales.

Type species: Heteronota Binoei GRAY 1845 is the type species of the genus Heteronotia WERMUTH 1965 (nomen novum pro Heteronota GRAY non Heteronota GERMAR 1835 = nomen substitutum pro Heteronotus LAPORTE-CASTELNAU 1832 [Rhynchota] non Heteronota MEYRICK 1902 [Lepidoptera]).

Diagnosis (genus). A genus of moderately small (~50 mm SVL), slender gekkonine lizards with small narrow head and long slender tail tapering to a point; rostral and mental shields rounded; labials much larger than neighboring scales, 4 enlarged postmentals, digits long and slender, with claw between three enlarged scales; no enlarged apical lamellae, single row of enlarged transverse lamellae beneath digits; precloacal pores present in males, cloacal spurs not greatly enlarged. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Fujita, M.K. & C. Moritz 2009. Origin and Evolution of Parthenogenetic Genomes in Lizards: Current State and Future Directions. Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 261-272
  • Fujita, Matthew K.;Jeffrey L. Boore, and Craig Moritz 2007. Multiple Origins and Rapid Evolution of Duplicated Mitochondrial Genes in Parthenogenetic Geckos (Heteronotia binoei; Squamata, Gekkonidae). Mol Biol Evol 24: 2775-2786.
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Greenbaum, E. 2000. Herpetofaunal observations in disparate habitats in south Sustralia, New South Wales, and queensland, Australia. Herpetological Bulletin (72): 6-16 - get paper here
  • Kay, G.M.; D. Michael; M. Crane; S. Okada; C. MacGregor; D. Florance; D. Trengove; L. McBurney; D. Blair; D.B. Lindenmayer. 2013. A list of reptiles and amphibians from Box Gum Grassy Woodlands in south-eastern Australia. Check List 9 (3):476-481 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1924. Reptiles and batrachians from south and south-west Australia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 14 (3): 163-183 - get paper here
  • Macleay, W. 1877. The lizards of the Chevert Expedition. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 2: 60-69; 97-104 - get paper here
  • Maryan, B. 2009. NATIVE GECKO INTRODUCTIONS. Herpetofauna 39 (2): 94-95
  • Moritz, C. 1983. Parthenogenesis in the endemic Australian lizard Heteronotia binoei (Gekkonidae). Science 220: 735-737
  • Moritz, Craig 1991. Evolutionary dynamics of mitochondrial DNA duplications in parthenogenetic geckos, Heteronotia binoei. Genetics 129: 221-230
  • Moritz, Craig 1991. The origin and evolution of parthenogenesis in Heteronotia binoei (Gekkonidae): Evidence for recent and localized orgins of widespread clones. Genetics 129: 211-219
  • Moritz, Craig;Heideman, Anita 1993. The orgin and evolution of parthenogenesis in Heteronotia binoei (Gekkonidae): reciprocal origins and diverse mitochondrial DNA in western populations. Systematic Biology 42 (3): 293-306 - get paper here
  • Pepper, Mitzy; Paul Doughty, Matthew K. Fujita, Craig Moritz, J. Scott Keogh 2013. Speciation on the Rocks: Integrated Systematics of the Heteronotia spelea Species Complex (Gekkota; Reptilia) from Western and Central Australia. PLoS ONE 8 (11): e78110. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0078110 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1867. Herpetologische Notizen. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1867 (Januar): 13-37 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. 1969. Habitat specificity, speciation, and species density in Australian desert lizards. Ecology 50 (3): 498-502 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R.; Pianka, H. D. 1976. Comparative ecology of twelve species of nocturnal lizards (Gekkonidae) in the western Australian desert. Copeia 1976 (1): 125-142 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858,1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair (Zoologie), Vol. 1, part 3 (Reptilien p.1-98). K. Gerold's Sohn/Kaiserlich-Königl. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien [1869 on title page] - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1925. Beiträge zur Herpetologie Inner-Australiens. Abhandlungen Herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 38: 221—251
  • Wells R W; Wellington C R 1984. A synopsis of the class Reptilia in Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology 1 (3-4): 73-129 [1983]
  • Wells, R. W. and Wellington, C. R. 1985. A classification of the Amphibia and Reptilia of Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology, Supplementary Series, (1):1-61. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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