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Lachesis acrochorda (GARCIA, 1896)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesS: Verrugosa, Guascama 
SynonymBothrops achrocordus GARCIA 1896: 23
Lachesis acrochorda — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004
Lachesis acrochorda — HOHMEISTER 2004
Lachesis achrocorda — PYRON & BURBRINK 2013
Lachesis acrochorda — WALLACH et al. 2014: 355 
DistributionPanama, Colombia, Ecuador, elevation 0-1000 m

Type locality: "las selvas deI Chocó, á orillas de los rios Atrato, San Juan, Dagua y Telembí y ... el camino de Buenaventura" [= Chocó forests, Atrato, San Juan, Dagua and Telembí riverbanks, and the Buenaventura highway, Chocó, Valle deI Cauca, Cauca and Nariño Dept., W Colombia]. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: not designated, location unknown (WALLACH et al. 2014: 347) 

L. achrocorda was previously considered as a synonym of L. stenophrys. 
  • Campbell, Jonathan A. and William W. Lamar 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere, 2 vols. Comstock (Cornell University Press), Ithaca, NY, 962 pp. [review in Science 305: 182]
  • Carrera, C. et al. 2009. Guía de Campo de los Pequeños Vertebrados del Distrito Metropolitano de Quito (DMQ). Publicación Miscelánea N° 5. Serie de Publicaciones del Museo Ecuatoriano de Ciencias Naturales (MECN) – Fondo Ambiental del MDMQ. 1-89 pp. Imprenta Nuevo Arte. Quito-Ecuador.
  • Castro, F.; Ayerbe, S.; Calderón, J.J. & Cepeda, B. 2005. Nuevo registro para Colombia de Bothrocophias campbelli y notas sobre B. colombianus y B. myersi (Serpentes:Viperidae). Novedades Colombianas 8(1):57-64 - get paper here
  • Castro-Herrera, F. & Vargas-Salinas, F. 2008. Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 9 (2): 251 - 277 - get paper here
  • Fuentes, Rogemif Daniel and Greivin Corrales. 2016. New distribution record and reproductive data for the Chocoan Bushmaster, Lachesis acrochorda (Serpentes: Viperidae), in Panama. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 115–127 - get paper here
  • Garcia,E. 1896. Los Ofidios Venenosos del Cauca. Métodos empíricos y racionales empleados contra los accidentes producidos por la mordedura de esos reptiles. Cali: Librería Colombiana, xv + 102 pp.
  • Henao-Duque, Ana María; Greivin Corrales 2015. First report of the reproduction in captivity of the Chocoan Bushmaster, Lachesis acrochorda (García, 1896) Herpetology Notes 8: 315-320 - get paper here
  • Hohmeister, A. 2004. Der zentralamerikanische Buschmeister (Lachesis stenophrys COPE 1876) im Terrarium. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (50): 56-62 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R. Alexander; Frank T. Burbrink 2013. Early origin of viviparity and multiple reversions to oviparity in squamate reptiles. Ecology Letters 17 (1): 13–21 (published online 2013, in print 2014), DOI: 10.1111/ele.12168 - get paper here
  • Valencia-Zuleta A, Jaramillo-Martínez AF, Echeverry-Bocanegra A, Viáfara-Vega R, Hernández-Córdoba O, Cardona-Botero VE, Gutiérrez-Zúñiga J, Castro-Herrera F. 2014. Conservation status of the herpetofauna, protected areas, and current problems in Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 8 (2): 1–18 (e87) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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