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Hydrophis brookii GÜNTHER, 1872

IUCN Red List - Hydrophis brookii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymHydrophis brookii GÜNTHER 1872: 597
Hydrophis consobrinus SMITH 1917: 341
Hydrophis brookei — DE ROOIJ 1917
Hydrophis brookei — SMITH 1943: 465
Hydrophis brookii — WELCH 1994: 67
Hydrophis brookei — MURPHY, COX & VORIS 1999
Hydrophis (Hydrophis) brookii — KHARIN 2004
Hydrophis brookii — RASMUSSEN et al. 2011 
DistributionIndian Ocean (Malaysia, Vietnam, W Indonesia: Sumatra, Java, Borneo: Kalimantan), Gulf of Thailand

Type locality: Sarawak, Malaysia  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.157 
CommentVenomous!

Habitat: marine and freshwater (Rasmussen et al. 2001).

Diagnostic characters: Head small, body long and slender anteriorly. Scale rows around neck 25–31; scale rows around body 37–45; ventrals 328–414. Maxillary teeth behind fangs 4–5. Colouration: Body bluish white with 60 to 80 dark or black bands. Anteriorly these completely encircle the body, but posteriorly they narrow on the sides and may be incomplete below. Head blackish, with a yellow horseshoe mark on the upper side.

Size: 104 cm. 
References
  • Günther, A. 1872. On the reptiles and amphibians of Borneo. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1872: 586-600. - get paper here
  • Kharin V E 1983. A new species of the genus Hydrophis sensu lato (Serpentes, Hydrophiidae) from the North Australian Shelf [in Russian]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 62 (11): 1751-1753
  • Kharin, V.E. 2004. A review of sea snakes of the genus Hydrophis sensu stricto (Serpentes, Hydrophiidae). [in Russian]. Biologiya Morya (Vladivostok) 30 (6): 447-454
  • Kharin, V.E. 2004. Review of Sea Snakes of the genus Hydrophis sensu stricto (Serpentes: Hydrophiidae). Russian Journal of Marine Biology 30 (6): 387-394
  • Kharin, Vladimir E.; Jakob Hallermann 2009. Annotated catalogue of sea kraits (Laticaudidae) and sea snakes (Hydrophiidae) of the herpetological collection of the Zoological Museum, University of Hamburg. Mitt. hamb. zool. Mus. Inst. 106: 51-67
  • Murphy,J.C.; Cox,M.J. & Voris,H.K. 1999. A key to the sea snakes in the gulf of Thailand. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 47: 95-108
  • Rasmussen, A. R., M. AULIYA & W. BÖHME 2001. A new species of sea snake genus Hydrophis (Serpentes: Elapidae) from a river in West Kalimantan (Indonesia, Borneo). Herpetologica 57 (1): 23-32 - get paper here
  • RASMUSSEN, ARNE REDSTED; JOHAN ELMBERG, PETER GRAVLUND & IVAN INEICH 2011. Sea snakes (Serpentes: subfamilies Hydrophiinae and Laticaudinae) in Vietnam: a comprehensive checklist and an updated identification key. Zootaxa 2894: 1–20 - get paper here
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Smith,M.A. 1917. Preliminary diagnoses of four new sea snakes. J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam 2: 340 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1965. The serpents of Thailand and adjacent waters. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 45 (9): 609-1096 - get paper here
 
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