You are here » home advanced search Lacerta viridis

Lacerta viridis (LAURENTI, 1768)

IUCN Red List - Lacerta viridis - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Lacerta viridis?

Add your own observation of
Lacerta viridis »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesLacerta viridis guentherpetersi RYKENA, NETTMANN & MAYER 2001
Lacerta viridis infrapunctata SCHMIDTLER 1986
Lacerta viridis meridionalis CYRÉN 1933
Lacerta viridis paphlagonica SCHMIDTLER 1986
Lacerta viridis viridis (LAURENTI 1768) 
Common NamesE: European Green Lizard, Eastern Green Lizard
G: Smaragdeidechse 
SynonymSeps viridis LAURENTI 1768: 62
Lacerta viridis — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 210
Lacerta viridis magnifica SOBOLEVSKY 1930
Lacerta viridis — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Lacerta viridis bilineata — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008

Lacerta viridis viridis (LAURENTI 1768)
Lacerta viridis var. istriensis WERNER 1897
Lacerta viridis brandenburgiensis HECHT 1930
Lacerta viridis viridis — BAUER & GÜNTHER 1995
Lacerta viridis viridis — SAGONAS et al. 2014

Lacerta viridis guentherpetersi RYKENA, NETTMANN & MAYER 2001
Lacerta viridis guentherpetersi — BÖHME et al. 2007
Lacerta viridis guentherpetersi — SAGONAS et al. 2014

Lacerta viridis meridionalis CYRÉN 1933
Lacerta viridis meridionalis — THIEME 1985
Lacerta viridis meridionalis — ÇEVIK & KUMLUTAS 1999
Lacerta viridis meridionalis — ÇEVIK 1999
Lacerta viridis meridionalis — SCHLÜTER 2003
Lacerta viridis meridionalis — TRAPP 2005
Lacerta viridis meridionalis — SAGONAS et al. 2014 
DistributionAustria (Kärnten, Steiermark, Burgenland, Nieder-Österreich, Ober-Österreich), Poland, S Switzerland, E Germany (Danube river, Brandenburg etc.), Czech Republic (formerly Czechoslovakia), Balkan Peninsula incl. Slovenia, Croatia, islands Cres and Trstenik, Slovakia, Macedonia, Italy, France, N Spain,
Turkey (eastern coast of the Black Sea and central coast of Black Sea), European Turkey (including region of Marmara Sea), E Romania, E Bulgaria, NE Greece (incl. Samothraki), Moldova, SW Ukraine

guentherpetersi: Greece (Dirfis Mountains, Euboea Island)

infrapunctata: NE Turkey; Type locality: Küste E Esbiye, Prov. Giresun, Türkei;

meridionalis: NW Turkey, S Romania, Greece (incl. Corfu)

paphlagonica: CN Turkey; Type locality: Platanen-Auwald bei Kabala, SO Sinop, 50 m, Prov. Sinop, Türkei”

Type locality: Vienna, Austria Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesParatypes in ZFMK, NMW, MTKD and ZMB, holotype in NMW [guentherpetersi]
Holotype: ZSM, paratypes in ZFMK and ZSM [paphlagonica]
Syntypes: NMW 10835 (m.) Istrien [istriensis]
Holotype: NMW, paratype: ZSM [infrapunctata] 
CommentSynonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.) and TIEDEMANN et al. 1994. Lacerta viridis paphlagonica SCHMIDTLER 1986 and L. v. infrapunctata SCHMIDTLER 1986 are not supported by BÖHME et al. (2007) and may be synonyms of guentherpetersi (ARIKAN et al. 1999). Lacerta viridis var. holomelas WERNER 1897 and L. v. nigra, and L. v. melanota may be synonyms (listed in TIDEMANN & GRILLITSCH 1999 as syntypes in NMW).

Hybridization: RYKENA & HENKE (1978) report hybrids between L. viridis and L. agilis.

Distribution: The (introduced) American population of L. viridis has been assigned to L. bilineata. See SEH map (linked). Reports from the UK (channel islands) are now referred to L. bilineata.

