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Kinosternon arizonense GILMORE, 1922

IUCN Red List - Kinosternon arizonense - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaKinosternidae (Kinosterninae), Kinosternoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesArizona Mud Turtle 
SynonymKinosternon flavescens arizonense GILMORE 1922
Kinosternon flavescens stejnegeri HARTWEG 1938
Kinosternon flavescens stejnegeri — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977: 6
Kinosternon flavescens arizonense — IVERSON 1992: 224
Kinosternon arizonense — CROTHER 2000
Kinosternon arizonense — SERB, PHILLIPS & IVERSON 2001
Kinosternon arizonense — ERNST & LOVICH 2009
Kinosternon arizonense — TTWG 2014: 346 
DistributionUSA (S Arizona),
Mexico (Sonora)

Type locality: Benson Locality Quarry, two miles south of Benson, Cochise County, Arizona" [USA]

stejnegeri: Sonora; Type locality: Llano, Sonora. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: USNM 10463. a fossil
Holotype: UMMZ [stejnegeri] 
CommentSubspecies: SERB et al. (2001) suggested to elevate K. f. arizonense and K. f. durangoense to full “phylogenetic” species status.

Synonymy: partly after RHODIN et al. 2010. 
References
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Enderson, Erik F.; Thomas R. Van Devender, Robert L. Bezy 2014. Amphibians and reptiles of Yécora, Sonora and the Madrean Tropical Zone of the Sierra Madre Occidental in northwestern Mexico. Check List 10 (4): 913-926 - get paper here
  • Ernst, Carl H.; Lovich, Jeffrey E. 2009. Turtles of the United States and Canada, 2nd edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, 827 pp. - get paper here
  • Gilmore, C.W. 1922. A new fossil turtle, Kinosternon arizonense, from Arizona. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 63, Art. 5: 1-8 - get paper here
  • Legler, J.M.& Vogt, R.C. 2013. The Turtles of Mexico: Land and Freshwater Forms. University of California Press, 416 pp.
  • Serb,J.M.; Phillips,C.A. & Iverson,J.B. 2001. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of Kinosternon flavescens based on complete mitochondrial control region sequences. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 18 (1): 149-162 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J.; van Dijk, P.P.; Iverson, J.B. & Shaffer, H.B. [turtle taxonomy working group] 2010. Turtles of the World, 2010 Update: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v3.2010
 
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