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Iranolacerta brandtii (DE FILIPPI, 1863)

IUCN Red List - Iranolacerta brandtii - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesIranolacerta brandtii brandtii (DE FILIPPI 1863)
Iranolacerta brandtii esfahanica (NILSON, RASTEGAR-POUYANI, RASTEGAR-POUYANI & ANDRÉN 2003) 
Common NamesE: Brandt's Persian lizard 
SynonymLacerta brandtii DE FILIPPI 1863: 387
Lacerta brandtii — BOULENGER 1920: 299
Lacerta brandti — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Darevskia brandtii — ARRIBAS
Lacerta brandtii — IN DEN BOSCH 1996
Lacerta brandtii — ANDERSON 1999: 231
Lacerta brandtii brandtii — NILSON et al. 2003
Iranolacerta brandtii — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Iranolacerta brandtii — NASRABADI et al. 2017

Iranolacerta brandtii esfahanica (NILSON et al. 2003)
Lacerta (Iranolacerta) brandtii — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Iranolacerta brandtii esfahanica — AHMADZADEH et al. 2013 
DistributionNW Iran, S Azerbaijan (only one find was registered in 1880), Turkey (Anatolia)

brandtii: NW Iran: E Azerbaijan Province at Maragheh, Silvand Village, 4 Km SE Chalivan, Arabil Province; neighboring Azerbaijan Republic; Type locality: NW Iran

esfahanica: Iran (Estafan Province); Type locality: main Zagros mountain Range (3000-3200 m elevation), at Fereydun [= Feredun] Shahr, W of Daran (32°56'N, 50°05'E), (this is just a few kilometers north of terra typica for Lacerta zagrosica)  
TypesType: MRSN (= MSNTO) R2702
Holotype: GNM Re.ex. 5609, adult male; (Göteborg Natural History Museum; field No. GN 560) collected by the authors on the 11 of June 2000; paratypes: GNM, KUZC [esfahanica] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Iranolacerta brandtii and I. zagrosica occur in the same geographical area and are placed in the same genus on the basis of their strongly supported sister-relationship in DNA phylogenies (Fig. 2). Morphologically they are very different and share few distinctive features. This is probably functionally associated with their divergent life modes, I. brandtii being ground dwelling while I. zagrosica is found on rock surfaces and in crevices in these. Iranolacerta brandtii is distinctive among Lacertini in having a pair of double-armed macrochromosomes among the usual lacertid diploid complement of 38 chromosomes, but the karyotype of I. zagrosica has not yet been investigated. Among features found only in a minority of other Lacertini, the two members of Iranolacerta share just the following: outer edge of parietal scale not reaching lateral border of parietal table, five upper labial scales in front of subocular, at least eight longitudinal rows of ventral scales, ocelli often present on flanks at least of males. Other more widely distributed shared features include: usual number of presacral vertebrae 26 in males and hemipenial microornamentation of crownshaped tubercles (from Arnold et al. 2007: 47). 
CommentEngelmann et al. (1993) give the year of description as “1865”. There are different citations for the original description.

Type species: Lacerta brandtii De Filippi, 1863 is the type species of the genus Iranolacerta ARNOLD et al. 2007.

Distribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
EtymologyNamed after Johann Friedrich (Fedor Fedorovich) von Brandt (1802-1879), a German zoologist, surgeon, pharmacologist and botanist who emigrated to Russia (1831). He explored Siberia and was founding Director of the Zoological Museum, Academy of Science, St Petersburg. He wrote on many subjects including being co-author of Medical Zoology (2-volume, 1829-1833). Many taxa are named after him, including three birds and five mammals.

