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Iberolacerta galani ARRIBAS, CARRANZA & ODIERNA, 2006

IUCN Red List - Iberolacerta galani - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Galan’s Rock Lizard 
SynonymIberolacerta galani ARRIBAS, CARRANZA & ODIERNA 2006
Lacerta monticola cantabrica — ELVIRA & VIGAL 1982 (partim)
"Lacerta" monticola — ARRIBAS 1996 (partim)
Lacerta (Iberolacerta) monticola cantabrica — CARRANZA et al. 2004 (partim)
Iberolacerta galani — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Lacerta (Iberolacerta) galani — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Iberolacerta galani — SPEYBROECK et al. 2020 
DistributionSpain (Montes de León, NW Iberia), elevation 1000-2000 m.

Type locality: "Laguna de los Peces (Zamora). Sa Segundera. 1700 m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: private collection (O. Arribas collection, OA 04082402), adult male, given as IPE 4000 (Instituto Pirenaico de Ecologia, Jaca, Spain, belonging to CSIC - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas), O. Arribas, leg. 25 Dec 2004. Types will be deposited in MNCN, O. Arribas, pers. comm., 31 Dec 2020. 
CommentIberolacerta galani sp. nov., is characterized by its relatively large size, high number of blue ocelli on the shoulders and the relatively frequent contact or near-contact between the supranasal and the first loreal scale, the fairly straight squamosal bone (only curved on its posterior part), a unique karyotype in Iberolacerta combining 2n=36 chromosomes, an L-type NOR and differentiated W and Z sex chromosomes, and unique mitochondrial DNA sequences for the cytochrome b and 12S rRNA genes.

This species has been previoulsy considered as Lacerta monticola cantabrica.

According to phylogenetic analyses, I. galani nov. is part of a very well supported clade that originated around 2.5 mya and also includes I. monticola and I. martinezricai.

herpetofauna and Natural History in general. 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Pedro Galán Regalado (Cee, 1955), from A Coruña(Spain), for his lifelong dedication to the study of NW Iberian (especially Galician)  
  • Arnold, E.N.; Arribas, O. & Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa 1430: 1-86 - get paper here
  • ARRIBAS, O.; S. CARRANZA & G. ODIERNA 2006. Description of a new endemic species of mountain lizard from Northwestern Spain: Iberolacerta galani sp. nov. (Squamata : Lacertidae). Zootaxa 1240: 1-55 - get paper here
  • Arribas, Oscar J. 1996. Taxonomic revision of the Iberian 'Archaeolacertae" I: A new interpretation of the geographical variation of ‘Lacerta’ monticola Boulenger 1905 and ‘Lacerta’ cyreni Müller & Hellmich 1937 (Squamata: Sauria: Lacertidae). Herpetozoa 9: 31-56 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Carranza, S.; E. N. Arnold & F. Amat 2004. DNA phylogeny of Lacerta (Iberolacerta) and other lacertine lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae): did competition cause long-term mountain restriction? Systematics and Biodiversity 2 (1): 57-77 - get paper here
  • Elvira, B. & Vigal, C.R. 1982. Nuevos datos sobre la distribución geográfica de Lacerta monticola cantabrica Mertens, 1929 (Sauria, Lacertidae). Doñana Acta Vertebrata, 9, 99–106
  • Kwet, A. 2007. Eine neue Gebirgseidechse aus Spanien [Iberolacerta galani]. Draco 7 (27): 82-84 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Liste der Reptilien Europas. Draco 15 (60): 72-79 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Reptilien der griechischen Ägäisinseln. Draco 15 (60): 58-65 - get paper here
  • Mencía, Abraham; Ortega, Zaida; Pérez-mellado, Valentín 2016. Chemical discrimination of sympatric snakes by the mountain lizard Iberolacerta galani (Squamata: Lacertidae). The Herpetological Journal 26 (2): 149-155 - get paper here
  • Ortega Z, Mencía A, Pérez-Mellado V. 2016. Are mountain habitats becoming more suitable for generalist than cold-adapted lizards thermoregulation? PeerJ 4:e2085 - get paper here
  • Remón, N., Vila, M., Galan, P. & Naveira, H. 2008. Isolation and characterization of polymorphic microsatellite markers in Iberolacerta monticola, and cross-species amplification in Iberolacerta galani and Zootoca vivipara. Molecular Ecology Resources 8: 1351-135 - get paper here
  • Remón, Nuria; Pedro Galán, Marta Vila, Oscar Arribas, Horacio Naveira 2013. Causes and Evolutionary Consequences of Population Subdivision of an Iberian Mountain Lizard, Iberolacerta monticola. PLoS One 8 (6): e66034. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Speybroeck, Jeroen; Wouter Beukema, Christophe Dufresnes, Uwe Fritz, Daniel Jablonski, Petros Lymberakis, Iñigo Martínez-Solano, Edoardo Razzetti, Melita Vamberger, Miguel Vences, Judit Vörös0, Pierre-André Crochet 2020. Species list of the European herpetofauna – 2020 update by the Taxonomic Committee of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica.. Amphibia-Reptilia 41: 139-189 - get paper here
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