You are here » home advanced search Imantodes gemmistratus

Imantodes gemmistratus (COPE, 1861)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Imantodes gemmistratus?

Add your own observation of
Imantodes gemmistratus »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesImantodes gemmistratus gemmistratus (COPE 1861)
Imantodes gemmistratus gracillimus (GÜNTHER 1895)
Imantodes gemmistratus latistratus (COPE 1887)
Imantodes gemmistratus luciodorsus OLIVER 1942
Imantodes gemmistratus oliveri SMITH 1942
Imantodes gemmistratus splendidus (GÜNTHER 1895) 
Common NamesCentral American Tree Snake 
SynonymHimantodes gemmistratus COPE 1861: 296
Dipsas cenchoa reticulata MÜLLER 1882 (nom. nud. fide WALLACH et al. 2014)
Dipsas gracillima - GÜNTHER 1895 (fide VILLA et al. 1988)
Dipsas splendida - GÜNTHER 1895 (fide VILLA et al. 1988)
Himantodes hemigenius COPE 1899
Himantodes gemmistratus — BARBOUR & COLE 1906: 151
Imantodes gemmistratus — SMITH 1942: 385
Imantodes gemmistratus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 134
Imantodes gemnistratus [sic] — PÉREZ-SANTOS & MORENO 1988
Imantodes gemmistratus - VILLA et al. 1988
Imantodes gemmistratus — LINER 1994
Imantodes gemmistratus — SAVAGE 2002
Imantodes gemmistratus — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015
Imantodes gemmistratus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 348

Imantodes gemmistratus gemmistratus (COPE 1861)
Himantodes gemmistratus COPE 1861: 296
Himantodes cenchoa var. elegans JAN 1871
Leptognathus stratissima COPE 1886: 280
Imantodes gemmistratus gemmistratus — PETERS 1954: 24
Imantodes gemmistratus gemmistratus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970

Imantodes gemmistratus gracillimus (GÜNTHER 1895)
Dipsas gracillima GÜNTHER 1895: 177
Himantodes gracillimus — BOULENGER 1896: 87
Imantodes gracillimus — SMITH 1942: 387

Imantodes gemmistratus latistratus (COPE 1887)
Dipsas gemmistrata latistrata COPE 1887: 68
Imantodes latistratus — SMITH 1942: 387
Imantodes latistratus — ZWEIFEL 1959
Imantodes gemmistratus latistratus — WEBB 1984

Imantodes gemmistratus luciodorsus OLIVER 1942
Imantodes luciodorsus OLIVER 1942
Imantodes splendidus luciodorsus — SMITH 1942: 388
Imantodes gemmistratus luciodorsus — SMITH & BRANDON 1968: 60
Imantodes gemmistratus luciodorsus — KLUGE 1984: 58

Imantodes gemmistratus oliveri SMITH 1942
Imantodes splendidus oliveri SMITH 1942: 388
Imantodes gemmistratus oliveri — PETERS 1954: 23
Imantodes gemmistratus oliveri — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970
Imantodes gemmistratus reticulatus KRAMER 1978 (fide SMITH et al. 1995)

Imantodes gemmistratus splendidus (GÜNTHER 1895)
Dipsas splendida GÜNTHER 1895: 176
Himantodes splendidus — SCHMIDT & ANDREWS 1936: 176
Imantodes splendidus splendidus SMITH 1942: 388 
DistributionMexico (Morelos, S Sonora, Sinaloa, Veracruz, Yucatan, Jalisco, Querétaro [HR 27: 213], Puebla, Campeche, Guerrero, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Hidalgo), Guatemala, Honduras, Belize ?, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama
Colombia [Castro,F. (pers. comm.)]

gracilimus: Mexico: Jalisco, Guerrero

latistratus: Mexico (Nayarit south to Guerrero); Type locality: Mexico, Valley of Toluca.

luciodorsus: Mexico (from C Veracruz through Campeche and Chiapas into Guatemala); Type locality: Balchacaj, across lake from Ciudad del Carmen.

oliveri: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, probably to Nayarit); Type locality: “Tapanatepec, Oaxaca”.

splendidus: Mexico (N Yucatan); Type locality: Yucatan.

Type locality: El Salvador Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesSyntypes: USNM
Syntypes: (3) ANSP 11302, 11677 (2 specs.) [latistratus]
Holotype: UMMZ [luciodorsus]
Holotype: MCZ 27800, paratypes: MCZ, USNM [oliveri]
Holotype: ZSM 30/0 (lost) [Himantodes cenchoa var. elegans] 
CommentImantodes gemmistratus gracillimus has been considered as a valid species, i.e. Imantodes gracillimus, e.g. Ponce-Campos & Huerta-Ortega (1998: 177).

