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Holbrookia elegans BOCOURT, 1874

IUCN Red List - Holbrookia elegans - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Phrynosomatinae, Callisaurini; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesHolbrookia elegans elegans BOCOURT 1874
Holbrookia elegans thermophila BARBOUR 1921 
Common NamesE: Elegant Earless Lizard
S: Lagartija Sorda Elegante 
SynonymHolbrookia elegans BOCOURT 1874
Holbrookia elegans — BOULENGER 1885: 209
Holbrookia elegans — SCHMIDT 1922: 714
Holbrookia elegans elegans — SMITH 1935: 191
Holbrookia elegans elegans — TAYLOR 1938: 517
Holbrookia maculata elegans — LEWIS 1956
Holbrookia maculata elegans — HARDY 1969: 125
Holbrookia elegans elegans — WEBB 1984
Holbrookia elegans — LEMOS-ESPINAL et al. 2002
Holbrookia elegans — LEMOS-ESPINAL & SMITH 2007
Holbrookia elegans — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009

Holbrookia elegans thermophila BARBOUR 1921
Holbrookia thermophila BARBOUR 1921
Holbrookia elegans thermophila — SMITH 1935: 194
Holbrookia elegans thermophila — TAYLOR 1938: 482
Holbrookia maculata thermophila — CROTHER 2000: 46
Holbrookia elegans thermophila — LEMOS-ESPINAL et al. 2004
Holbrookia elegans thermophila — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Holbrookia elegans thermophila — CROTHER et al. 2012
Holbrookia elegans thermophila — SCHULZ 2021 
DistributionUSA (New Mexico, Arizona), Mexico (Chihuahua, Durango) (LEMOS-ESPINAL et al. 2002, HR 33: 225, Sonora)

elegans: Mexico (Sinaloa); Type locality: Mazatlan, Mexico.

thermophila: Mexico (Sonora)  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesTypes: unlocated; not in MNHN (Ivan Ineich, pers. comm. 21 Dec 2013).
Holotype: MCZ R-14281 [thermophila] 
DiagnosisDescription: see H. approximans.

Diagnosis: Smith et al. 2004 found no reliable difference in scalation between elegans and approximans (despite some alleged differences in supraocular scales). See H. approximans. 
CommentHolbrookia maculata thermophila is closely related to the Mexican endemic H. m elegans and these two may be considered as a separate species (H. elegans) and subspecies (H. e. thermophila) fide WILGENBUSCH & DE QUEIROZ 2000 and CROTHER 2000.

Habitat and range: H. elegans appears to be a Pacific lowland species while approximans is an upland species, found in the Sierra Madre Occidental and areas eastward. 
EtymologyFrom the Latin ēlegāns meaning elegant. 
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