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Kinyongia multituberculata (NIEDEN, 1913)

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: West Usambara two-horned chamaeleon
G: West-Usambara-Zweihornchamäleon 
SynonymChamaeleon fischeri multituberculatus NIEDEN 1913: 248
Chamaeleon fischeri werneri NIEDEN 1913: 248
Bradypodion fischeri multituberculatum — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 12
Kinyongia fischeri multituberculatum — TILBURY et al. 2006
Kinyongia multituberculata — MARIAUX et al. 2008
Kinyongia multituberculata — TILBURY 2010: 383 
DistributionTanzania (W/E Usambara Mts., up to 2300 m elevation)

Type locality: Phillipshof bei Wilhelmstal = Magamba, near Lushoto, W. Usambara Mts., Tanzania. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesLectotype: ZMB 51344 male; Paralectotype: ZMB 23227 female 
Commentvan Hoof et al. (2006) give REICHENOW 1894 as author of B. f. multituberculatum.

Reproduction: oviparous.

Differential diagnosis: Differs from all two-horned species by its dorsal crest extending along the whole length of male’s back and up to the middle of female’s back and scalation on the body and legs with numerous coarse, convex tubercles; also differs from all species (except K. vosseleri) by the presence of a tail crest. 
References
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Mariaux, Jean; Lutzmann, N. & Stipala, Jan 2008. The two-horned chamaeleons of East Africa. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2008, 152, 367–391
  • Menegon M, Tolley KA, Jones T, Rovero F, Marshall AR, Tilbury CR 2009. A new species of chameleon (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae: Kinyongia) from the Magombera forest and the Udzungwa Mountains National Park, Tanzania. African Journal of Herpetology 58 (2): 59-70 - get paper here
  • Nieden, F. 1913. Chamaeleon fischeri Rchw. und seine Unterarten. Sber. Ges. naturf. Freunde, Berlin 1913: 231-249.
  • Rovero, F., Menegon, M., Fjeldså, J., Collett, L., Doggart, N., Leonard, C., Norton, G., Owen, N., P 2014. Targeted vertebrate surveys enhance the faunal importance and improve explanatory models within the Eastern Arc Mountains of Kenya and Tanzania. Diversity and Distributions. doi: 10.1111/ddi.12246 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • Tilbury C.R., Tolley K.A. & Branch W.R. 2006. A review of the systematics of the genus Bradypodion (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae), with the description of two new genera. Zootaxa 1363, 23–38 (correction in Zootaxa 1426: 68) - get paper here
  • Tilbury, C. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt M., 831 pp.
  • WIERRES, W. 2003. Beobachtungen von Phytophagie bei Bradypodion fischeri multituberculatum. CHAMAELEO 13(1): 5. - get paper here
 
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