You are here » home advanced search Imantodes cenchoa

Imantodes cenchoa (LINNAEUS, 1758)

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaDipsadidae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesImantodes cenchoa cenchoa (LINNAEUS 1758)
Imantodes cenchoa leucomelas (COPE 1861)
Imantodes cenchoa semifasciatus (COPE 1894) 
Common NamesE: Blunthead Tree Snake
G: Riemennatter 
SynonymImantodes cenchoa cenchoa (LINNAEUS 1758)
Coluber Cenchoa LINNAEUS 1758: 226
Bungarus cencoalt OPPEL 1810: 392 (in errore)
Dipsas weigelii FITZINGER 1826 (nom. subst. pro cenchoa WIED)
Imantodes cenchoa - DUMÉRIL 1853: 507
Imantodes cenehoa — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1065 (in error)
Himantodes cenchoa - COPE 1860
Himantodes leucomelas COPE 1861: 296
Himantodes cenchoa — COPE 1879: 271
Dipsas cenchoa reticulata MÜLLER 1882 (nomen nudum fide SMITH et al.)
Dipsas cenchoa rhombeata MÜLLER 1882 (nomen nudum fide SMITH et al.)
Dipsas cenchoa — GARMAN 1887: 285
Himantodes platycephalus COPE 1899: 15
Imantodes cenchoa cenchoa - PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 133
Imantodes cenchoa cenchoa — DUELLMAN 1978: 244
Imantodes cenchoa cenchoa — GASC & RODRIGUES 1980
Imantodes cenchoa cenchoa - CEI 1993
Imantodes cenchoa — LINER 1994
Imantodes cenchoa — KORNACKER 1999: 91
Imantodes cenchoa cenchoa — BOOS 2001
Imantodes cenchoa — SAVAGE 2002

Imantodes cenchoa semifasciatus (COPE 1894)
Himantodes semifasciatus COPE 1894: 614
Himantodes anisolepis COPE 1894: 614
Himantodes hemigenius COPE 1899: 16
Imantodes cenchoa semifasciatus — SMITH 1942: 385
Imantodes cenchoa semifasciatus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 134 
DistributionS Mexico (incl. Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas, Veracruz), Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia (Caldas etc.), Venezuela (Mérida etc.), French Guiana, Brazil (São Paulo [HR 27: 34], Paraná [HR 27: 216], Santa Catarina [HR 31: 55], Distrito Federal, Goias, Bahia), Bolivia, Paraguay, N Peru, Trinidad, Tobago, Argentina (Chaco), Ecuador; elevation (Honduras): 0-1620 m

Type locality: “America” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: MCZ R-27800 but unknown fide PETERS 1960.
Syntypes: (2) ANSP 4138-39 [semifasciatus] 
CommentType species: Coluber cenchoa LINNAEUS 1758 is the type species of the genus Imantodes DUMÉRIL 1853.

Tribus Imantodini. MYERS 2011 erected the new tribus Imantodini for the genera Leptodeira and Imantodes. In addition to molecular support, the loss of bifurcation of the sulcus spermaticus (Imantodes and some Leptodeira) or reduction to a small terminal fork or expanded flat area (other Leptodeira) sets off the mainly scansorial Imantodini from all other Dipsadinae except the terrestrial Mesoamerican-North American night-snakes, which appear to form an unnamed clade.

Synonymy partly after CEI 1993 who doesn’t recognize the three subspecies as given by PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. Kaiser et al. 2013 rejected the (sub-) generic names Maclachlanus Hoser 2012, Maconchieus Hoser 2012, Neilsimpsonus Hoser 2012 invalid and rejected their use instead of Imantodes.

