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Holaspis guentheri GRAY, 1863

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSawtail Lizard 
SynonymHolaspis guentheri GRAY 1863: 152
Holaspis guentheri GRAY 1864: 103
Holaspis guentheri — SCHMIDT 1919: 515
Holaspis guentheri — ARNOLD 1989
Holaspis guentheri — CHIRIO & INEICH 2006 
DistributionSierra Leone, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, C/S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Central African Republic, Uganda, Angola, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Ivory Coast, Benin, Togo

Type locality: unknown (fide LOVERIDGE 1936) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.7.31 
CommentHolaspis guentheri laevis has been elevated to species status. Distribution not corrected for elevation of laevis to species status. The photos listed below may actually be H. laevis (M. Kroniger, pers. comm.).

Type species: Holaspis guentheri GRAY 1863: 152 is the type species of the genus Holaspis GRAY 1863. 
EtymologyNamed after Albert Günther (1830-1914), German-born zoologist at the British Museum. 
References
  • Arnold, E. N. 1989. Systematics and adaptive radiation of Equatorial African lizards assigned to the genera Adolfus, Bedriagaia, Gastropholis, Holaspis, and Lacerta (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Journal of Natural History 23: 525-555
  • Böhme, Wolfgang, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Christian Brede & Philipp Wagner 2011. The reptiles (Testudines, Squamata, Crocodylia) of the forested southeast of the Republic Guinea (Guinée forestière), wit a country-wide checklist. Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 (1): 35-61 - get paper here
  • Boistel, Renaud;, Anthony Herrel; Renaud Lebrun, Gheylen Daghfous, Paul Tafforeau, Jonathan B. Lososô and Bieke Vanhooydonck|| 2011. Shake Rattle and Roll: The Bony Labyrinth and Aerial Descent in Squamates. Integrative and Comparative Biology, doi:10.1093/icb/icr034
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Chirio, Laurent and Ivan Ineich 2006. Biogeography of the reptiles of the Central African Republic. African Journal of Herpetology 55(1):23-59. - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1863. Descriptions of two new genera of lizards (Holaspis and Poriodogaster, A. SMITH, MS.). Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1863: 152-155 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1864. Description of two new genera of lizards (Holaspis and Poriodogaster, A. Smith, MS). Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 13: 101-104 - get paper here
  • Herrmann, H.-J. 1986. Schweben und Gleiten bei Amphibien und Reptilien. Sauria 8 (1): 13-17 - get paper here
  • KRONIGER, M. 1998. Haltung und nachzucht von Holaspis guentheri laevis WERNER, 1895. Die Eidechse 9 (3): 82-90 - get paper here
  • KRONIGER, M. 1998. Protokoll einer Paarung bei Holaspis guentheri laevis WERNER, 1895. Die Eidechse 9 (1): 41-42 - get paper here
  • Kroniger, M. & in den Bosch, H.A.J. 2001. Biological data on Holaspis guentheri laevis Werner, 1895 obtained from vivarium keeping. Podarcis 2 (3): 72-80
  • Leaché, Adam D.; Mark-Oliver Rödel, Charles W. Linkem, Raul E. Diaz, Annika<br />Hillers, and Matthew K. Fujita 2006. Biodiversity in a forest island: reptiles and amphibians of the Togo Hills, Kyabobo National Park, Ghana. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 4 (1): 22-45 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1920. Notes on East African lizards collected 1915-1919, with description of a new genus and species of skink and new subspecies of gecko. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1920: 131-167 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122 - get paper here
  • Rovatsos, Michail; Jasna Vukić, Marie Altmanová, Martina Johnson Pokorná, Jiří Moravec and Lukáš Kratochvíl 2016. Conservation of sex chromosomes in lacertid lizards. Molecular Ecology, DOI: 10.1111/mec.13635
  • Schmidt, Karl Patterson 1919. Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the Collection of the American Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part I: turtles, crocodiles, lizards, and chamaeleons. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 39 (2): 385-624 - get paper here
  • Scott Jr., N.J. 1982. The herpetofauna of forest litter plots from Cameroon, Africa. In: Scott, N.J. (ed.) Herpetological communities [an SSAR symposium]. US Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildl. Res. Rep. 13: 145-150
  • Segniagbeto, Gabriel Hoinsoude; Jean-François Trape, Komlan M. Afiademanyo, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Annemarie Ohler, Alain Dubois, Patrick David, Danny Meirte, Isabelle Adolé Glitho, Fabio Petrozzi, and Luca Luiselli 2015. Checklist of the lizards of Togo (West Africa), with comments on systematics, distribution, ecology, and conservation. Zoosystema 37 (2): 381-402 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147]
  • Trape, J.F.; Trape, S. & Chirio, L. 2012. Lézards, crocodiles et tortues d'Afrique occidentale et du Sahara. IRD Orstom, 503 pp. - get paper here
  • Ullenbruch, K.; Grell, O.; Böhme, W. 2010. Reptiles from southern Benin, West Africa, with the description of a new Hemidactylus (Gekkonidae), and a country-wide checklist. Bonn Zool. Bull. 57 (1): 31-54 - get paper here
 
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