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Hydrodynastes gigas (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)

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Higher TaxaDipsadidae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: False Water Cobra
G: Brasilianische Glattnatter 
SynonymXenodon gigas DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 761
Lejosophis gigas – JAN 1863
Cyclagras gigas - COPE 1885: 185
Hydrodynastes gigas - HOGE 1966
Cyclagras gigas - PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 78
Hydrodynastes gigas - CEI 1993
Cyclagigas gigas — FRANK & RAMUS 1995: 215 (in error)
Hydrodynastes gigas — LEYNAUD & BUCHER 1999: 18
Hydrodynastes gigas — MELANI 2007 
DistributionFrench Guiana (along the coast), Suriname, S Brazil (Amazonas, Para, Amapa, Marajo Island, Rio Grande do Sul, Paraná [HR 27: 216], Rondonia [HR 30: 54], Goias),
E Bolivia, Paraguay, N Argentina (Misiones, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Santa Fe, Chaco, Formosa),
Peru ?

Type locality: Corrientes, Argentina Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes: MNHN 3623, largest specimen 2270 mm (A. d'Orbigny). 
CommentSynonymy: partly fide Dunn 1944.

Size: up to 3 m in length.

Venomous! 
References
  • Bernarde, Paulo Sérgio;Moura-Leite, Julio Cesar de 1999. Geographic distribution. Hydrodynastes gigas. Herpetological Review 30 (1): 54 - get paper here
  • Cei, J. M. 1993. Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina. Museo Regionale Sci. Naturale Torino, Monografie 14: 1-949
  • Claessen, H. 2003. De slangen van de Guyanas Deel VI. Lacerta 61 (5): 177-187 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. Twelfth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 167-194 [1884]
  • Dirksen, L. 2003. Marajó - heiss-feuchtes Amazonas-Paradies. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (40): 75-81 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Dunn, E.R. 1944. Dugandia, a new snake genus for Coluber bicinctus Herrmann. Caldasia 3 (11): 69-
  • Faoro,G. & Trutnau, L. 1988. Einige Bemerkungen ur Lebensgeschichte, Pflege und Nachzucht der Riesenglanznatter Hydrodynastes gigas (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854). Herpetofauna 10 (56): 13-16 - get paper here
  • Franca, F.G.R.; Mesquita, Daniel Oliveira and Guarino Rinaldi Colli 2006. A CHECKLIST OF SNAKES FROM AMAZONIAN SAVANNAS IN BRAZIL, HOUSED IN THE COLEÇÃO HERPETOLÓGICA DA UNIVERSIDADE DE BRASÍLIA, WITH NEW DISTRIBUTION RECORDS. Occ. Pap. Oklahoma Mus. Nat. Hist., Univ. Oklahoma 17: 1-13
  • FRANCO, FRANCISCO L.; DANIEL S. FERNANDES & BRUNO M. BENTIM 2007. A new species of Hydrodynastes Fitzinger, 1843 from central Brazil (Serpentes: Colubridae: Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 1613: 57–65 - get paper here
  • Frota, J.G. da; Pedroso dos Santos-Jr, Alfredo; Menezes-Chalkidis, H. de & Guimarães Guedes, A. 2005. AS SERPENTES DA REGIÃO DO BAIXO RIO AMAZONAS, OESTE DO ESTADO DO PARÁ, BRASIL (SQUAMATA). Biociências 13 (2): 211-220
  • Graca Salomão, M. da et al. 2003. Colubrid snakebite: a public health problem in Brazil. Herpetological Review 34 (4): 307-312 - get paper here
  • Hnizdo, J. 1999. Hydrodynastes gigas - Haltung und Nachzucht einer interessanten Glattnatter. Elaphe 7 (1): 9-12
  • Honegger, René E. 1984. Beiträge zur Biologie von Hydrodynastes gigas im Terrarium (Serpentes, Colubridae). Acta Zoologica et Pathologica Antverpiensia (78): 237-244
  • Leynaud, Gerardo C. and Enrique H. Bucher 1999. La fauna de serpientes del Chaco Sudamericano: diversidad, distribución geografica y estado de conservación. Academia Nacional de Ciencias Miscelanea (98):1-46
  • López, M. S. and A. R. Giraudo 2004. Diet of the large water snake Hydrodynastes gigas (Colubridae) from northeast Argentina. Amphibia-Reptilia 25 (2): 178-184 - get paper here
  • Marques, Otavio A. V.; Karina R. S. Banci, and Christine Strüssmann 2013. Death-feigning behaviour in water snakes of the genus Hydrodynastes (Dipsadidae) from South America. Herpetology Notes 6: 95-96 - get paper here
  • Meierkord, R. 2008. Hydrodynastes gigas - von der Aufzucht bis zur Nachzucht der Falschen Wasserkobra. Reptilia (Münster) 13 (70): 65-69 - get paper here
  • Melani, E. 2007. Hydrodynastes gigas - Keeping and breeding the Brazilian False Water cobra. Reptilia (GB) (50): 74-78 - get paper here
  • PEREIRA-FILHO, Gentil Alves ; MONTIGELLI, Giovanna. Gondim 2006. Geographic Distribution: Hydrodynastes gigas. Herpetological Review 37 (4): 497 - get paper here
  • Scott, Norman J.;Lovett, Jonny Wayne 1975. A collection of reptiles and amphibians from the Chaco of Paraguay. The University of Connecticut Occasional Papers, Biological Series 2 (16): 257-266
  • Starace, Fausto 1998. Guide des Serpents et Amphisbènes de Guyane. IBIS Rouge Editions, Guadeloupe, Guyane, 450 pp.
  • Vaz-Silva, W. et al. 2007. Herpetofauna, Espora Hydroelectric Power Plant, state of Goiás, Brazil. Check List 3 (4): 338-345 - get paper here
  • Williams,J.D. & Francini,F. 1991. A checklist of the Argentine snakes. Boll. Mus. reg. Sci. nat. Torino 9 (1): 55-90
  • Winchell, S. 2010. Die Reptilien Argentiniens. Reptilia (Münster) 15 (83): 20-27 - get paper here
 
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