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Holcosus quadrilineatus (HALLOWELL, 1861)

IUCN Red List - Holcosus quadrilineatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesFour-lined Ameiva 
SynonymCnemidophorus quadrilineatus HALLOWELL 1861: 483
Ameiva quadrilineata - COPE 1862: 62
Amiva [sic] gabbiana COPE 1876: 117
Ameiva gabbiana — GÜNTHER 1885: 24
Ameiva quadrilineata — PETERS et al. 1970: 23
Ameiva quadrilineata — KÖHLER 2000: 97
Holcosus quadrilineatus — HARVEY et al. 2012 
DistributionW Panama, Costa Rica, SE Nicaragua

Type locality: Nicaragua; restricted to Greytown, Nicaragua, by TAYLOR (1956). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: USNM 6053 
CommentSynonymy that of PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970

Sympatry: Ameiva (= Holcosus) festiva 
  • Arias, Erick; Federico Bolaños 2014. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of San Isidro de Dota, Reserva Forestal Los Santos, Costa Rica. Check List 10 (4): 870-877 - get paper here
  • Cooper Jr., W.E. 2005. Duration of movement as a lizard foraging movement variable. Herpetologica 61 (4): 363-372 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1863. Synopsis of the species of Holcosus and Ameiva, with diagnoses of new West Indian and South American Colubridae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14 [1862]: 60-82. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1875. On the Batrachia and Reptilia of Costa Rica with notes on the herpetology and ichthyology of Nicaragua and Peru. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia N.S. (2) 8: 93-183 [sometimes thought to be published 1876 but see Murphy et al. 2007 for clarification]] - get paper here
  • Dunn,E.R. 1940. New and noteworthy herpetological material from Panamá. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia. 92: 105-122. - get paper here
  • Echternacht, A. C. 1971. Middle American lizards of the genus Ameiva. Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 55: 1-86 - get paper here
  • Eisenberg, T. 2000. Herpetologische Reiseeindrücke aus Costa Rica. Reptilia (Münster) 5 (23): 40-45 - get paper here
  • Flores, Enrique Flores, Vayron De Gracia, Samuel Rodriguez and Genaro Pinilla. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Holcosus quadrilineatus (Four-lined Ameiva). Herpetological Review 47 (2): 258
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1885. Reptilia and Batrachia. Biologia Centrali-Américana. Taylor, & Francis, London, 326 pp. [published in parts from 1885-1902; reprint by the SSAR 1987] - get paper here
  • Hallowell, E. 1861. Report upon the Reptilia of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under command of Capt. John Rogers, U. S. N. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 12 [1860]: 480 - 510 - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Mendenhall, Chase D.; Luke O. Frishkoff, Georgina Santos-Barrera, Jesús Pacheco, Eyobed Mesfun, Fernando Mendoza Quijano, Paul R. Ehrlich, Gerardo Ceballos, Gretchen C. Daily, and Robert M. Pringle 2014. Countryside biogeography of Neotropical reptiles and amphibians. Ecology 95:856–870, - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Sebastián-González, Esther & Ramón Gómez 2012. Habitat selection of two sympatric species of Ameiva in East Costa Rica. Acta Herpetologica 7 (2): 347-353 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1956. A review of the lizards of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (part 1): 3-322 - get paper here
  • Wirth, Michael 2011. Costa Rica – ein herpetologisches Paradies!. Draco 12 (45): 4-21 - get paper here
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