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Hydrodynastes gigas (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)

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Higher TaxaDipsadidae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: False Water Cobra
G: Brasilianische Glattnatter 
SynonymXenodon gigas DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 761
Lejosophis gigas – JAN 1863
Cyclagras gigas - COPE 1885: 185
Hydrodynastes gigas - HOGE 1966
Cyclagras gigas - PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 78
Hydrodynastes gigas - CEI 1993
Cyclagigas gigas — FRANK & RAMUS 1995: 215 (in error)
Hydrodynastes gigas — LEYNAUD & BUCHER 1999: 18
Hydrodynastes gigas — MELANI 2007 
DistributionFrench Guiana (along the coast), Suriname, S Brazil (Amazonas, Para, Amapa, Marajo Island, Rio Grande do Sul, Paraná [HR 27: 216], Rondonia [HR 30: 54], Goias),
E Bolivia, Paraguay, N Argentina (Misiones, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Santa Fe, Chaco, Formosa),
Peru ?

Type locality: Corrientes, Argentina Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes (3), MNHN 3623, largest specimen 2270 mm (A. d'Orbigny). 
CommentSynonymy: partly fide Dunn 1944.

Size: up to 3 m in length.

Venomous! 
References
  • Bernarde, Paulo Sérgio;Moura-Leite, Julio Cesar de 1999. Geographic distribution. Hydrodynastes gigas Herpetological Review 30 (1): 54 - get paper here
  • Cei, J. M. 1993. Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina. Museo Regionale Sci. Naturale Torino, Monografie 14: 1-949
  • Claessen, H. 2003. De slangen van de Guyanas Deel VI. Lacerta 61 (5): 177-187 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. Twelfth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 167-194 [1884]
  • Dirksen, L. 2003. Marajó - heiss-feuchtes Amazonas-Paradies. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (40): 75-81 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Dunn, E.R. 1944. Dugandia, a new snake genus for Coluber bicinctus Herrmann. Caldasia 3 (11): 69-
  • Faoro,G. & Trutnau, L. 1988. Einige Bemerkungen ur Lebensgeschichte, Pflege und Nachzucht der Riesenglanznatter Hydrodynastes gigas (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854). Herpetofauna 10 (56): 13-16 - get paper here
  • Franca, F.G.R.; Mesquita, Daniel Oliveira and Guarino Rinaldi Colli 2006. A CHECKLIST OF SNAKES FROM AMAZONIAN SAVANNAS IN BRAZIL, HOUSED IN THE COLEÇÃO HERPETOLÓGICA DA UNIVERSIDADE DE BRASÍLIA, WITH NEW DISTRIBUTION RECORDS. Occ. Pap. Oklahoma Mus. Nat. Hist., Univ. Oklahoma 17: 1-13
  • FRANCO, FRANCISCO L.; DANIEL S. FERNANDES & BRUNO M. BENTIM 2007. A new species of Hydrodynastes Fitzinger, 1843 from central Brazil (Serpentes: Colubridae: Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 1613: 57–65 - get paper here
  • Frota, J.G. da; Pedroso dos Santos-Jr, Alfredo; Menezes-Chalkidis, H. de & Guimarães Guedes, A. 2005. AS SERPENTES DA REGIÃO DO BAIXO RIO AMAZONAS, OESTE DO ESTADO DO PARÁ, BRASIL (SQUAMATA). Biociências 13 (2): 211-220
  • Graca Salomão, M. da et al. 2003. Colubrid snakebite: a public health problem in Brazil. Herpetological Review 34 (4): 307-312 - get paper here
  • Hnizdo, J. 1999. Hydrodynastes gigas - Haltung und Nachzucht einer interessanten Glattnatter. Elaphe 7 (1): 9-12
  • Honegger, René E. 1984. Beiträge zur Biologie von Hydrodynastes gigas im Terrarium (Serpentes, Colubridae) Acta Zoologica et Pathologica Antverpiensia (78): 237-244
  • Leynaud, Gerardo C. and Enrique H. Bucher 1999. La fauna de serpientes del Chaco Sudamericano: diversidad, distribución geografica y estado de conservación. Academia Nacional de Ciencias Miscelanea (98):1-46
  • López, M. S. and A. R. Giraudo 2004. Diet of the large water snake Hydrodynastes gigas (Colubridae) from northeast Argentina. Amphibia-Reptilia 25 (2): 178-184 - get paper here
  • Marques, Otavio A. V.; Karina R. S. Banci, and Christine Strüssmann 2013. Death-feigning behaviour in water snakes of the genus Hydrodynastes (Dipsadidae) from South America. Herpetology Notes 6: 95-96 - get paper here
  • Meierkord, R. 2008. Hydrodynastes gigas - von der Aufzucht bis zur Nachzucht der Falschen Wasserkobra. Reptilia (Münster) 13 (70): 65-69 - get paper here
  • Melani, E. 2007. Hydrodynastes gigas - Keeping and breeding the Brazilian False Water cobra. Reptilia (GB) (50): 74-78 - get paper here
  • PEREIRA-FILHO, Gentil Alves ; MONTIGELLI, Giovanna. Gondim 2006. Geographic Distribution: Hydrodynastes gigas. Herpetological Review 37 (4): 497 - get paper here
  • Scott, Norman J.;Lovett, Jonny Wayne 1975. A collection of reptiles and amphibians from the Chaco of Paraguay. The University of Connecticut Occasional Papers, Biological Series 2 (16): 257-266
  • Starace, Fausto 1998. Guide des Serpents et Amphisbènes de Guyane. IBIS Rouge Editions, Guadeloupe, Guyane, 450 pp.
  • Vaz-Silva, W. et al. 2007. Herpetofauna, Espora Hydroelectric Power Plant, state of Goiás, Brazil. Check List 3 (4): 338-345 - get paper here
  • Williams,J.D. & Francini,F. 1991. A checklist of the Argentine snakes. Boll. Mus. reg. Sci. nat. Torino 9 (1): 55-90
  • Winchell, S. 2010. Die Reptilien Argentiniens. Reptilia (Münster) 15 (83): 20-27 - get paper here
 
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