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Indotyphlops tenebrarum (TAYLOR, 1947)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymTyphlops tenebrarum TAYLOR 1947: 292
Typhlops tenebrarum — TAYLOR 1950
Typhlops tenebrarum — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 121
Typhlops tenebrarum — WALLACH et al. 2014: 772
Indotyphlops tenebrarum — HEDGES et al. 2014 
DistributionSri Lanka

Type locality: “12 miles north of Trincomalee, Ceylon” [Sri Lanka].  
TypesHolotype: lost (presumed), was EHT-HMS 30063; now presumed lost, according to Hahn, 1980, Das Tierreich 101:73; paratypes: FMNH 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A very slender Typhlops with the nasal suture completely dividing the nasal and reaching the second labial; width contained in length from about 43 to 56 times; number of transverse scale rows about body from about 298 to 326 rows; 12 to 14 on tail; 20 longitudinal scale rows about body; light brown above, lighter below and on sides; scales bordering the mouth cream color [from TAYLOR 1947]. 
EtymologyNot given by Taylor but apparently named after Latin tenebrae, -arum = darkness, often used for animals living in darkness such as fossorial snakes. 
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Taylor, E.H. 1947. Comments on Ceylonese snakes of the genus Typhlops with descriptions of new species. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 31 (13): 283-298 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1950. The snakes of Ceylon. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (14): 519-603 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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