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Indotyphlops lankaensis (TAYLOR, 1947)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Sri Lanka Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops lankaensis TAYLOR 1947: 287
Typhlops lankaensis — TAYLOR 1950
Typhlops lankaensis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 107
Typhlops lankaensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 765
Indotyphlops lankaensis — HEDGES et al. 2014 
DistributionSri Lanka.

Type locality: “12 miles north of Trincomalee, Ceylon”  
TypesHolotype: FMNH 100066. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Head oval, seen from above; suture, dividing nasal completely, reaches to preocular; 20 scale rows about body; rostral somewhat less than one-third greatest width of head; transverse scale rows about body, 229-261; generally brown to gray-brown above with very dim longitudinal dorsal lines, the median most distinct; under side of head very largely cream color. (Tayler 1947: 287) 
CommentSimilar species: I. braminus, I. violaceus (both Sri Lanka). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality in Sri Lanka. 
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Taylor, E.H. 1947. Comments on Ceylonese snakes of the genus Typhlops with descriptions of new species. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 31 (13): 283-298 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1950. The snakes of Ceylon. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (14): 519-603 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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