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Holbrookia lacerata COPE, 1880

IUCN Red List - Holbrookia lacerata - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Phrynosomatinae, Callisaurini; Iguania, Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesHolbrookia lacerata lacerata COPE 1880
Holbrookia lacerata subcaudalis AXTELL 1956 
Common NamesSpot-tailed Earless Lizard, Plateau Earless Lizard, Northern Spot-tailed Earless Lizard
subcaudalis: Southern Earless Lizard, Southern Spot-tailed Earless Lizard 
SynonymHolbrookia lacerata COPE 1880: 15
Holbrookia lacerata — BOULENGER 1885: 209
Holbrookia maculata lacerata — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 83
Holbrookia lacerata lacerata — AXTELL 1956
Holbrookia lacerata — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 101
Holbrookia lacerata — CROTHER 2000
Holbrookia lacerata lacerata — CROTHER et al. 2012

Holbrookia lacerata subcaudalis AXTELL 1956
Holbrookia subcaudalis — LINER 1994
Holbrookia lacerata subcaudalis — LINER 2007
Holbrookia lacerata subcaudalis — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009 
DistributionUSA (S/C Texas),
Mexico (NE Coahuila, N Nuevo Leon, NW Tamaulipas ?)

lacerata: USA (Texas); Type locality: not given by COPE 1880 but said to be "Erath County, west of the upper Brazos .... in Comanche County," and "on the Guadalupe River in Kendall or Comal County." Revised by Axtell (1956:172) to "within a circle with a three mile radius from Helotes [29° 35' N, 98° 41' W], Bexar County, Texas".

subcaudalis: Mexico (Coahuila, Tamaulipas ?, N Nuevo Leon), USA (Texas); Type locality: "In plowed field 4.8 miles east northeast (27° 36' N, 97° 45' W) of Bishop, Nueces County, Texas. Elevation 75 feet." Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesLectotype: USNM 10160A, adult male (selected from 2 syntypes by Axtell 1956: 172)
Holotype: TNHC 20,000, adult male (R. Axtell, pers. comm., 21 May 2014) [subcaudalis] 
CommentDistribution: Axtell 1956: 164 pointed out that Erath and Comanche counties are actually outside the range of H. lacerata. The revised type locality is that indicated on the tag of the lectotype. The Holbrookia in Erath and Comanche Co. is H. maculata perspicua (R. Axtell, pers. comm., 11 Oct 2014). 
References
  • Axtell, Ralph W. 1956. A solution to the long neglected Holbrookia lacerata problem, and the description of two new subspecies of Holbrookia. Bulletin of the Chicago Academy of Sciences 10 (11): 163-179
  • Axtell, Ralph W. 1968. Holbrookia lacerata. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (56): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. and <br />T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Cope, E.D. 1880. On the zoological position of Texas. Bull. US Natl. Mus., No. 17: 1-51 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. 2000. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding. Herpetological Circular 29: 1-82
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Coahuila, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 550 pp.
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
 
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