Behavior: nocturnal, shy

Synonymy partly after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. 
  • Barbour, T., and L. J. Cole. 1906. Vertebrata from Yucatan. Reptilia, Amphibia and Pisces. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 50: 146-159 - get paper here
  • Calderon, R.; Cedeño-Vázquez, J.R. & Pozo, C. 2003. New distributional records for amphibians and reptiles from Campeche, Mexico. Herpetological Review 34 (3): 269-272 - get paper here
  • Canseco-Marquez,L.; Gutierrez-Mayen,G. & Salazar-Arenas,J. 2000. New records and range extensions for amphibians and reptiles from Puebla, México. Herpetological Review 31 (4): 259-263 - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Castro-Franco, Rubén, María Guasalupe Bustos-Zagal 1994. List of reptiles of Morelos, Mexico, and their distribution in relation to vegetation types. Southwestern Naturalist 39 (2): 171-175 - get paper here
  • Charruau, Pierre, Marcos A. Morales-Garduz, José G. Reyes-Trinidad and Mayra A. Ramírez-Pérez. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Imantodes gemmistratus (Central American tree snake). Herpetological Review 46 (1): 62
  • Cope, E.D. 1861. Contributions to the ophiology of Lower California, Mexico and Central America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 13: 292-306 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1886. Thirteenth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 23: 271-287 [1885] - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2010. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Queretaro, Mexico. Tlalnepantla UNAM, 428 pp.
  • Enderson, Erik F.; Thomas R. Van Devender, Robert L. Bezy 2014. Amphibians and reptiles of Yécora, Sonora and the Madrean Tropical Zone of the Sierra Madre Occidental in northwestern Mexico. Check List 10 (4): 913-926 - get paper here
  • Gaige,H. 1936. Some reptiles and amphibians from Yucatan and Campeche, Mexico. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Publ., (457): 289-304.
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Henderson, Robert W.; Max A. Nickerson 1976. Observations on the Behavioral Ecology of Three Species of Imantodes (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae). Journal of Herpetology 10 (3): 205-210 - get paper here
  • Hernández-Olascoaga, Pierre Charruau Arturo and Marco A. López-Luna. 2016. Imantodes gemmistratus. Endoparasites. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (2): 499 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1870. Iconographie générale des ophidiens, Vol. 3, Livraisons 35-50. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris, (Milan ?), 188 pp. - get paper here
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1952. Die Amphibien und Reptilien von El Salvador. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) (No. 487): 120 pp.
  • MISSASSI, ALEXANDRE F. R. & ANA L. C. PRUDENTE 2015. A new species of Imantodes Duméril, 1853 (Serpentes, Dipsadidae) from the Eastern Cordillera of Colombia. Zootaxa 3980 (4): 562–574
  • Mulcahy, D.G. 2007. Molecular systematics of neotropical cat-eyed snakes: a test of the monophyly of Leptodeirini (Colubridae: Dipsadinae) with implications for character evolution and biogeography. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 92: 483–500 - get paper here
  • Myers, C W 1982. Blunt-headed vine snakes (Imantodes) in Panama, including a new species and other revisionary notes. American Museum Novitates (2738): 1-50 - get paper here
  • Oliver, James A. 1942. A new snake of the genus Imantodes from Mexico. Copeia 1942 (1): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Peters, James A. 1954. The amphibians and reptiles of the coast and coastal sierra of Michoacán, Mexico. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (554): 1-37
  • Ponce-Campos,P. & Huerta-Ortega,S.M. 1998. Imantodes gracillimus (Slender Blunthead Tree Snake). Mexico: Jalisco. Herpetological Review 29 (3): 177 - get paper here
  • Santos-Bibiano, R. and R. Palacios-Aguilar 2016. Geographic Distribution: Imantodes gemmistratus (Central American Tree Snake). Herpetological Review 47(3): 426.
  • Savage, J. M., & SCOTT, NORMAN J. 1987. The Imantodes (Serpentes: Colubridae) of Costa Rica: Two or three species?. Revista de Biologia Tropical 33: 107-132. - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Schmidt, K. P, & ANDREWS, E. W. 1936. Notes on snakes from Yucatán. Field Mus. Nat Hist. Zool. Ser. 20: 167-187. - get paper here
  • Smith, H-M; Ramirez-Bautista, A; Chiszar, D. 1995. The nomenclatural status of Muller's two varietal names of Dipsas cenchoa (Reptilia: Serpentes). Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 31 (4): 198-203
  • Smith, H.M., and R. Brandon. 1968. Data nova herpetologica Mexicana. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Sciences 71: 49-61 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart 1942. Mexican herpetological miscellany. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 92 (3153): 349-395 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Teresa Alfaro-Reyna, R. Gerardo Cámara-Castillo and Miguel Tun-Xis. 2013. Geographic Distribution: Imantodes gemmistratus (Central American tree snake). Herpetological Review 44 (4): 629
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Webb, R.G. 1984. Herpetogeography in the Mazatlán-Durango Region of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico. Vetrebrate Ecology and Systematics - A ribute to Henry S. Fitch; Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, pp. 217-241
  • Zweifel, Richard G. 1959. The provenance of reptiles and amphibians collected in Western Mexico by J. J. Major. American Museum Novitates (1949): 1-9 - get paper here
  • Zweifel,R.G. 1959. Snakes of the genus Imantodes in western Mexico. American Museum Novitates 1961: 1-17 - get paper here
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator