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Hoplocephalus bitorquatus (JAN, 1859)

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesPale-headed Snake 
SynonymAlecto bitorquata JAN 1859: 128
Hoplocephalus sulcans DE VIS 1884: 138
Hoplocephalus waitii OGILBY 1894: 261
Denisonia angulata DE VIS 1905: 51
Denisonia revelata DE VIS 1911: 22
Hoplocephalus bitorquatus — COGGER 1983: 227
Hoplocephalus bitorquatus — WELCH 1994: 65
Hoplocephalus bitorquatus — COGGER 2000: 657
Hoplocephalus bitorquatus — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Hoplocephalus bitorquatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 336 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Queensland)

Type locality: Australia (type info erroneously cites Sydney, N. S. W. as type locality. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesHolotype: SMF 20533
Syntypes: presumed lost, from Mitchell district, Qld. [Hoplocephalus sulcans]
Holotype: AM 6590, from unknown locality [Hoplocephalus waitii].
Holotype: QM J194, from Qld. [Denisonia angulata].
Holotype: QM J2957, from Stannary Hills, Qld. [Denisonia revelata]. 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983.

Venomous! 
References
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Covacevich, J. 1968. The Snakes of Brisbane. Brisbane: Queensland Museum 27 pp.
  • De Vis, C. W. 1884. Descriptions of a new snake with a synopsis of the genus Hoplocephalus. Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 1: 138-140 - get paper here
  • De Vis, C. W. 1911. Description of snakes apparently new. Ann. Qd Mus. 10: 22-25
  • de Vis, Charles Walter de 1905. A new genus of lizard. On Typhlops torresianus. Ann. Queensland Museum (Brisbane) 6: 48 - get paper here
  • de Vis, Charles Walter de 1905. A new genus of lizard. Ann. Queensland Museum (Brisbane) 6: 46-52
  • Jan, G. 1859. Plan d'une iconographie descriptive des ophidiens et description sommaire de nouvelles espèces de serpents. Rev. Mag. Zool., Paris (2) (11-12): 122-130
  • Ogilby, J. D. 1894. Description of a new Australian snake. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 9: 261-262 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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