The genus was named after its occurrence in Iran and Latin “lacerta” = lizard. 
  • Ahmadzadeh, Faraham; Miguel Angel Carretero, Dennis Rödder, David James Harris, Susana Nunes Freitas, Ana Perera, Wolfgang Böhme 2013. Inferring the effects of past climate fluctuations on the distribution pattern of Iranolacerta (Reptilia, Lacertidae): Evidence from mitochondrial DNA and species distribution models. Zoologischer Anzeiger 252 (2): 141-148 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Arnold, E.N.; Arribas, O. & Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa 1430: 1-86 - get paper here
  • Avcı, Aziz; Çetin Ilgaz, Emin Bozkurt, Nazan Üzüm, Kurtuluş Olgun 2015. A New Record of Iranolacerta brandtii (De Filippi, 1863) (Sauria: Lacertidae) in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Russ. J. Herpetol. 22 (1): 68-74 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • BÖHME, W. 1993. Hemipenial microornamentation in Lacerta brandtii DE FILIPPI, 1863: Falsification of a systematic hypothesis? Herpetozoa 6 - get paper here
  • BOSCH, H.A.J. IN DEN 1996. Auf der Suche nach Lacerta brandtii im Iran. Die Eidechse 7 (17): 46 - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1920. Monograph of the Lacertidae, vol. 1. British Museum (London) - get paper here
  • Clark, R. J., Clark, E. D. and Anderson, S. C. 1966. Report on two small collections of reptiles from Iran. Occ. Pap. Cal. Acad. Sci. (55): 1-9 - get paper here
  • Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Filippi, F. de 1863. Nuove o poco note specie di animali vertebrati raccolte in um viaggio in Persia nall'estate dell'anno 1862. Arch. Zool. Anatom. Fisiol. Modena 2: 15
  • Filippi, F. de 1863. Nuove o poco note specie di animali vertebrati raccolte in un viaggio in Persia. Arch. Zool. Anat. Fisiol. (Genova) 2: 377-394 - get paper here
  • Gül, Serkan; Cetin Ilgaz, Yusuf Kumlutas, Kamil Candan, Ahmed Mohajja Alshammari, Salem M. Busais, Abdel A. Ibrahim 2017. Age structure and growth pattern in an east Anatolian high altitude population of Iranolacerta brandtii (DE FILIPPI, 1863) (Squamata: Sauria: Lacertidae). Herpetozoa 30 (1/2): 3 - 7 - get paper here
  • Kamali, Kamran 2020. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Iran. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ( 574 pp.
  • Kidov, A. A. K 2019. Spring aspect of the herpetofauna in the Iranian Talysh. PROCEEDINGS OF THE VII CONGRESS OF THE NIKOLSKY HERPETOLOGICAL SOCIETY, in "University proceedings. Volga region. Natural sciences” 1: 50-60 - get paper here
  • Lantz, L. A. and Cyren, O. 1939. Contribution a la connaissance de Lacerta brandtii De Filippi et de Lacerta parva Boulenger. Bulletin de Societe Zoologique de France 64: 228-243.
  • NASRABADI, REZA; NASRULLAH RASTEGAR-POUYANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI, AHMAD GHARZI 2017. A revised key to the lizards of Iran (Reptilia: Squamata: Lacertilia). Zootaxa 4227 (3): 431–443 - get paper here
  • Nilson, G.; N. Rastegar-Pouyani; E. Rastegar-Pouyani; and C. Andrén 2003. LACERTAS OF SOUTH AND CENTRAL ZAGROS MOUNTAINS, IRAN, WITH DESCRIPTION OF TWO NEW TAXA. Russ. J. Herpetol. 10 (1): - get paper here
  • Olmo, E.; Odierna, G., Capriglione, T. and Den Bosch, H. 2001. The karyology of Lacerta brandtii (Reptillia, Lacertiae). Folia Zoologica 50: 193–196
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Rato, Catarina; Mehmet Zülfü Yıldız, Naşit İğci, Kurtuluş Olgun, Çetin Ilgaz, Aziz Avcı, Faraham Ahmadzadeh and Miguel A. Carretero 2015. Phylogenetic relationships of the populations of Iranolacerta brandtii (de Filippi, 1863) (Squamata: Lacertidae) recently found in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Zoology in the Middle East 61 (4): 324 - get paper here
  • Rezazadeh, Elham; Bahram Hassanzadeh Kiabi, Faraham Ahmadzadeh 2010. Contribution to the Knowledge of Iranolacerta brandtii De Filippi 1863 (Sauria: Lacertidae) from the Northwest of Iran . Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (3): - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
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