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Imantodes guane MISSASSI & PRUDENTE, 2015

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymImantodes guane MISSASSI & PRUDENTE 2015 
DistributionColombia (Santander: west of Andes)

Type locality: headwater of the Luisito River, Virolín (6°18’18”N, 73°10’25”W; 1750 m elevation), municipality of Charalá, department of Santander, Colombia  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: ICN 5730, Adult male, collected by R. Hernández.
Paratype. Juvenile female, UIS-R 1705, Cerro de La Paz (6°58’20”N, 73°26’ 18”W; 2324 m elevation) collected by E. Brisceño at municipality of Zapatoca, department of Santander, Colombia (Figs. 4, 5B). 
Comment 
EtymologyThe specific epithet “guane” alludes to the name given to indigenous people that lived in the northeast region of the Colombia, where the new specimens were collected. This native Indians occupied the margin of the Fonce and Suárez Rivers, to the left margin Sogamoso river, in Cañon of Chicamocha. The men of the tribe would have their skulls deformed from the birth to the first year of life by using splints in the frontal and posterior surface of the skull. The resulting cranial shape denominated “tabular oblique deformation” reminds of the elongated head typical of the genus Imantodes. 
References
  • MISSASSI, ALEXANDRE F. R. & ANA L. C. PRUDENTE 2015. A new species of Imantodes Duméril, 1853 (Serpentes, Dipsadidae) from the Eastern Cordillera of Colombia. Zootaxa 3980 (4): 562–574
 
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