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Hypsirhynchus ferox GÜNTHER, 1858

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Alsophiini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesHypsirhynchus ferox ferox GÜNTHER 1858
Hypsirhynchus ferox exedrus SCHWARTZ 1971
Hypsirhynchus ferox paracrousis SCHWARTZ 1971 
Common NamesHispaniola Cat-eyed Snake 
SynonymHypsirhynchus ferox GÜNTHER 1858:49
Hypsirhynchus ferox — COPE 1879: 273
Tropidonotus ferox — BOULENGER 1893: 241
Hypsirhynchus ferox — BOULENGER 1894: 117
Hypsirhynchus ferox — FISCHER 1888: 41
Hypsirhynchus ferox — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 612
Hypsirhynchus ferox — HEDGES et al. 2009
Hypsirhynchus ferox — GRAZZIOTIN et al. 2012
Hypsirhynchus ferox — WALLACH et al. 2014: 339 
DistributionHispaniola, Ile de la Gonave, Isla Saona

ferox: Hispaniola: Haiti and República Dominicana north of and including Plaine de Cul de Sac-Valle de Neiba; southern Haiti north and south of Massif de la Selle; Peninsula de Barahona. Type locality: 'Barbados"; restricted by Boulenger, 1894, to Santo Domingo; further restricted by Schwartz, 1971, to vicinity of Port-au-Prince, Département de l'Ouest, Haiti, but corrected to "República Dominicana" by Wetherbee, 1987.

exedrus: Isla Saona.

paracrousis: Île de la Gonâve.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.4.96
Holotype: USNM 167298 [exedrus]
Holotype: CM 52284 [paracrousis] 
CommentFor illustrations see Boulenger, 1894; Schwartz, 1971; Henderson and Schwartz, 1984.

Taxonomy: Hypsirhynchus ferox scalaris COPE 1863 has been elevated to full species status.

Type species: Hypsirhynchus ferox GÜNTHER 1858 is the type species of the genus Hypsirhynchus GÜNTHER 1858. According to GRAZZIOTIN et al. 2012 there are only 2 species in this genus: H. ferox and H. scalaris. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1879. Eleventh contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 18: 261-277. - get paper here
  • Fischer, J.G. 1888. Über eine Kollektion Reptilien und Amphibien von Hayti. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 5: 23-45. - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 24: 278-286. - get paper here
  • Grazziotin, Felipe G.; Hussam Zaher, Robert W. Murphy, Gustavo Scrocchi, Marco A. Benavides, Ya-Ping Zhang and Sandro L. Bonatto 2012. Molecular phylogeny of the New World Dipsadidae (Serpentes: Colubroidea): a reappraisal. Cladistics DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00393.x - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1858. Catalogue of Colubrine snakes of the British Museum. London, I - XVI, 1 - 281
  • Hedges, S. Blair; Arnaud Couloux; Vidal, Nicolas 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of West Indian racer snakes of the Tribe Alsophiini (Squamata, Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 2067: 1-28 - get paper here
  • Henderson, R.W., and Schwartz, A. 1984. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of Hispaniola. Spec. PubI. Milwaukee Public Mus. Biol. and Geol. (4):1-70.
  • Henderson, Robert W. 1984. The Diet of the Hispaniolan Snake Hypsirhynchus ferox (Colubridae) Amphibia-Reptilia 5 (3-4): 367 - 371 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1971. A systematic account of the Hispaniolan snake genus Hypsirhynchus. Stud. Fauna Curaçao and Carib. Is. 35:63-94. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Sosa, R. A., R. W. Henderson, and R. Powell. 1995. Hypsirhynchus, H. ferox. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (617) - get paper here
  • Vidal, Nicolas; Shannon G. Kindl, Alan Wong, and S. Blair Hedges 2000. Phylogenetic Relationships of Xenodontine Snakes Inferred from 12S and 16S Ribosomal RNA Sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution14 (3): 389–402 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wetherbee, D.K. 1987. Further contributions to the history of zoology in Hispaniola. Shebburne, MA, privatelyprinted: 114 pp.
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