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Hypsirhynchus melanichnus (COPE, 1862)

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Higher TaxaDipsadidae, Alsophiini, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesLa Vega Racer 
SynonymAlsophis melanichnus COPE 1862: 76
Alsophis melanichnus — GARMAN 1887: 283
Alsophis melanichnus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 572
Alsophis melanichnus — CROTHER 1999
Ocyophis melanichnus — ZAHER et al. 2009
Hypsirhynchus melanichnus — HEDGES et al. 2009
Ocyophis melanichnus — GRAZZIOTIN et al. 2012 
DistributionHispaniola (Haiti, W Dominican Republic)

Type locality: Near Jérémie, Département de la Grand'Anse, Haiti.  
TypesHolotype: Unlocated. 
CommentFor illustrations see Cochran, 1941.

Conservation: Possibly extinct. 
References
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1863. Synopsis of the species of Holcosus and Ameiva, with diagnoses of new West Indian and South American Colubridae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14 [1862]: 60-82. - get paper here
  • Crother, Brian I. 1999. PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS AMONG WEST INDIAN XENODONTINE SNAKES (SERPENTES; COLUBRIDAE) WITH COMMENTS ON THE PHYLOGENY OF SOME MAINLAND XENODONTINES. Contemporary Herpetology 2 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 24: 278-286. - get paper here
  • Grazziotin, Felipe G.; Hussam Zaher, Robert W. Murphy, Gustavo Scrocchi, Marco A. Benavides, Ya-Ping 2012. Molecular phylogeny of the New World Dipsadidae (Serpentes: Colubroidea): a reappraisal. Cladistics DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00393.x - get paper here
  • Hedges, S. Blair; Arnaud Couloux; Vidal, Nicolas 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of West Indian racer snakes of the Tribe Alsophiini (Squamata, Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 2067: 1-28 - get paper here
  • Powell, Robert ; Henderson, Robert W 1998. Alsophis melanichnus Cope. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 660: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Schwartz,A. & Henderson,R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Zaher, Hussam; Grazziotin, Felipe Gobbi; Cadle, John E.; Murphy, Robert W.; Moura-Leite, Julio Cesar 2009. Molecular phylogeny of advanced snakes (Serpentes, Caenophidia) with an emphasis on South American Xenodontines: a revised classification and descriptions of new taxa. Pap. Avulsos Zool. (São Paulo) 49 (11): 115-153 - get paper here
 
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