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Holaspis laevis WERNER, 1896

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Eastern serrate-toed tree lizard
G: Ostafrikanische Sägeschwanzeidechse 
SynonymHolaspis guentheri laevis WERNER 1896: 191
Holaspis guentheri laevis — ARNOLD 1989: 545
Holaspis guentheri laevis — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 17
Holaspis laevis — BROADLEY 2000
Holaspis guentheri laevis — KRONIGER & IN DEN BOSCH 2001
Holaspis laevis — SPAWLS et al 2018: 189 
DistributionSierra Leone, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, C/S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya (P. Malonza, pers. comm., 23 June 2021), Malawi, Mozambique, Ivory Coast

Type locality: Usambara Mts., Tanzania  
TypesHolotype: BMNH (= 1946.8.7.25) fide Arnold 1989: 545 
CommentDistribution: not corrected for elevation of laevis to species status. Not in Angola fide Marques et al. 2018. Not in Equatorial Guinea fide SÁNCHEZ-VIALAS et al. 2022 (where only H. guentheri occurs).

Similar species: H. guentheri. KRONIGER (2001) stated that the only difference between guentheri and laevis seems to be an additional paravertebral stripe in guentheri.

Synonymy: Boulenger 1921 considered laevis a synonym of guentheri. 
  • Arnold, E.N. 1989. Systematics and adaptive radiation of Equatorial African lizards assigned to the genera Adolfus, Bedriagaia, Gastropholis, Holaspis and Lacerta (Reptilia: Lacertidae) Journal of Natural History 23: 525-555 - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 2005. Die echten Eidechsen der Familie Lacertidae - eine Übersicht. Draco 5 (21): 4-27 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. 2000. Geographical Distribution. Holaspis laevis (WERNER, 1895). African Herp News (31): 13-14 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Buruwate, T. C., & Lloyd-Jones, D. J. 2024. Amphibian and Reptile Diversity of Niassa Special Reserve, Northern Mozambique. Journal of East African Natural History, 113(1), 1-18 - get paper here
  • Conradie, Werner; Gabriela B. Bittencourt-Silva, Hanlie M. Engelbrecht, Simon P. Loader, Michele Menegon, Cristóvão Nanvonamuquitxo, Michael Scott, Krystal A. Tolley 2016. Exploration into the hidden world of Mozambique’s sky island forests: new discoveries of reptiles and amphibians. Zoosyst. Evol. 92 (2): 163–180, DOI 10.3897/zse.92.9948 - get paper here
  • Esterbauer, H. 2018. Haltung und Nachzucht der Ostafrikanischen Sägeschwanzeidechse, Holaspis laevis. Reptilia 23 (134): 44-51 - get paper here
  • Esterbauer, Hans E 2014. Bau einer Styropor-Terrarienanlage zur tiergerechten Haltung, Nachzucht und Aufzucht von Echsen. Draco 16 (56): 60-66 - get paper here
  • Kroniger, M. 2004. Die Ostafrikanische Sägeschwanzeidechse Holaspis laevis. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Kroniger, M. & in den Bosch, H.A.J. 2001. Biological data on Holaspis guentheri laevis Werner, 1895 obtained from vivarium keeping. Podarcis 2 (3): 73-81 - get paper here
  • KRONIGER, M.: 2003. Holaspis laevis WERNER, 1895 - Ostafrikanische Sägeschwanzeidechse. Die Eidechse 14 (3): 105-108 - get paper here
  • Malonza, Patrick K.; David M. Mulwa, Joash O. Nyamache, Georgina Jones 2017. Biogeography of the Shimba Hills ecosystem herpetofauna in Kenya. Zoological Research 38(5): 1-11 - get paper here
  • Pietersen, Darren, Verburgt, Luke & Davies, John 2021. Snakes and other reptiles of Zambia and Malawi. Struik Nature / Penguin Random House South Africa, 376 pp., ISBN 9781775847373
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1895. Über einige Reptilien aus Usambara (Deutsch-Ostafrika). Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 45: 190—194 - get paper here
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