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Japalura polygonata (HALLOWELL, 1861)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesJapalura polygonata donan OTA 2003
Japalura polygonata ishigakiensis VAN DENBURGH 1912
Japalura polygonata miyakensis VAN DENBURGH 1912
Japalura polygonata polygonata (HALLOWELL 1861)
Japalura polygonata xanthostoma OTA 1991 
Common NamesRyukyu Japalure, Okinawa Tree Lizard 
SynonymDiploderma polygonatum HALLOWELL 1861: 490
Japalura polygonata — GÜNTHER 1864
Japalura polygonata — BOULENGER 1885: 310
Japalura polygonata — STEJNEGER 1907: 188
Japalura polygonata polygonata — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 74
Japalura polygonata polygonata — GORIS & MAEDA 2004
Japalura polygonata polygonata — MANTHEY 2010

Japalura polygonata donan OTA 2003
Japalura polygonata donan — MANTHEY 2010: 85

Japalura polygonata ishigakiensis VAN DENBURGH 1912
Japalura polygonata ishigakiensis — GORIS & MAEDA 2004
Japalura polygonata ishigakiensis — MANTHEY 2010: 85

Japalura polygonata xanthostoma OTA 1991
Japalura polygonata xanthostoma — MANTHEY 2010: 87 
DistributionJapan (Ryukyu Archipelago)
China (N Taiwan)

ishigakiensis: Japan (Miyako, Yaeyama)

miyakensis: Japan (Loo Choo Islands); Type locality: Miyako, Loo Choo Islands, Japan.

xanthostoma: N Taiwan;Type locality: Taipei Prefecture, Waishuangchi

Type locality: “Amakarima” Island (= Kerama shima)  
TypesHolotype: USNM 12203
Holotype: CAS 21353 [miyakensis]
Holotype: CAS 21354 [ishigakiensis]
Holotype: OMNH (Osaka) R2999 [xanthostoma] 
CommentThe nominate form of this species is classified as “vulnerable” in Japan (Ota 2000). 
  • ANANJEVA, Natalia B.; Xianguang GUO and Yuezhao WANG 2011. Taxonomic Diversity of Agamid Lizards (Reptilia, Sauria, Acrodonta, Agamidae) from China: A Comparative Analysis. Asian Herpetological Research 2 (3): 117-128 - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1909. Notes on Amphibia and Reptilia from Eastern Asia. Proc. New England zool. Club 4: 53-78, 2 plates - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Goris, R.C. & Maeda, N. 2004. Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Japan. Krieger, Malabar, 285 pp.
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Hallowell, E. 1861. Report upon the Reptilia of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under command of Capt. John Rogers, U. S. N. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 12 [1860]: 480 - 510 - get paper here
  • Jono, Teppei; Takashi Kawamura, and Ryosuke Koda 2013. Invasion of Yakushima Island, Japan, by the Subtropical Lizard Japalura polygonata polygonata (Squamata: Agamidae). Current Herpetology Aug 2013, Vol. 32, No. 2: 142-149.
  • Manthey U 2010. Agamid Lizards of Southern Asia. Draconinae 2 -Leiolepidinae. Terralog 7b, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 168 pp.
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Norval, Gerrut; Stephen R. Goldberg, Charles R. Bursey, Jean-Jay Mao, and Kerry Slater 2014. Internal Parasites of Lizards from Taiwan. Herp. Cons. Biol. 9 (3): 484−494 - get paper here
  • Ota, Hidetoshi 2003. A new subspecies of the Agamid Lizard, Japalura polygonata (Hallowell, 1861) (Reptilia: Squamata), from Yonagunijima Island of the Yaeyama Group, Ryukyu Archipelago. Current Herpetology 22 (2):61-71
  • Ota,H. 1989. A new species of Japalura (Agamidae: Lacertilia:Reptilia) from Taiwan. Copeia 1989 (3): 569-576 - get paper here
  • Ota,H. 1991. Taxonomic redefiniton of Japalura swinhonis GÜNTHER (Agamidae:Squamata), with a description of a a new subspecies of J. polygonata from Taiwan. Herpetologica 47: 280-294 - get paper here
  • Slevin, Joseph R.;Leviton, Alan E. 1956. Holotype specimens of reptiles and amphibians in the collection of the California Academy of Sciences. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 28 (14): 529-560 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Tanaka, Satoshi;Nishihira, Moritaka 1981. Notes on an Agamid lizard, Japalura polygonata. Biological Magazine Okinawa 19: 33-39
  • Van Denburgh, J., 1912. Concerning certain species of reptiles and amphibians from China, Japan, the Loo Choo Islands, and Formosa. Proc. Cal. Ac. Sci. (Series 4) 3 (10): 187-258. - get paper here
  • Yang S-F, Komaki S, Brown RM, Lin S-M. 2017. Riding the Kuroshio Current: stepping stone dispersal of the Okinawa tree lizard across the East Asian Island Arc J Biogeogr. 2017;00:1–14 - get paper here
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