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Ichnotropis tanganicana BOULENGER, 1917

IUCN Red List - Ichnotropis tanganicana - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Tanzanian rough-scaled lizard 
SynonymIchnotropis tanganicana BOULENGER 1917: 278
Ichnotropis tanganicana — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 18
Ichnotropis tanganicana — EDWARDS et al. 2013
Ichnotropis tanganicana — SPAWLS et al 2018: 203 
DistributionTanzania or Burundi (eastern bank of Lake Tanganyika)

Type locality: East coast of Lake Tanganyika (possibly from either Tanzania or Burundi)  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.9.3.49 ( 
CommentOnly known from the holotype (fide BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991).

Synonymy: The validity of this species is questioned by several authors, e.g. Berg 2017, although LOVERIDGE (1933), who examined the only specimen of I. tanganicana in London himself, is confident that I. tanganicana and I. bivittata are clearly distinguishable.

Abundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017). This is one of the species called 'lost' and 'rediscovered' by Lindken et al. 2024. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Berg, M.P. van den 2017. An annotated bibliographic history of Ichnotropis PETERS, 1854 (Reptilia, Lacertidae) with remarks on the validity of some of the including species. L@CERTIDAE (Eidechsen Online), 2017 [4]: 60-138. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1917. Descriptions of new lizards of the family Lacertidae. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 19: 277-279 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1921. Monograph of the Lacertidae, vol. 2. British Museum (London), 451 pp. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Caro, T. & Evans, O. & Fitzherbert, E. & Gardner, T.A. & Howell, K. & Drewes, R. & Shaffer, H.B. 2011. Reptiles of Katavi National Park, western Tanzania, are from different biomes. African Journal of Ecology, 49 (3): 377–382 - get paper here
  • EDWARDS, SHELLEY; WILLIAM R. BRANCH, BIEKE VANHOOYDONCK, ANTHONY HERREL, G. JOHN MEASEY, KRYSTAL A. TOLLEY 2013. Taxonomic adjustments in the systematics of the southern African lacertid lizards (Sauria: Lacertidae). Zootaxa 3669 (2): 101–114 - get paper here
  • Lindken T.; Anderson, C. V., Ariano-Sánchez, D., Barki, G., Biggs, C., Bowles, P., Chaitanya, R., Cronin, D. T., Jähnig, S. C., Jeschke, J. M., Kennerley, R. J., Lacher, T. E. Jr., Luedtke, J. A., Liu, C., Long, B., Mallon, D., Martin, G. M., Meiri, 2024. What factors influence the rediscovery of lost tetrapod species? Global Change Biology, 30: 1-18 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1933. Reports on the scientific Results of an Expedition to the Southwestem Highlands of Tanganyika Territory. VII. Herpetology. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 74: 197-415 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
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