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Holbrookia propinqua BAIRD & GIRARD, 1852

IUCN Red List - Holbrookia propinqua - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Phrynosomatinae, Callisaurini; Iguania, Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesHolbrookia propinqua propinqua BAIRD & GIRARD, 1852
Holbrookia propinqua piperata SMITH & BURGER 1950
Holbrookia propinqua stonei HARPER 1932 
Common NamesKeeled Earless Lizard
propinqua: Northern Keeled Earless Lizard 
SynonymHolbrookia propinqua BAIRD & GIRARD 1852
Holbrookia propinqua — BOULENGER 1885: 208
Holbrookia propinqua propinqua — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 85
Holbrookia propinqua — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 101
Holbrookia propinqua — LINER 1994
Holbrookia propinqua — LINER 2007

Holbrookia propinqua piperata SMITH & BURGER 1950
Holbrookia propinqua piperata — LINER 2007 
DistributionUSA (S Texas),
Mexico (E Tamaulipas, N Veracruz)

Type locality: Between Indianola and San Antonio, Texas. Restricted to 9 miles southwest of Somerset, Atascosa County, by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.

piperata: Type locality: Mexico: Etiopa, 2 mi S of Tecolutla, Veracruz; HOLOTYPE: UIMNH 4048; P.W. Smith, and R.W. Reese; April 24, 1949.

propinqua: S Texas, Mexico (Tamaulipas); Type locality: Between Indianola and San Antonio, Texas.

stonei: Texas; Type locality: Padre Island, Texas. Holotype: ANSP 19879; Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
CommentH. p. stonei is not listed by CROTHER (2000), nor Liner 2007.

Schulte & DE QUEIROZ (2008) showed that Holbrookia maculata is shown to be paraphyletic with respect to Holbrookia propinqua. 
  • Axtell, Ralph W. 1981. Holbrookia Propinqua: Type specimens, collector, his route, and restriction of locality, with comments on Baird's "Reptiles of the Boundary" as an important taxonomic reference. Journal of Herpetology 15 (2): 211-217 - get paper here
  • Axtell, Ralph W. 1983. Holbrookia propinqua. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (341): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Baird,S.F. and Girard,C. 1852. Characteristics of some new reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, part 2. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 125-129 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boundy, Jeff 1994. County records for Texas amphibians and reptiles Herpetological Review 25 (3): 129 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Cooper Jr., W.E. 2005. Duration of movement as a lizard foraging movement variable. Herpetologica 61 (4): 363-372 - get paper here
  • Cooper, William E., Jr 1984. Female secondary sexual coloration and sex recognition in the keeled earless lizard, Holbrookia propinqua Animal Behaviour 32: 1142-1150
  • Cope, E.D. 1880. On the zoological position of Texas. Bull. US Natl. Mus., No. 17: 1-51 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1885. Reptilia and Batrachia. Biologia Centrali-Américana. Taylor, & Francis, London, 326 pp. [published in parts from 1885-1902; reprint by the SSAR 1987] - get paper here
  • Harper, Francis 1932. A new Texas subspecies of the lizard genus Holbrookia Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 45: 15-18 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60
  • Smith, H. M., & Burger, W.L. 1949. Herpetological results of the University of Illinois field expedition, Spring 1949. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Sciences 53 (2): 165-175
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