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Imantodes gemmistratus (COPE, 1861)

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Higher TaxaDipsadidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesImantodes gemmistratus gemmistratus (COPE 1861)
Imantodes gemmistratus gracillimus (GÜNTHER 1895)
Imantodes gemmistratus latistratus (COPE 1887)
Imantodes gemmistratus luciodorsus OLIVER 1942
Imantodes gemmistratus oliveri SMITH 1942
Imantodes gemmistratus reticulatus (MÜLLER 1882)
Imantodes gemmistratus splendidus (GÜNTHER 1895) 
Common NamesCentral American Tree Snake 
SynonymHimantodes gemmistratus COPE 1861: 296
Dipsas gracillima - GÜNTHER 1895 (fide VILLA et al. 1988)
Dipsas splendida - GÜNTHER 1895 (fide VILLA et al. 1988)
Himantodes hemigenius COPE 1899
Himantodes gemmistratus — BARBOUR & COLE 1906: 151
Imantodes gemmistratus — SMITH 1942: 385
Imantodes gemmistratus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 134
Imantodes gemnistratus [sic] — PÉREZ-SANTOS & MORENO 1988
Imantodes gemmistratus - VILLA et al. 1988
Imantodes gemmistratus — LINER 1994
Imantodes gemmistratus — SAVAGE 2002

Imantodes gemmistratus gemmistratus (COPE 1861)
Himantodes gemmistratus COPE 1861: 296
Himantodes cenchoa var. elegans JAN 1871
Leptognathus stratissima COPE 1886: 280
Imantodes gemmistratus gemmistratus — PETERS 1954: 24
Imantodes gemmistratus gemmistratus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970

Imantodes gemmistratus latistratus (COPE 1887)
Dipsas gemmistrata latistrata COPE 1887: 68
Imantodes latistratus — ZWEIFEL 1959
Imantodes gemmistratus latistratus — WEBB 1984

Imantodes gemmistratus luciodorsus OLIVER 1942
Imantodes luciodorsus OLIVER 1942
Imantodes gemmistratus luciodorsus — SMITH & BRANDON 1968: 60
Imantodes gemmistratus luciodorsus — KLUGE 1984: 58

Imantodes gemmistratus oliveri SMITH 1942
Imantodes splendidus oliveri SMITH 1942: 388
Imantodes gemmistratus oliveri — PETERS 1954: 23
Imantodes gemmistratus oliveri — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970
Imantodes gemmistratus reticulatus KRAMER 1978 (fide SMITH et al. 1995) 
DistributionMexico (Morelos, S Sonora, Sinaloa, Veracruz, Yucatan, Jalisco, Querétaro [HR 27: 213], Puebla, Campeche, Guerrero, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Hidalgo), Guatemala, Honduras, Belize ?, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama
Colombia [Castro,F. (pers. comm.)]

gracilimus: Mexico: Jalisco.

latistratus: Mexico; Type locality: Mexico, Valley of Toluca.

luciodorsus: Mexico (Campeche); Type locality: Balchacaj, across lake from Ciudad del Carmen.

Type locality: El Salvador Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesSyntypes: USNM
Syntypes: (3) ANSP 11302, 11677 (2 specs.) [latistratus]
Holotype: UMMZ [luciodorsus] 
CommentImantodes gemmistratus gracillimus has been considered as a valid species, i.e. Imantodes gracillimus, e.g. Ponce-Campos & Huerta-Ortega (1998: 177).

Behavior: nocturnal, shy

Synonymy partly after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. 
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