A melanistic specimen has been reported from Dalmatia [Boulenger 1913, P.Z.S., p 546]. 
References
  • Amann, Toni;Rykena, Silke;Joger, Ulrich;Nettmann, Hans Konrad;Veith, Michael 1997. Zur artlichen Trennung von Lacerta bilineata Daudin, 1802 und L. viridis (Laurenti, 1768). Salamandra 33 (4): 255-268
  • ARIKAN, Hüseyin; Mehmet K. ATATÜR; I. Ethem ÇEVIK & Yusuf KUMLUTAS 1999. A Serological Investigation of Lacerta viridis (Laurenti, 1768) (Sauria: Lacertidae) Populations in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology 23: 227-230 - get paper here
  • Baur, B. 1981. Ein Tag an der Südrampe. Herpetofauna 3 (12): 13-15 - get paper here
  • Beshkov, V & Nanev, K 2006. The Amphibians and Reptiles in Bulgaria. Pensoft Series Faunistica 46, 120 pp.
  • Boettger, O. [as O. Böttger] 1880. Die Reptilien und Amphibien von Syrien, Palaestina und Cypern. Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., Frankfurt/M., 1879-1880: 132-219 - get paper here
  • Böhme, M.U.; Fritz, U.; Kotenko, T.; Dzukic, G.; Ljubisavljevic, K.; Tzankov, N. & Berendonk, T.U. 2007. Phylogeography and cryptic variation within the Lacerta viridis complex (Lacertidae, Reptilia). Zoologica Scripta 36 (2): 119–131
  • Böhme, M.U.; Schneeweiss, N.; Fritz, U.; Berendonk, T.U. 2007. Small edge populations at risk: genetic diversity of the green lizard (Lacerta viridis viridis) in Germany and implications for conservation management. Conserv. Genetics 8: 555-563
  • Böhme, M.U.; Schneeweiss, N.; Fritz, U.; Moravec, J.; Majlath, I.; Majlathova, V. & Berendonk, T.U. 2006. Genetic differentiation and diversity of Lacerta viridis viridis (LAURENTI 1768) within the northern part of its range: an investigation using mitochondrial haplotypes. Salamandra 42 (1): 29-40 - get paper here
  • BÖHME, M.U.; T . U. BERENDONK and M. SCHLEGEL 2005. Isolation of new microsatellite loci from the Green Lizard (Lacerta viridis viridis). Molecular Ecology Notes 5: 45–47
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1917. Descriptions of new lizards of the family Lacertidae. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 19: 277-279 - get paper here
  • ÇEVIK, Ethem & Yusuf KUMLUTAS 1999. Lacerta viridis (LACERTIDAE) Populasyonlarinin Türkiye’deki Taksonomik Durumu. Tr. J. of Zoology 23 Ek Sayi 1: 37-46
  • ÇEVIK, I.E. 1999. Trakya’da Yasayan Kertenkele Türlerinin Taksonomik Durumu (Lacertilia: Anguidae, Lacertidae, Scincidae). Tr. J. of Zoology 23 (1): 23–35
  • Cogălniceanu, Dan; Laurentiu Rozylowicz, Paul Székely, Ciprian Samoilă, Florina Stănescu, Marian Tudor, Diana Székely, Ruben Iosif 2013. Diversity and distribution of reptiles in Romania. ZooKeys 341 (2013): 49-76 - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. 1983. Univ. of Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Public. Educ. Ser. (13):
  • Covaciu-Marcov S.-D. et al. 2007. Contributions to the study of the geographical distribution of the herpetofauna in the North-East area of Arad County in Romania. Herpetologica Romanica 1: 62-69
  • Covaciu-Marcov S.-D.; Ghira, I.; Cicort-Lucaciu A.-St., Sas I.; Strugariu, A. & Bogdan H. V. 2006. Contributions to knowledge regarding the geographical distribution of the herpetofauna of Dobrudja, Romania. North-Western Journal of Zoology 2 (2): 88-125 - get paper here
  • Covaciu-Marcov, S.D., Cicort-Lucaciu, A.S., Dobre, F., Ferenţi, S., Birceanu, M., Mihuţ, R. & Strugariu, A. 2009. The herpetofauna of the Jiului Gorge National Park, Romania. North-Western Journal of Zoology 5 (Suppl. 1): 1-78
  • Covaciu-Marcov, S.D., Cicort-Lucaciu, A.S., Sas, I.; Mosu, A.G.; Toth, B. 2008. Contributions to the knowledge of the composition and geographical distribution of the Western Maramures County Herpetofauna. Herpetologica Romanica 2: 27-36
