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Holbrookia lacerata COPE, 1880

IUCN Red List - Holbrookia lacerata - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Phrynosomatinae, Callisaurini; Iguania, Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesHolbrookia lacerata lacerata COPE 1880
Holbrookia lacerata subcaudalis AXTELL 1956 
Common NamesSpot-tailed Earless Lizard, Plateau Earless Lizard, Northern Spot-tailed Earless Lizard
subcaudalis: Southern Earless Lizard, Southern Spot-tailed Earless Lizard 
SynonymHolbrookia lacerata COPE 1880: 15
Holbrookia lacerata — BOULENGER 1885: 209
Holbrookia maculata lacerata — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 83
Holbrookia lacerata lacerata — AXTELL 1956
Holbrookia lacerata — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 101
Holbrookia lacerata — CROTHER 2000
Holbrookia lacerata lacerata — CROTHER et al. 2012

Holbrookia lacerata subcaudalis AXTELL 1956
Holbrookia subcaudalis — LINER 1994
Holbrookia lacerata subcaudalis — LINER 2007
Holbrookia lacerata subcaudalis — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009 
DistributionUSA (S/C Texas: Erath, Comanche, Kendall, Comal counties),
Mexico (NE Coahuila, N Nuevo Leon, NW Tamaulipas)

lacerata: Texas

subcaudalis: Mexico (Coahuila, Tamaulipas, N Nuevo Leon), USA (Texas); Type locality: "In plowed field 4.8 miles east northeast (27° 36' N, 97° 45' W) of Bishop, Nueces County, Texas. Elevation 75 feet."

Type locality: not given by COPE 1880 but its distribution is said to be “Erath County, west of the Upper Brazos [...] Comanche County [...] Guadelupe River in Kendall or Comal county”. Revised by Axtell (1956:172) to "within a circle with a three mile radius from Helotes [29° 35' N . 98° 41' W], Bexar County, Texas" Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesLectotype: USNM 10160A, adult male (selected from 2 syntypes by Axtell 1956: 172)
Holotype: TNHC 20,000, adult male (R. Axtell, pers. comm., 21 May 2014) [subcuadalis] 
  • Axtell, Ralph W. 1956. A solution to the long neglected Holbrookia lacerata problem, and the description of two new subspecies of Holbrookia. Bulletin of the Chicago Academy of Sciences 10 (11): 163-179
  • Axtell, Ralph W. 1968. Holbrookia lacerta. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (56): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. and <br />T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Cope, E.D. 1880. On the zoological position of Texas. Bull. US Natl. Mus., No. 17: 1-51 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. 2000. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding. Herpetological Circular 29: 1-82
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Coahuila, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 550 pp.
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
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