Hydrophis belcheri (GRAY, 1849)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Hydrophis belcheri?
|Higher Taxa||Elapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||Faint-banded Seasnake|
|Synonym||Aturia belcheri GRAY 1849: 46|
Hydrophis pachycercus FISCHER 1856
Hydrophis belcheri — GÜNTHER 1864
Distira belcheri — BOULENGER 1896
Hydrophis belcheri — COGGER 1983: 249
Aturia belcheri — WELCH 1994: 25
Hydrophis belcheri — MURPHY, COX & VORIS 1999
Hydrophis belcheri — COGGER 2000: 714
Chitulia belcheri — KHARIN 2005
Hydrophis belcheri — SANG et al. 2009
Hydrophis belcheri — RASMUSSEN et al. 2011
Chitulia belcheri — KHARIN & DOTSENKO 2012
Hydrophis belcheri — SANDERS et al. 2012
Chitulia (Chitulia) belcheri — KHARIN 2012
Chitulia belcheri — WALLACH et al. 2014: 165
Hydrophis belcheri — COGGER 2014: 956
|Distribution||Indian Ocean (Philippines: Visayan area, Panay; New Guinea), Gulf of Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia and New Guinea, Australia|
Type locality: New Guinea (in error, fide DAVID & INEICH 1999) Map legend:
- Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.
NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
|Types||Holotype: BMNH 19220.127.116.11.|
Neotype: ZMUC (pachycercos)
Synonymy partly after COGGER 1983. Hydrophis pachycercos FISCHER 1855 has been removed from the synonymy of H. belcheri by RASMUSSEN et al. (200).
Diagnostic characters: Normally only one supralabial (the fourth) bordering the eye, but rarely two (third and fourth or fourth and fifth). Scale rows around neck 24–2; scale rows around body 32–3; ventrals 28–313. Maxillary teeth behind fangs –8, rarely 6 or 9. Colouration: Body yellow or greyish above, yellow-whitish below, with 52–0 dark or black bands. Head dark with flecks of olive or yellowish markings on prefrontal and around eye.
Distribution: not on the Solomon Islands (Bougainville Island) by McCoy 2015 although the species was listed by SMITH 193 for the Solomons. Specimens that were earlier on referred to as C. belcheri from the Philippines (AMNH 3091, BMNH 1918.104.22.168) appear to belong to the species Leioselasma melanocephala (Gray, 1849), which is widely distributed along the coasts of southern Japan, China, and Taiwan and in the Gulf of Tonkin [KHARIN 2005].
The name Aturia is preoccupied and thus all species of Aturia have been referred to Chitulia (WILLIAMS & WALLACH 1989).
|Etymology||Named after the collector of the holotype, H. Belcher.|