  • Crother, B. I. 2000. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding. Herpetological Circular 29: 1-82
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • ELBING, K. 1999. Die im Dunkel sieht man nicht... - subterrane Aspekte von Lacerta viridis. Die Eidechse 10 (1): 8-14 - get paper here
  • Elbing, K. & Nettmann, H.-K. (eds.) 2001. Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte und zum Schutz der Smaragdeidechsen (Lacerta s. str.). Mertensiella (13): 1-185
  • ELBING, K. & S. RYKENA 1996. Analyse der Schuppenmerkmale bei Lacerta viridis - eine neue Methode zur Individualerkennung. Die Eidechse 7 (17): 13-18 - get paper here
  • Frazer, J.F.D. 1949. The reptiles and amphibia of the Channel Isles, and their distribution. British Journal of Herpetology 1: 51-53
  • Fuhn, Ion E. and Robert Mertens. 1959. Das Vorkommen von Lacerta viridis meridionalis in Rumänien. Senckenbergiana Biologica 40 (3/4): 121-126
  • GARVE, E. & R. PODLOUCKY 2013. Sonnenbadende Smaragdeidechse (Lacerta viridis meridionalis) in Bulgarien Die Eidechse 24 (2): 57-60.
  • Goette, A. 1894. Über die Zusammensetzung der Wirbel bei den Reptilien. Zool. Anz. 17: 359-363 - get paper here
  • GROZDANOV, A. P. and N. D. TZАNKOV 2014. ANALYSIS AND COMPARISON OF SEXUAL SIZE DIMORPHISM IN TWO LACERTID SPECIES IN BULGARIA. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 20 (Supplement 1): 139–142 - get paper here
  • Gubanyi, James;Gubanyi, Joseph 1997. Geographic Distribution. Lacerta viridis. Herpetological Review 28 (2): 96 - get paper here
  • Hecht,G. 1930. Die märkische Smaragdeidechse, Lacerta viridis Laur. subspec. Brandenburgiensis subspec. nov. Das Aquarium 1930: 62-63
  • Heltai, Botond, Péter Sály, Dániel Kovács and István Kiss. 2015. Niche segregation of sand lizard (Lacerta agilis) and green lizard (Lacerta viridis) in an urban semi-natural habitat. Amphibia-Reptilia 36 (4): 389-399
  • Henle, K. 1985. Ökologische, zoogeographische und systematische Bemerkungen zur Herpetofauna Jugoslawiens. Salamandra 21 (4): 229-251
  • Joger, U.; Fritz, U.; Guicking, D.; Kalyabina-Hauf, S.; Nagy, Z.T. & Wink, M. 2007. Phylogeography of western Palaearctic reptiles – Spatial and temporal speciation patterns. Zoologischer Anzeiger 246: 293–313 - get paper here
  • Kasapidis, Panagiotis;Provatidou, Sofia;Maragou, Panagiota;Valakos, Efstratios D. 1996. Neue Daten über die Herpetofauna von Lesbos (ägäische Inseln, Griechenland) und einige biogeographische Bemerkungen über die Inseln des nordöstlichen ägäischen Archipels. Salamandra 32 (3): 171-180
  • Kattke, Peter 2014. Bulgarien im Mai. Exkursionen durch ein natürliches Freilandterrarium. Terraria Elaphe 2014 (3): 49-55 - get paper here
  • KIRMSE, W. 1990. Die Smaragdeidechse (Lacerta viridis) in Brandenburg: Bestand und Schutzmaßnahmen. Die Eidechse 1 (1): 10-12 - get paper here
  • Kiss, Dániel Kovács and István 2016. Microhabitat use of different age groups of snake-eyed skink and Eastern green lizard. Amphibia-Reptilia,<br /> DOI: 10.1163/15685381-00003039 - get paper here
  • Kolora, Sree Rohit; Rui Faria , Anne Weigert , Stefan Schaffer , Annegret Grimm , Klaus Henle , Abdullah H. Sahyoun , Peter F. Stadler , Katja Nowick , Christoph Bleidorn , Martin Schlegel 2015. The complete mitochondrial genome of Lacerta bilineata and comparison with its closely related congener L. Viridis Mitochondrial DNA, DOI:10.3109/19401736.2015.1111349 - get paper here
  • Korsós, Zoltán & Zoltán Tamás Nagy 2006. Kurzbericht über ein vollständig melanotisches Exemplar der Smaragdeidechse, Lacerta viridis (LAURENTI, 1768) in Ungarn. Die Eidechse 17 (2)
  • KRIMSE, W. 1994. Zur aktuellen Situation der brandenburgischen Smaragdeidechse (Lacerta viridis). Die Eidechse 5 (11): 2-4 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Liste der Reptilien Europas. Draco 15 (60): 72-79 - get paper here
