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Hydrophis mamillaris (DAUDIN, 1803)

IUCN Red List - Hydrophis mamillaris - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Bombay Sea Snake 
SynonymAnguis mamillaris DAUDIN 1803: 340
Leioselasma mamillaris — SMITH 1926
Lioselasma [sic] mamillaris — WALL 1921: 349
Hydrophis mamillaris — SMITH 1926: 88
Hydrophis mamillaris — SMITH 1943: 462
Hydrophis mamillaris — TAYLOR 1965: 1052
Hydrophis (Aturia) mamillaris — MCDOWELL 1972: 228
Aturia mamillaris — WELCH 1994: 25
Hydrophis mamillaris — DAS 1996: 61
Hydrophis mammillaris [sic] — KHAN 2002 (pers. comm.)
Chitulia mamillaris — KHARIN 2005
Chitulia mamillaris — KHARIN & DOTSENKO 2012
Hydrophis mamillaris — SANDERS et al. 2012 (by implication)
Chitulia (Dolichodira) mamillaris — KHARIN 2012
Chitulia mamillaris — WALLACH et al. 2014: 166
Hydrophis mamillaris — MONDAL et al. 2023 
DistributionIndian Ocean: Pakistan, India (Gujarat), Sri Lanka, Arabian peninsula ?

Type locality: "Vizagapatam." [=Vishakhapatnam, extreme northeastern Andhra Pradesh, India].  
TypesHolotype: lost, was BMNH 1861.12.30.38, a 650-660 mm male (R.H. Beddome). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Taylor 1965: 1052 

Habitat: marine.

Distribution: not known from Thailand fide Merel J. Cox (pers. comm., 27 Oct 2018). Reports from the Arabian peninsula (e.g. Corkill & Cochrane 1966) are doubtful; GBIF (June 2023) has no records from there. 
  • Corkill, N. L. and Cochrane, J. A. 1966. The snakes of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 62 (3): 475-506 (1965) - get paper here
  • Daudin, F. M. 1803. Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière des Reptiles. vol. 7. Paris: Dufart, 436 pp. [publication date fide Harper 1940] - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S., Nandhini, T., Samuel, V., Sreeraj, C., Abhilash, K., Purvaja, R., & Ramesh, R. 2019. Marine snakes of Indian coasts: historical resume, systematic checklist, toxinology, status, and identification key. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 11(1), 13132-13150 - get paper here
  • Kharin, V.E. 2005. On new findings of a rare sea snake Leioselasma czeblukovi Kharin, 1984, with remarks on species composition and taxonomical position of the genus Leioselasma Lacepede, 1804, (Serpentes: Hydrophiidae). Russian Journal of Marine Biology 31 (5): 269-272. - get paper here
  • Kharin, V.E. 2012. Sea Snakes of the Genus Chitulia Gray, 1849 (Serpentes: Hydrophiidae). The Taxonomic Status of Intrageneric Complexes. Russian Journal of Marine Biolog 38 (6): 456-458 - get paper here
  • Kharin, V.E. & Dotsenko I.B. 2012. The First Record of the Sea Snake Chitulia inornata Gray, 1849 from the Arabian Sea with Notes on the Composition of the Genus Chitulia Gray, 1849 (Serpentes: Hydrophiidae). [in Russian and English]. Russian Journal of Marine Biology 38 (1): 35–42 - get paper here
  • Kharin, Vladimir E. and Vladimir P. Czeblukov 2007. On First Reliable Record of the Sea Snake Chitulia belcheri (Gray, 1849) from Australian Waters, with Notes on Species Composition and Taxonomic Status of the Genus Chitulia (Serpentes, Hydrophiidae). Russian Journal of Marine Biology, 33 (3): 161–165. - get paper here
  • Kharin, Vladimir E.; Jakob Hallermann 2009. Annotated catalogue of sea kraits (Laticaudidae) and sea snakes (Hydrophiidae) of the herpetological collection of the Zoological Museum, University of Hamburg. Mitt. hamb. zool. Mus. Inst. 106: 51-67
  • McDowell, S. B. 1972. The genera of sea-snakes of the Hydrophis group (Serpentes: Elapidae). Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond 32: 189-247 - get paper here
  • Mondal, S., Ganesh, S. R., & Raghunathan, C. 2023. Some rare species of sea snakes (Squamata: Serpentes: Elapidae: Hydrophiinae: Hydrophis, Microcephalophis) from the Indian Coasts and nearby waters, lodged in major systematic Indian zoological collections. Bonn zoological Bulletin 72 (2): 209–222 - get paper here
  • Patel, Harshil; and Raju Vyas 2019. Reptiles of Gujarat, India: Updated Checklist, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Herpetology Notes 12: 765-777 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Somaweera, R. & N. Somaweera 2009. An overview of Sri Lankan Sea snakes with an annotated checklist and a field key. Taprobanica 1 (1): 43-54 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1965. The serpents of Thailand and adjacent waters. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 45 (9): 609-1096 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Present conservation scenario of reptile fauna in Gujarat State, India. Indian Forester, Oct 2007: 1381-1394 - get paper here
  • Wall, FRANK 1921. Ophidia Taprobanica or the Snakes of Ceylon. Colombo Mus. (H. R. Cottle, govt. printer), Colombo. xxii, 581 pages - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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