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Iguana delicatissima LAURENTI, 1768

IUCN Red List - Iguana delicatissima - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaIguanidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: West Indian Iguana, Lesser Antillean Iguana
G: Karibischer Grüner Leguan 
SynonymIguana delicatissima LAURENTI 1768: 48
Iguana nudicollis MERREM 1820 (nom. substit.)
Amblyrhynchus delicatissima — WAGLER 1830: 148
Iguana Nudicollis — CUVIER 1831: 133
Iguana nudicollis — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 208
Iguana delicatissima — BOULENGER 1885: 191
Iguana delicatissima — LAZELL 1973: 18
Iguana delicatissima — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 418 
DistributionLesser Antilles: Anguilla, St. Martin, Ile Fourchue, Les Iles Fregates, Ile Chevreau, St. Barthelemy, Gros îlet, St. Eustatius, Nevis, Antigua, Guadeloupe, La Desirade, Ile des Saintes, Dominica, Martinique, Barbuda,
St. Kitts

Type locality: Indiis  
Reproductionoviparous. Iguana delicatissima and I. iguana hybridize in nature (Breuil et al. 2009). 
TypesHolotype: MZUT (Zool. Mus. Torino), unlocated 
CommentFor illustrations see Lazell, 1973; Wijffels, 1976.

Hybridization: I. iguana and I. delicatissima hybridize in nature (van den Burg et al. 2018). 
EtymologyThe Latin adjectives delicatus, "delightful," and the superlative -issimus, "very," are the roots of this name. 
References
  • Alberts, A.C.; Carter, R.L.; Hayes, W.K. & Martins, E.P. (eds.) 2004. Iguanas - Biology and Conservation. University of California Press, 356 pp.
  • Avery, D. F.;Tanner, W. W. 1971. Evolution of the iguanine lizards (Sauria, Iguanidae) as determined by osteological and myological characters. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin 12 (3): 1-79
  • Barbour, Thomas 1923. West Indian investigations of 1922. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (132): 1-9 - get paper here
  • Bochaton, Corentin; Sandrine Grouard, Michel Breuil, Ivan Ineich, Anne Tresset, and Salvador Bailon 2016. Osteological Differentiation of the Iguana Laurenti, 1768 (Squamata: Iguanidae) Species: Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758) and Iguana delicatissima Laurenti, 1768, with some Comments on their Hybrids Journal of Herpetology 50 (2): 295-305 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Breuil, Michel; Fortuné Guiougou; Karl Questel; Béatrice Ibéné 2009. Modifications du peuplement les Antilles françaises, 2 ème partie. Le Courrier de la Nature n° 251: 36-43
  • Buckley, Larry J.; Kevin de Queiroz, Tandora D. Grant, Bradford D. Hollingsworth, John B. Iverson (Chair, <br />Stesha A. Pasachnik, and Catherine L. Stephen (Iguana Taxonomy Working Group, ITWG 2016. A Checklist of the Iguanas of the World (Iguanidae; Iguaninae). Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (Monograph 6) - get paper here
  • Bukowsky, J. & Feldmann, B. 2016. Sensationelle Leguan-Nachzucht im Tiergarten Schönbrunn. Reptilia 21 (122): 12 - get paper here
  • Burg, Matthijs P van den; Patrick G Meirmans, Tim van Wagensveld, Bart Kluskens, Hannah Madden, Mark E Welch, Johannes A J Breeuwer; 2018. The Lesser Antillean Iguana (Iguana delicatissima) on St. Eustatius: genetically depauperate and threatened by ongoing hybridization. Journal of Heredity, esy008 - get paper here
  • Conrad, J.L. & Norell, M.A. 2010. Cranial Autapomorphies in Two Species of Iguana (Iguanidae: Squamata). Journal of Herpetology 44 (2): 307–312 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1886. On the species of Iguaninae. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 23 (122): 261-271 - get paper here
  • Cuvier, G. 1831. The Animal Kingdom arranged in conformity with its organization, by the Baron Cuvier, ... with additional descriptions of all the species hitherto named, and of many not before noticed, by Edward Griffith... and others. Vol. 9. Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London, 481 pp. - get paper here
  • Daltry, Jennifer C. 2007. An introduction to the herpetofauna of Antigua, Barbuda and Redonda, with some conservation recommendations. Applied Herpetology 4 (2): 97-130. - get paper here
  • Debrot, Adolphe O. and Erik Boman. 2014. Iguana delicatissima (Lesser Antillean iguana) mortality. Herpetological Review 45 (1): 129
  • Debrot, Adolphe O., Erik Boman, Steve Piontek and Hannah Madden. 2014. Iguana delicatissima (Lesser Antillean iguana) reproduction. Herpetological Review 45 (1): 129-130
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Knapp, Charles R.; Lindon Prince, and Arlington James 2016. Movements and Nesting of the Lesser Antillean Iguana (Iguana delicatissima) from Dominica, West Indies:<br />Implications for Conservation. Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (Monograph 6) - get paper here
  • Koleska, Daniel and Daniel Jablonski 2018. A four-tailed Iguana delicatissima (Squamata: Iguanidae) on Petite Terre, Guadeloupe (Lesser Antilles, Caribbean Region) Phyllomedusa 17 (1): 157-159 - get paper here
  • Laurenti, J. N. 1768. Specimen medicum, exhibens synopsin reptilium emendatam cum experimentis circa venena et antidota reptilium austracorum, quod authoritate et consensu. Vienna, Joan. Thomae, 217 pp. - get paper here
  • Lazell, James D., Jr 1973. The lizard genus Iguana in the Lesser Antilles. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 145 (1): 1-28 - get paper here
  • Lorvelec O. 2012. Iguana delicatissima (Lesser Antillean Iguana). Conservation. Caribbean Herpetology 29: 1 - get paper here
  • Malhotra, Anita; Thorpe, Roger S.; Hypolite, Eric; James, Arlington. 2007. A report on the status of the herpetofauna of the Commonwealth of Dominica, West Indies. Applied Herpetology 4 (2):177-194 - get paper here
  • Merrem, B. 1820. Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien I (Tentamen Systematis Amphibiorum). J. C. Kriegeri, Marburg, 191 pp.
  • PALACIOS-AGUILAR, RICARDO & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2018. An updated checklist of the herpetofauna from Guerrero, Mexico. Zootaxa 4422 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Questel K, Jarry C, Blanjot A. 2012. Iguana delicatissima (Lesser Antillean Iguana). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 32: 1 - get paper here
  • Schardt, M. 1998. Freilanduntersuchungen zur Lebensweise und Ökologie von Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758) auf der Karibikinsel Terre de Haute, mit einer Bemerkung zum sympatrischen Vorkommen mit Iguana delicatissima Laurenti, 1768. Sauria 20 (3): 15-21 - get paper here
  • Schardt, M. 2003. Morphologie und Färbung des Karibischen Grünen Leguans (Iguana delicatissima). Reptilia (Münster) 8 (44): 47-49 - get paper here
  • Schardt, M.; Mutschmann, F. & Werning, H. 2009. Grüne Leguane, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 312 pp. - get paper here
  • Wagler, Jean G. 1830. Natürliches System der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification der Säugetiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie. 1.0. Cotta, München, Stuttgart, and Tübingen, 354 pp.
  • Wiens, J. J., and B. D. Hollingsworth 2000. War of the iguanas: conflicting molecular and morphological phylogenies and long-branch attraction in iguanid lizards. Systematic Biology 49:143–159 - get paper here
  • Wijffels, L.C.M. 1976. De Antillenleguaan. Lacerta 34 (11):135-136. - get paper here
 
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