  • LAUBE, MAREN and RALPH KUEHN 2006. Development of microsatellite markers for noninvasive DNA samples of the eastern green lizard Lacerta viridis. Molecular Ecology Notes 6: 731–733
  • Laurenti, J. N. 1768. Specimen medicum, exhibens synopsin reptilium emendatam cum experimentis circa venena et antidota reptilium austracorum, quod authoritate et consensu. Vienna, Joan. Thomae, 217 pp.
  • Maslak,R. 1995. Eidechsen in Polen. Die Eidechse 6 (16): 1-4 - get paper here
  • MAYER, W. & M. PODNAR 2002. Die Lacertiden des kroatischen Küstengebietes Teil I: Istrien und die Kvarner Bucht. Die Eidechse 13 (1): 8-13 - get paper here
  • Mertens, Robert and Otto Schnurre. 1949. Eidonomische und ökologische studien an Smaragdeidechsen Deutschlands. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 481: 1-28
  • Necas, Petr; Modry, David & Zavadil, Vít 1997. Czech Recent and Fossil Amphibians and Reptiles. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 94 pp.
  • Nettmann, H. K. 1995. Zur Geschichte einer vermeintlichen Neuentdeckung. Elaphe 3 (4): 63-66
  • Nettmann,H. K. & Rykena, S. 1984. Lacerta viridis - Smaragdeidechse. In: Böhme,W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 2/I., Echsen II (Lacerta). Aula-Verlag Wiesbaden, pp. 129-180
  • Nöllert, A.; Nöllert, C. & Ritter, A. 1986. Einige Beobachtungen zur Herpetofauna der bulgarischen Schwarzmeerküste und Südwestbulgariens (Teil 2 - Die Reptilien). Herpetofauna 8 (44): 30-34 - get paper here
  • Pafilis, Panayiotis and Panagiota Maragou. 2013. One more record of Lacerta viridis (Laurenti, 1768), from Macedonia. Herpetozoa 26 (1/2): 101-102
  • Pawlowski, S. & Krämer, C. 2009. Bemerkungen zur Herpetologie des nordwestlichen Kroatiens. Sauria 31 (4): 19-30 - get paper here
  • Pawlowski, S.; Jakob, S.; Patzewitz, E.-M.; Annosova, I. & Sauer, A. 2004. Ein herpetologischer Eindruck von der italienischen Insel Elba im Frühjahr 2003. Sauria, Berlin 26 (2): 23-30 - get paper here
  • Peters, G. 1962. Studien zur Taxonomie, Verbreitung und Oekologie der Smaragdeidechsen I. Lacerta trilineata, viridis und strigata als selbstaendige Arten. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 38: 127-152.
  • Petrov B. P., N. Tzankov, H. Strijbosch, G. Popgeorgiev, V. Beshkov 2006. The herpetofauna (Amphibia and Reptilia) of the Western Rhodopes mountain (Bulgaria and Greece). In: Beron P. (ed.). Biodiversity of Bulgaria. 3. Biodiversity of Western Rhodopes (Bulgaria and Greece) I. Pensoft & Nat. Mus. Natur. Hist., Sofia, pp. 863-912
  • Polovic, Lidija and Natalija Cadenovic. 2014. The herpetofauna of Ljubisnja Mountain, Montenegro. Herpetozoa 26 (3/4): 193-194
  • Rödel, M.-O. & R. BUSSMANN 1990. Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Julischen Alpen. Sauria 12 (4): 15-21 - get paper here
  • Rohdich, W. 2005. Die Grünen vom Kaiserstuhl. Draco 5 (21): 68-71 - get paper here
  • Rovatsos, Michail; Jasna Vukić, Marie Altmanová, Martina Johnson Pokorná, Jiří Moravec and Lukáš Kratochvíl 2016. Conservation of sex chromosomes in lacertid lizards. Molecular Ecology, DOI: 10.1111/mec.13635
  • Rykena, S. & Henke, L. 1977. Bastardierung von Lacerta viridis und Lacerta agilis im Terrarium. Salamandra 14 (3): 147-152
  • Rykena, Silke, Hans-Konrad Nettmann and Werner Mayer 2001. Lacerta viridis guentherpetersi ssp. nov. eine neue Unterart der Smaragdeidechse aus Griechenland. In: Kerstin Elbing and Hans-Konrad Nettmann (eds.) Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte und zum Schutz der Smaragdeidechsen (Lacerta s. str.). Contributions to Mertensiella 13: 89-97