Size: Max. total length; 80 cm

Abundance: Relative abundance in Honduras: infrequent 
References
  • Almendariz, A. 1991. Anfibios y Reptiles [del Ecuador]. Rev. Politecnica. XVI (3): 89-162.
  • Arteaga AF, Bustamante-Enríquez LM and Guayasamin JM 2013. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Mindo. http://www.tropicalherping.com - get paper here
  • Aveiro-Lins, G.; Rocha-Barbosa, O.; Salomao, M.G.; Puorto, G.; Loguercio, M.F.C. 2006. Topographical anatomy of the blunthead treesnake, Imantodes cenchoa (Linnaeus, 1758) (Colubridae: Xenodontinae). International Journal of Morphology 24(1):43-48.
  • Barrio-Amorós, César L. & Brewer-Carias, Charles 2008. Herpetological results of the 2002 expedition to Sarisari–ama, a tepui in Venezuelan Guayana, with the description of five new species. Zootaxa 1942: 1-68 - get paper here
  • Bernarde, Paulo Sérgio;, Reginaldo Assêncio Machado & Luiz Carlos Batista Turci 2011. Herpetofauna da área do Igarapé Esperança na Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade, Acre – Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 11 (3): 117-144 - get paper here
  • Bérnils, R.S.; Batista, M.A. & Bertelli, P.W. 2001. Cobras e lagartos do Vale: levantamento das espécies de Squamata (Reptilia, Lepidosauria) da Bacia do Rio Itajai, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Rev. Est. Ambientais (Blumenau) 3 (1): 69-79
  • Boos, H.E.A. 2001. The snakes of Trinidad and Tobago. Texas A&M University Press, 270 pp.
  • Campos Nogueira, C. de 2001. New records of Squamate Reptiles in Central Brazilian Cerrado II: Brasília Region. Herpetological Review 32 (4): 285-287 - get paper here
  • Castro-Herrera, F. & Vargas-Salinas, F. 2008. Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 9 (2): 251 - 277 - get paper here
  • Castro-Herrera, F.; Bolívar-García, W. & Herrera-Montes, M.I. 2007. Guía de los Anfibios y Reptiles des Bosque de Yotoco, Valle deel Cauca, Colombia. Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia, 70 pp. - get paper here
  • Cei, J. M. 1993. Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina. Museo Regionale Sci. Naturale Torino, Monografie 14: 1-949
  • Charles W. Myers 2011. A New Genus and New Tribe for Enicognathus melanauchen Jan, 1863, a Neglected South American Snake (Colubridae: Xenodontinae), with Taxonomic Notes on Some Dipsadinae. American Museum Novitates (3715): 1-33 - get paper here
  • Cisneros-Heredia, Diego F. 2006. Notes on the distribution and natural history of the Bluntheaded vine snake, Imantodes cenchoa, in Ecuador. Herpetological Bulletin 97:4-7.
  • Claessen, H. 2003. De slangen van de Guyanas Deel VI. Lacerta 61 (5): 177-187 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1861. Contributions to the ophiology of Lower California, Mexico and Central America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 13: 292-306 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1879. Eleventh contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 18: 261-277.
  • Cope, E.D. 1894. On the species of Himantodes Dumeril and Bibron. American Naturalist 28: 612-614 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1899. Contributions to the herpetology of New Granada and Argentina, with descriptions of new forms. Philadelphia Mus. Sci. Bull. (1): 1-19
  • Cortés Gómez, Angela María; Anyelet Valencia Aguilar, Diana Marcela Torres Domínguez, Lina Marí 2010. Guía de los anfibios y reptiles. Área en conservación de la microcuenca Quebrada Pericos. [Valle de Cauca, Colombia] Corporación Autónoma Regional del Valle del Cauca, Santiago de Cali: CVC, 37 pp. - get paper here
  • Duellman, W. E. 1978. The biology of an equatorial herpetofauna in Amazonian Ecuador. Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 65: 1-352 - get paper here
  • Duellman, W.E., & Salas, A.W. 1991. Annotated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Cuzco Amazonico, Peru Occas. Papers Mus. of Natur. Hist., Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence (143): 13 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C., BIBRON, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Duméril, ANDRÉ MARIE CONSTANT 1853. Prodrome de la classifcation des reptiles ophidiens. Mém. Acad. Sci., Paris, 23: 399-536
