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Laemanctus longipes WIEGMANN, 1834

IUCN Red List - Laemanctus longipes - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaCorytophanidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesLaemanctus longipes longipes WIEGMANN 1834
Laemanctus longipes deborrei BOULENGER 1877 
Common NamesE: Eastern Casquehead Iguana
S: Cutete Policía 
SynonymLaemanctus longipes WIEGMANN 1834: 46
Laemanctus longipes — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 72
Laemanctus de Borrei BOULENGER 1877: 464
Laemanctus longipes — BOULENGER 1885: 105
Laemanctus longipes — PETERS et al. 1970: 153
Laemanctus longipes — LINER 1994
Laemanctus longipes — KÖHLER 2000: 81
Laemanctus longipes — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015

Laemanctus longipes deborrei BOULENGER 1877
Laemanctus de Borrei BOULENGER 1877: 465
Laemanctus longipes — MÜLLER 1880: 10
Laemanctus deborrii — GÜNTHER 1885: 54 (unjustified emendation)
Laemanctus deborri — BOULENGER 1885: 106
Laemanctus deborrei — WEBER 1945
Laemanctus deborrei — STUART 1948
Laemanctus deborrei — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 71
Laemanctus deborrei — STUART 1963
Laemanctus deborrei — DUELLMAN 1963: 235
Laemanctus longipes deborrei — MCCOY 1968: 668
Laemanctus longipes deborrei — MCCRANIE & KÖHLER 2004 
DistributionMexico (Veracruz, Colima, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo),
Belize, NW Honduras, Nicaragua, Guatemala, 0-1200 m elevation.

deborrei: Isthmus of Tehuantepec south to Nicaragua. Type locality: “Tabasco (Mexique)”.

longipes; C Veracruz, Mexico.

Type locality: Jalapa, Veracruz.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 494
Syntypes: IRSNB 2003 (Institut Royal des Sciences Naturales de Belgique), 2004, adult males, collector unknown (purchased by a Mr. Linden), collection date unknown (entered into museum ledger 17 November 1857) [deborrei] 
DiagnosisDescription (genus): The genus Laemanctus consists of medium-large iguanid lizards (snout-vent length to 150 mm) with laterally-compressed body, extremely long tail, legs, and toes, and a unique flat-topped cephalic casque. The dorsal and ventral body scales are large, keeled, and imbricate, and the middorsal row is usually enlarged. The gular fold may be present or absent. The subdigital lamellae are keeled, but not flanged or fringed. Laemanctus is probably most closely related to the genera Basiliscus Laurenti and Corytophanes Boie, and the three genera have been loosely grouped as the "basiliscine" iguanids (Cope, 1900; Etheridge, 1964). The geographic range of the genus Laemanctus extends throughout Atlantic drainage lowlands between sea level and 650 m elevation (Gadow, 1910), from central Tamaulipas, Mexico, to the Rio Ulua drainage of northwestern Honduras. The map presented by Savage (1966:fig. 22, p. 754) is a good approximation of all but the northern-most part of the range of Laemanctus. Laemanctus is an autochthonous Mesoamerican genus, which has not expanded its range beyond the humid lowlands of eastern Central America (Stuart, 1957; Savage, 1966, McCoy 1968).

Diagnosis: Anterior dorsal head scales small and irregular; posterior edge of head lacking a fringe of enlarged conical scales (Fig. 2); middorsal scales not enlarged, no free serrate dorsal crest (McCoy 1968).

Diagnosis (longipes): A subspecies of L. longipes characterized by large size; small body scales (average 55 around midbody); gular fold well developed and continuous, with 3-5 rows of granules; anterior dorsal head scales larger than posterior dorsal head scales (McCoy 1968).

Definition (deborrei): A subspecies of L. longipes characterized by moderate size; medium-sized body scales (average 43 around mid-body); gular fold well developed and continuous, with two or three rows of granules; dorsal head scales subequal in size (McCoy 1968). 
CommentType species: Laemanctus longipes WIEGMANN 1834: 46 is the type species of the genus Laemanctus WIEGMANN 1834.

Synonymy: Laemanctus longipes waltersi SCHMIDT 1933 is now considered as a valid species.

Distribution: not in Yucatan state (Mexico) according to GONZÁLEZ-SÁNCHEZ et al. 2017. 
EtymologyThe generic name apparently is derived from the Greek words laminos, meaning "throat" and anctus, meaning "press together," presumably in reference to the tapered crowns of the marginal teeth (Lemos-Espinal & Dixon 2013).

The patronym waltersi honors Leon L. Walters, the taxidermist at the FMNH, who accompanied Schmidt when the holotype was collected. 
References
  • Aguilar-López JL, Luría-Manzano R, Pineda E, Canseco-Márquez L 2021. Selva Zoque, Mexico: an important Mesoamerican tropical region for reptile species diversity and conservation. ZooKeys 1054: 127-153 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1877. Étude monographique du genre Læmanctus et description d'une espèce nouvelle. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 2: 460-466 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. 1998. Amphibians and reptiles of northern Guatemala, the Yucatán, and Belize. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, xiii + 380 pp. - get paper here
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  • Dathe, F. 1988. Laemanctus longipes Wiegmann, 1834 Kronenbasilisk (Familie: Iguanidae, Leguane). Aquarien Terrarien (Leipzig) 35(8): 288
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  • McCarthy, T.J. 1982. A note on the reproduction in Laemanctus longipes in Belize (Sauria: Iguanidae). Carib. J. Sci. 18 (1-4): 133-136
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  • McCranie, J.R. & Köhler, G. 2004. Laemanctus longipes. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 795: 1-4 - get paper here
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