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Hydrophis semperi GARMAN, 1881

IUCN Red List - Hydrophis semperi - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Lake Taal Snake
G: Sempersche Ruderschlange, Taal-Seeschlange 
SynonymHydrophis semperi GARMAN 1881: 86
Distira semperi — BOULENGER 1896
Leioselasma semperi - KHARIN 1984
Leioselasma semperi — WELCH 1994: 72
Leioselasma semperi — KHARIN 2005
Hydrophis semperi — SANDERS et al.. 2012 (by implication)
Leioselasma semperi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 368 
DistributionPhilippines (Luzon: Lake Taal)

Type locality: Lake Taal, Luzon Island  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: MCZ R-4352 
CommentVenomous! One of the 2 sea snakes that has been recorded solely from fresh water (the other one being Laticauda crockeri).

Habitat: freshwater; this is one of a few “sea snakes” that appear to live exclusively in fresh water. Another one is H. sibauensis. 
References
  • GARCIA, Vhon Oliver S.; Rey Donne S.PAPA; Jonathan Carlo A.BRIONES; Norman MENDOZA; Noboru OKUDA; Arvin C.DIESMOS 2014. Food Habits and Distribution of the Lake Taal Sea Snake (Hydrophis semperi Garman 1881) and the Sympatric Little File Snake (Acrochordus granulatus Schneider 1799) in Lake Taal, Philippines. Asian Herpetological Research 5 (4): 255-262 doi 10.3724/SP.J.1245.2014.00255 - get paper here
  • Garman,S. 1881. New and little-known reptiles and fishes in the Museum collections. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 8: 85-93 - get paper here
  • Herre, Albert W. C. T. 1942. Notes on Philippine sea-snakes. Copeia 1942 (1): 7-9 - get paper here
  • Kharin V E 1984. A review of sea snakes of the group Hydrophis sensu lato (Serpentes, Hydrophiidae). 3. The genus Leioselasma [in Russian]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 63 (10): 1535-1546
  • Kharin, V.E. 2005. On new findings of a rare sea snake Leioselasma czeblukovi Kharin, 1984, with remarks on species composition and taxonomical position of the genus Leioselasma Lacepede, 1804, (Serpentes: Hydrophiidae). Russian Journal of Marine Biology 31 (5): 269-272.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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