  • Eisenberg, Tobias 2013. Auf der Suche nach Amphibien und Reptilien am Amazonas Terraria Elaphe 2014 (1): 36-45 (2013) - get paper here
  • Esqueda,L.F. & La Marca,E. 1999. New Reptilian species records from the Cordillera de Mérida, Andes of Venezuela. Herpetological Review 30 (4): 238-240 - get paper here
  • Fitzinger,L. 1826. Neue Classification der Reptilien nach ihren natürlichen Verwandtschaften nebst einer Verwandschafts-Tafel und einem Verzeichnisse der Reptilien-Sammlung des K. K. Zoologischen Museums zu Wien. J. G. Heubner, Wien, 66 pp. - get paper here
  • Frota, J.G. da; Pedroso dos Santos-Jr, Alfredo; Menezes-Chalkidis, H. de & Guimarães Guedes, A. 2005. AS SERPENTES DA REGIÃO DO BAIXO RIO AMAZONAS, OESTE DO ESTADO DO PARÁ, BRASIL (SQUAMATA). Biociências 13 (2): 211-220
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 24: 278-286. - get paper here
  • Gasc & Rodrigues 1980. Liste preliminaire des Serpents de la Guyane francaise. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris 2 (4): 559-598
  • Gorzula, Stefan & Senaris, J. Celsa 1999. In: Contribution to the herpetofauna of the Venezuelan Guayana. I: a data base. Scientia Guaianae, Caracas, No. 8 [1998], 269+ pp.; ISBN 980-6020-48-0
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Henderson, Robert W.; Max A. Nickerson 1976. Observations on the Behavioral Ecology of Three Species of Imantodes (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae). Journal of Herpetology 10 (3): 205-210
  • Hoogmoed M.S.; de Avila-Pires T C S 1991. Annotoated checklist of the herpetofauna of Petit Saut, Sinnamary River, French Guiana. Zoologische Mededelingen 65: 53-88 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R.T. 2012. A review of the South American snake genera Leptodeira and Imantodes including three new genera and two new subgenera (Serpentes: Dipsadidae: Imantodini). Australasian J. Herpetol. 12:40–47. - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Kornacker,P.M. 1999. Checklist and key to the snakes of Venezuela. PaKo-Verlag, Rheinbach, Germany, 270 pp.
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. & Lara, J. 2002. Die Schlangenfauna von Pozuzo (Peru) (Reptilia: Serpentes). Faun. Abh. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 22 (2): 353-359
  • Linares, Antônio Meira and Paula Cabral Eterovick 2013. Herpetofaunal Surveys Support Successful Reconciliation Ecology in Secondary and Human-Modified Habitats at the Inhotim Institute, Southeastern Brazil Herpetologica 69 (2): 237-256. - get paper here
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Markezich, A.L. 2002. New distribution records of reptiles from Western Venezuela. Herpetological Review 33 (1): 69-74 - get paper here
  • Marques, Otavio A. V. 1996. Geographic Distribution. Imantodes cenchoa Herpetological Review 27 (1): 34 - get paper here
  • Martin, Plul S. 1958. A biogeography of reptiles and amphibians in the Gomez Farias Region, Tamaulipas, Mexico Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (101): 1-102 + 7 plates - get paper here
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McCranie, J. & Castañeda, F.E. 2005. The herpetofauna of Parque Nacional Pico Bonito, Honduras. Phyllomedusa 4 (1): 3-16 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R., Leonardo Valdés Orellana and Alexander Gutsche. 2013. New departmental records for amphibians and reptiles in Honduras. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 288-289
  • Medina-RanGel, Guido Fabián 2013. CAMBIO EstACIOnAl En El UsO DE lOs RECURsOs DE lA COMUnIDAD DE REptIlEs En El COMplEJO CEnAgOsO DE ZApAtOsA, DEpARtAMEntO DEl CEsAR (Colombia). Caldasia 35 (1):103-122
  • Mendes-Pinto, T. J. & S. Marques de Souza 2011. Preliminary assessment of amphibians and reptiles from Floresta Nacional do Trairão, with a new snake record for the Pará state, Brazilian Amazon. Salamandra 47 (4): 199-206 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1972. Herpetofauna tobagana Stuttgarter Beitr. zur Naturkunde nr. 252 22 pp. - get paper here
