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Imantodes guane MISSASSI & PRUDENTE, 2015

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymImantodes guane MISSASSI & PRUDENTE 2015 
DistributionColombia (Santander: west of Andes)

Type locality: headwater of the Luisito River, Virolín (6°18’18”N, 73°10’25”W; 1750 m elevation), municipality of Charalá, department of Santander, Colombia  
TypesHolotype: ICN-MHN = ICN 5730, Adult male, collected by R. Hernández. Paratype. Juvenile female, UIS R 1705, Cerro de La Paz (6°58’20”N, 73°26’ 18”W; 2324 m elevation) collected by E. Brisceño at municipality of Zapatoca, department of Santander, Colombia (Figs. 4, 5B). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Imantodes guane is distinguish from all congeners by the combination of the following characters: smooth dorsal scale rows 17/17/15; apical pits absent; infralabials 12–13; ventrals 227–236; subcaudals 147–148; loreal scale present; cloacal plate divided; dark brown temporal stripe between the lower edge of temporal scales and upper region of supralabials; dorsum of body light brown with dark brown transversal streaks, weakly evident in lateral view; hemipenis in situ extending to the level of 11th subcaudal and reaches the 10th subcaudal when everted; hemipenis with sulcus spermaticus laterally expanded inside capitulum. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet “guane” alludes to the name given to indigenous people that lived in the northeast region of the Colombia, where the new specimens were collected. This native Indians occupied the margin of the Fonce and Suárez Rivers, to the left margin Sogamoso river, in Cañon of Chicamocha. The men of the tribe would have their skulls deformed from the birth to the first year of life by using splints in the frontal and posterior surface of the skull. The resulting cranial shape denominated “tabular oblique deformation” reminds of the elongated head typical of the genus Imantodes. 
  • Missassi, Alexandre F. R. & ANA L. C. PRUDENTE 2015. A new species of Imantodes Duméril, 1853 (Serpentes, Dipsadidae) from the Eastern Cordillera of Colombia. Zootaxa 3980 (4): 562–574 - get paper here
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