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Kinixys spekii GRAY, 1863

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Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Speke’s Hinged-back tortoise, Speke's Hingeback Tortoise, savanna hingeback 
SynonymKinixys spekii GRAY 1863
Homopus darlingi BOULENGER 1902: 15
Testudo procterae LOVERIDGE 1923 (fide BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 8)
Kinixys spekii — HEWITT 1931: 469
Kinixys jordani HEWITT 1931: 482
Kinixys youngi HEWITT 1931: 486
Kinixys australis HEWITT 1931: 477
Kinixys australis mababiensis FITZSIMONS 1932: 37
Kinixys belliana — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977: 70
Kinixys belliana — AUERBACH 1987: 69
Kinixys belliana spekii — IVERSON 1992: 271
Kinixys spekii — BROADLEY 1998
Kinixys spekii — VALVERDE 2005
Kinixys spekii — VAN DIJK et al. 2012
Kinixys spekii — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 33
Kinixys spekii — TTWG 2021 
DistributionAngola, Botswana, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire: Katanga), Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia (Caprivi), Rwanda,South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Type locality: Central Africa (probably NW Tanzania fide BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991).  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1936.5.3.117
Holotype: DNMNH (= TM) 14689, adult female [mababiensis] 
CommentSynonymy: after VAN DIJK et al. 2012. WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977 listed Testudo procterae as a synonym of Malacochersus tornieri.

Distribution: after VAN DIJK et al. 2012; see map in Kindler et al. 2012 (supplement) and Hailey et al. 2021. 
EtymologyNamed after Captain John Hanning Speke (1827-1864), an explorer. He was the first European to see Lake Victoria (Lake Nyanza), proving it to be the source of the Nile. 
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  • Bour, Roger 2006. Le genre Kinixys Bell: histoire nomenclaturale et taxinomique. Chéloniens 3:8-15.
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  • Ihlow F, Farooq HM, Gvoždík V, Hofmeyr MD, Conradie W, Campbell PD, Harvey J, Verburgt L, Fritz U. 2019. Geographic range extension of Speke’s Hinge-back Tortoise Kinixys spekii Gray, 1863. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13(2) [Special Section]: 61–67 (e195) - get paper here
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