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Homoroselaps dorsalis (SMITH, 1849)

IUCN Red List - Homoroselaps dorsalis - Least Concern, LR

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Higher TaxaAtractaspididae (Atractaspidinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Striped Harlequin Snake, Striped Dwarf Garter Snake 
SynonymElaps dorslais [sic] SMITH 1849: 21
Poecilophis dorsalis — GÜNTHER 1859: 88
Homorelaps [sic] dorsalis — BOULENGER 1896: 410
Homoroselaps dorsalis — WELCH 1994: 65
Homoroselaps dorsalis — BOYCOTT 1992
Homoroselaps dorsalis — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007
Homoroselaps dorsalis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 335 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa, Swaziland

Type locality: "Kaffirland, and the country towards Port Natal, southern Africa."  
TypesHolotype: nondesignated, location unknown (not present in RSM or BMNH fide FitzSimons, 1937: 264). 
CommentThis genus is a sister taxon to Atractaspis and has therefore been assigned to the Atractaspididae by NAGY et al. 2005. Previously the genus Homoroselaps has been assigned to the Elapidae. 
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boycott, R.C. 1992. An Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Swaziland. The Conservation Trust of Swaziland - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa - Giftschlangen Afrikas. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 15, 150 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1859. On the genus Elaps of Wagner. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1859: 79-89 - get paper here
  • McDowell, S.B. 1968. Affinities of the snakes usually called Elaps lacteus and E. dorsalis. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 47: 561-578 - get paper here
  • Nagy, Zoltán Tamás; Nicolas Vidal, Miguel Vences, William R. Branch, Olivier S.G. Pauwels , Michael Wink and Ulrich Joger 2005. MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS OF AFRICAN COLUBROIDEA (SQUAMATA: SERPENTES). African Biodiversity: Molecules, Organisms, Ecosystems. Proc. 5th Intern. Symp. Trop. Biol., pp. 221-228 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Smith, A. 1849. Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa. 3 (Reptiles). Smith, Elder, and Co., London [facsimile published by Winchester Press, Johannesburg, 1977] - get paper here
  • Spawls, S., Branch, B. 1995. The Dangerous Snakes of Africa. Blandford, London, 192 pp.
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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