  • Sagonas, Kostas; Nikos Poulakakis, Petros Lymberakis, Aristeidis Parmakelis, Panayiotis Pafilis, Efstratios D. Valakos 2014. Molecular systematics and historical biogeography of the green lizards (Lacerta) in Greece: Insights from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 76: 144-154 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2003. Die Herpetofauna des NSG Padurea Hagieni in Rumänien. Elaphe 11 (1): 60-65
  • Schlüter, U. 2005. Die Smaragdeidechsen der Dobrudscha. Die Eidechse 16 (2): 46-61
  • Schlüter, U. 2005. Die Herpetofauna des Comorova-Waldes in Rumänien. Elaphe 13 (1): 57-62
  • Schmidtler, J.F. 1986. Orientalische Smaragdeidechsen: 1. Zur Systematik und Verbreitung von Lacerta viridis in der Türkei. Salamandra 22 (1): 29-46
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554.
  • Sos, T. 2008. Review of recent taxonomic and nomenclatural changes in European Amphibia and Reptilia related to Romanian herpetofauna. Herpetologica Romanica 2: 61-91
  • Strödicke, Martin 1995. Die Smaragdeidechse, Lacerta viridis (Laurenti, 1768), in der Mitte und Norden der Tschechischen Republik (Squamata: Sauria: Lacertidae). Herpetozoa 8 (1/2): 73-80 - get paper here
  • Strugariu, A., Zamfirescu, A.R., Nicoară, A., Gherghel, I., Sas, I., Puşcaşu, C.M. & Bugeac, T. 2008. Preliminary data regarding the distribution and status of the herpetofauna in Iaşi County (Romania). North-Western Journal of Zoology 4 (Suppl.1): S1-S23 - get paper here
  • SUTTKUS, M. 1991. Meine Erfahrungen mit Lacerta viridis meridionalis. Die Eidechse 2 (2): 6-9 - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Thieme, U. 1985. Die Amphibien - und Reptilienfauna der südost - bulgarischen Küste, Teil 2: Reptilien 1. Sauria 7 (3): 3-6 - get paper here
  • Tiedemann,F. & Grillitsch,H. 1999. Ergänzungen zu den Katalogen der Typusexemplare der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien. Herpetozoa 12 (3-4): 147-156 - get paper here
  • Tonge, S. 1986. The herpetofauna of Jersey. British Herpetological Society Bulletin (17): 18-21
  • Tornier, G. 1897. Über experimentell erzeugte dreischwänzige Eidechsen und Doppelgliedmaßen von Molchen. Zool. Anz. 20: 356-361 - get paper here
  • Török, Zsolt 2010. GIS technique used for managing data on distribution in Romania of the species beloging to fam. Lacertidae. Sc. Ann. Danube Delta Institute (Tulcea, Romania) 16: 71-84
  • Tóth, Tamás, László Krecsák, Thomas Madsen and Beáta Újvári 2002. Herpetofaunal locality records on the Greek Islands of Corfu (Amphibia, Reptilia). Herpetozoa 15 (3/4):149-169 - get paper here
  • Trapp, B. 2007. Reptilien und Amphibien des griechischen Festlandes. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 300 pp. - get paper here
  • Trutnau, L. 1975. Europaische Amphibien und Reptilien. Belser Verlag, Stuttgart 212 pp.
  • VONGREJ, V. & SMOLINSKÝ, R. & BULÁNKOVÁ, E. & JANDZIK, D. J. 2007. Extraordinary winter activity of the Green Lizard Lacerta viridis (LAURENTI, 1768) in southwestern Slovakia [Short Note]. Herpetozoa 20 - get paper here
  • Werner, Franz 1893. Zur Herpetologie von Bosnien. Zool. Anz. 16 (433): 421-426 - get paper here
  • Žagar, A., Carretero, M. A., Krofel, M., Lužnik, M., Podnar, M. & Tvrtković, N. 2014. Reptile survey in Dinara Mountain (Croatia) revealed the southernmost known population of Horvath’s rock lizard (Iberolacerta horvathi). Nat. Croat. 23 (1): 235–240 - get paper here
  • Zakkak, Sylvia; John Maxwell Halley, Triantafyllos Akriotis and Vasiliki Kati 2015. Lizards along an agricultural land abandonment gradient in Pindos Mountains, Greece Amphibia-Reptilia 36 (3): 253 - 264 - get paper here
  • Zang, R. 1904. Über horizontale und vertikale Verbreitung einiger reptilien und Amphibien Deutschlands und der Schweiz. Zool. Anz. 28: 249-251 - get paper here
  • Zang, R. 1904. Faunistische und biologische Bemerkungen zu einigen deutschen Reptilien und Amphibien. Zool. Anz. 27: 701-704
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator