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Homoroselaps lacteus (LINNAEUS, 1758)

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Higher TaxaAtractaspididae (Atractaspidinae), Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesSpotted Harlequin Snake 
SynonymColuber lacteus LINNAEUS 1758: 220
Elaps lacteus SCHNEIDER 1801
Elaps punctatus SMITH 1826: 254
? Elaps hygiae — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1213
Homoroselaps hygiae — JAN 1858: 518
? Elaps higiae —BOULENGER 1887: 180
Elaps hygiae ehrysopeleoides MÜLLER 1887
Micropechis crucifer DE VIS 1905: 52 (fide INGRAM et al. 1981)
Elaps lacteus — LOVERIDGE 1936: 42
Homoroselaps lacteus — WELCH 1994: 65
Homoroselaps lacteus — MATTISON 1995: 102
Homoroselaps lacteus — MATTISON 2007: 104
Homoroselaps lacteus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 336 
DistributionN Republic of South Africa

Type locality: “Indiis” (in error)  
TypesType: NRM (= NHRM) (Stockholm) (Andersson 1899: 15) 
CommentThis genus is a sister taxon to Atractaspis and has therefore been assigned to the Atractaspididae by NAGY et al. 2005. Previously the genus Homoroselaps has been assigned to the Elapidae.

Type species: Coluber lacteus LINNAEUS 1758: 220 is the type species of the genus Homoroselaps JAN 1858. 
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. Synopsis of the snakes of South Africa. The Zoologist, London, (3) 11: 171-182
  • Branch, W. R. 1991. Venoms and Snakebite: Homoroselaps lacteus: Envenomation. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (39): 28-28 - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • de Vis, Charles Walter de 1905. A new genus of lizard. On Typhlops torresianus. Ann. Queensland Museum (Brisbane) 6: 48 - get paper here
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa - Giftschlangen Afrikas. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 15, 150 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Ingram, G. J. & J. Covacevich 1981. Frog and reptile type specimens in the Queensland Museum, with a checklist of frogs and reptiles in Queensland. [type catalogue] Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, Brisbane, 20 (2): 291-306
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122 - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 1995. The Encyclopedia of Snakes. New York: Facts on File, 256 pp.
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • McDowell, S.B. 1968. Affinities of the snakes usually called Elaps lacteus and E. dorsalis. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 47: 561-578
  • Müller,F. 1887. Fünfter Nachtrag zum Katalog der herpetologischen Sammlung des Basler Museums. Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel 8: 249-296 - get paper here
  • Nagy, Zoltán Tamás; Nicolas Vidal, Miguel Vences, William R. Branch, Olivier S.G. Pauwels , Michael Wink and Ulrich Joger 2005. MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS OF AFRICAN COLUBROIDEA (SQUAMATA: SERPENTES). African Biodiversity: Molecules, Organisms, Ecosystems. Proc. 5th Intern. Symp. Trop. Biol., pp. 221-228 - get paper here
  • Smith,A. 1826. On the snakes of Southern Africa. Edinburgh New Philos. J. 1: 248-254
  • Spawls, S., Branch, B. 1995. The Dangerous Snakes of Africa. Blandford, London, 192 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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