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Kinixys belliana GRAY, 1831

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Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBell’s Hingeback Tortoise 
SynonymKinixys belliana GRAY 1831
Cinixys belliana — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 168
Kinixys schoensis RÜPPELL 1845: 226
Cinixys Belliana — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 222
Kinixys belliana — GRAY 1864: 169
Cinixys belliana — BOULENGER 1889
Kinixys belliana — SCHMIDT 1919: 406
Kinixys belliana belliana — MERTENS et al. 1934
Kinixys belliana mertensi LAURENT 1956 : 27
Kinixys belliana belliana — BROADLEY 1993
Kinixys belliana — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 226
Kinixys belliana — FRITZ & BININDA-EMONDS 2007
Kinixys belliana — VAN DIJK et al. 2012: 280
Kinixys cf. belliana — CONRADIE et al. 2016 
DistributionAngola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo (Katanga), Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, N Tanzania

Type locality: Unknown; "bought at Humphrey's, West Africa" according to label on type (fide KING & BURKE 1989) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1979.919.
Holotype: SMF 7719 [schoensis] 
CommentSynonymy modified after Wermuth & Mertens 1961 and VAN DIJK et al. 2012. Loveridge and Williams 1957 synonymized Kinixys natalensis Hewitt 1935 with Kinixys belliana. K. belliana spekii and K. b. lobatsiana have been elevated to valid species status. Kinixys belliana mertensi is not recognized by MCCORD et al. (2005). Kindler et al. (2012) considered Kinixys belliana domerguei as a synonym of K. (b.) zombensis because of very small genetic differences.

Distribution: after VAN DIJK et al. 2012, TTWG 2014: 402 
References
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