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Hyalosaurus koellikeri (GÜNTHER, 1873)

IUCN Red List - Hyalosaurus koellikeri - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Anguinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesE: Koelliker's Glass Lizard
G: Marokko-Panzerschleiche, Marokko-Glasschleiche 
SynonymHyalosaurus koellikeri GÜNTHER 1873: 351
Pseudopus apus forma ornata BOETTGER 1881
Ophisaurus koellikeri — BOULENGER 1885: 283
Ophisaurus koellikeri — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 453
Anguis koellikeri — MACEY et al. 1999
Hyalosaurus koellikeri — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Hyalosaurus koellikeri — MEDIANI et al. 2015 
DistributionMorocco, NW Algeria

Type locality: unknown (”offered for sale by a man who stated that he had just obtained them from a ship coming from North Africa  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.8.29.50 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentLimbs: hindlimbs only (reduced).

Phylogenetics: O. koellikeri is paraphyletic with other Ophisaurus species, but since only a few species are in this clade Macey et al. 1999 suggested to synonymize Hyalosaurus, Ophisaurus, and Pseudopus with Anguis.

Type species: Hyalosaurus koellikeri GÜNTHER 1873: 351 is the type species of the genus Hyalosaurus GÜNTHER 1873. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1891. Catalogue of the reptiles and batrachians of Barbary (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia), based chiefly upon the notes and collections made in 1880-1884 by M. Fernand Lataste. Tr. Zool. Soc. 13: 93-164
  • Escoriza, Daniel & Maria del Mar Comas 2011. Nova cita de Hyalosaurus koellikeri (Squamata: Anguidae) a la regió de Debdou (Nord-est de Marroc). Bull. Soc. Catalana d’Herp. 19 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1873. Description of a new Saurian (Hyalosaurus) allied to Pseudopus. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 11: 351 - get paper here
  • Macey, J.R. 1999. Molecular phylogenetics, tRNA evolution, and historical biogeography in anguid lizards and related taxonomic families. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 12 (3): 250-272 - get paper here
  • Mateo, José A., Philippe Geniez and Jacques Bons 1998. The Moroccan glass lizard, Ophisaurus koellikeri (Günther, 1873), a new species in Algeria. British Herpetological Society Bulletin (63): 32-33
  • Mediani, Mohamed; José Carlos Brito, Soumia Fahd 2015. Atlas of the amphibians and reptiles of northern Morocco: updated distribution and patterns of habitat selection. Basic and Applied Herpetology 29: - get paper here
  • Mellado,J. & Mateo,J.A. 1992. New records of Moroccan Herpetofauna. The Herpetological Journal 2: 58-61
  • Petzold,H. G. 1971. Blinschleiche und Scheltopusik. Neue Brehm Bücherei 448: 102 pp.
  • Pous, Philip de; Mora, Elisa; Metallinou, Margarita; Escoriza, Daniel; Comas, Mar; Donaire, David; Pleguezuelos, Juan M.; Carranza, Salvador 2011. Elusive but widespread? The potential distribution and genetic variation of Hyalosaurus koellikeri (Günther, 1873) in the Maghreb. Amphibia-Reptilia 32 (3): 385-397 - get paper here
  • Schleich, H.H., Kästle,W., Kabisch, K. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz, Koenigstein, 627 pp.
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Valencia, J. H., K. Garzón-Tello & M. E. Barragán-Paladines 2016. Serpientes venenosas del Ecuador: sistemática, taxonomía, historia natural, conservación, envenenamiento y aspectos antropológicos. Quito, Ecuador, Fundación Herpetológica Gustavo Orcés, Universidad de Texas, Fondo Ambiental Nacional, 652 pp. [review in HR 49 (1): 152, 2018]
  • Werner,F. 1931. Ergebnisse einer zoologischen Forschungsreise nach Marokko. III. Unternommen 1930 mit Unterstützung der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien von Franz Werner und Richard Ebner. III. Amphibien und Reptilien. Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien Mathem.-Naturw., Sect. 1, 140: 272-318 - get paper here
  • Wiens, J. J., and J. L. Slingluff 2001. How lizards turn into snakes: a phylogenetic analysis of body-form evolution in anguid lizards. Evolution 55: 2303–2318 - get paper here
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