  • Myers, C W 1982. Blunt-headed vine snakes (Imantodes) in Panama, including a new species and other revisionary notes. American Museum Novitates (2738): 1-50 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, Kirsten E., James R. McCranie and Gunther Köhler 2000. Herpetofaunal expedition to Parque Nacional Patuca: a newly established park in Honduras. Herpetological Bulletin (72):26-31.
  • Oppel, M. 1810. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 16: 392
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno,A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Peters , J. A. 1960. The snakes of Ecuador; check list and key Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 122: 489-541 - get paper here
  • Pizzatto, Lígia; Maurício Cantor, Juliana Lima de Oliveira, Otavio A.V. Marques, Vinicius Capovilla, 2008. Reproductive Ecology of Dipsadine Snakes, With Emphasis on South American Species Herpetologica 64 (2): 168-179 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Rojas-Morales, Julián Andrés 2012. Snakes of an urban-rural landscape in the central Andes of Colombia: species composition, distribution, and natural history. Phyllomedusa 11 (2): 135-
  • Savage, J. M., & SCOTT, NORMAN J. 1987. The Imantodes (Serpentes: Colubridae) of Costa Rica: Two or three species? Revista de Biologia Tropical 33: 107-132. - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Scott Jr., N.J. & Limerick, S. 1983. Reptiles and Amhibians. In: Janzen, D.H. (ed.) Costa Rican Natural History. Univeristy of Chicago Press, pp. 351-
  • Silva, F.M.; A.C. Menks; A.L.C. Prudente; J.C.L. Costa; A.E.M. Travassos; U. Galatti. 2011. Squamate Reptiles from municipality of Barcarena and surroundings, state of Pará, north of Brazil. Check List 7 (3): 220-226
  • Smith, H-M; Ramirez-Bautista, A; Chiszar, D. 1995. The nomenclatural status of Muller's two varietal names of Dipsas cenchoa (Reptilia: Serpentes). Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 31 (4): 198-203
  • Smith, Hobart 1942. Mexican herpetological miscellany. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 92 (3153): 349-395 - get paper here
  • Starace, Fausto 1998. Guide des Serpents et Amphisbènes de Guyane. IBIS Rouge Editions, Guadeloupe, Guyane, 450 pp.
  • Stuart, L. C. 1935. A contribution to a knowledge of the herpetology of a portion of the savanna region of Central Peten, Guatemala University of Michigan Museum of Zoology Miscellaneous Publications 29: 1-56 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O., Yánez-Muñoz MH, Quirola D, Smith EN, Almendáriz A 2012. A new species of blunt-headed vine snake (Colubridae, Imantodes) from the Chocó region of Ecuador. ZooKeys 244: 91–110. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.244.3950 - get paper here
  • Townsend, J. H., L. D. Wilson, M. Medina-Flores, E. Aguilar-Urbina, B. K. Atkinson et al. 2012. A premontane hotspot for herpetological endemism on the windward side of Refugio de Vida Silvestre Texíguat, Honduras. Salamandra 48 (2): 92-114 - get paper here
  • Urbina-Cardona, J. Nicolás; Mario Olivares-Pérez, Víctor Hugo Reynoso 2006. Herpetofauna diversity and microenvironment correlates across a pasture–edge–interior ecotone in tropical rainforest fragments in the Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Reserve of Veracruz, Mexico. Biological Conservation 132: 61–75
  • Vaz-Silva, W. et al. 2007. Herpetofauna, Espora Hydroelectric Power Plant, state of Goiás, Brazil. Check List 3 (4): 338-345 - get paper here
  • Whithworth, A. & Beirne, C. 2011. Reptiles of the Yachana Reserve. Global Vision International, 130 pp. - get paper here
  • Wilson, L.D. & McCranie, J.R. 2003. The herpetofauna of the cloud forests of Honduras. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 3 (1): 34-48 - get paper here
  • Zug, G. R., S. B. Hedges, and S. Sunkel. 1979. Variation in reproductive parameters of three neotropical snakes, Coniophanes fissidens, Dipsas catesbyi, and Imantodes cenchoa. Smithsonian Contr. Zool. 300:1-20 - get paper here
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator