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Lampropeltis holbrooki STEJNEGER, 1902

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Lampropeltini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSpeckled Kingsnake 
SynonymLampropeltis getula holbrooki STEJNEGER 1902
Lampropeltis getulus holbrooki — ALLEN 1932
Lampropeltis getulus holbrooki — BURT 1935
Lampropeltis getula holbrooki — CROTHER 2000: 64
Lampropeltis getula holbrooki — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 421
Lampropeltis holbrooki — PYRON & BURBRINK 2009
Lampropeltis holbrooki — CROTHER et al. 2012
Lampropeltis getula holbrooki — LAITA 2013
Lampropeltis holbrooki — WALLACH et al. 2014: 358 
DistributionUSA (S Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma; isolated record in NW Kentucky. Intergrades with splendida from Nebraska to Texas)

Type Locality: ‘Valley of the Mississippi’ (Holbrook 1842), restricted to Hot Springs, Arkansas (Schmidt 1953).  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: unknown (fide PYRON & BURBRINK 2009). 
Comment 
EtymologySpecific epithet is a patronym honoring John Edwards Holbrook, a prominent American herpetologist of the 19th century, known as the ‘father of North American Herpetology’. 
References
  • Allen, Morrow J. 1932. A survey of the Amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi. American Museum Novitates (542): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1935. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west. American Midland Naturalist 16 (3): 311-336 - get paper here
  • Cohen, Henry. 2014. Lampropeltis holbrooki (speckled kingsnake) longevity. Herpetological Review 45 (1): 61
  • Crother, B. I. 2000. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding. Herpetological Circular 29: 1-82
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Konvalina, John D., Stanley E. Trauth, Christopher S. Thigpen and Samuel A. Schratz. 2015. Lampropeltis holbrooki (spreckled kingsnake) diet. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 645
  • Laita, Mark 2013. Serpentine. Abrams and PQ Blackwell, Auckland, New Zealand, 200 unnumbered pages
  • Martin, Daniel J., Cameron L. Aldridge, Celina Bycenski, Beth A. Wittmann, Devin L. Jacobs, Jake R. Milford and Larissa L. Bailey. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Lampropeltis holbrooki (speckled kingsnake). Herpetological Review 46 (1): 62
  • McAllister, C. T. 2016. Lampropeltis holbrooki (Specked Kingsnake) diet / ophiophagy. Herpetological Review 47(3): 479-480.
  • Pyron, R. Alexander; Frank T. Burbrink 2009. Systematics of the Common Kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula; Serpentes: Colubridae) and the burden of heritage in taxonomy. Zootaxa 2241: 22-32 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R. Alexander; Frank T. Burbrink 2009. LINEAGE DIVERSIFICATION IN A WIDESPREAD SPECIES: ROLES FOR NICHE DIVERGENCE AND CONSERVATISM IN THE COMMON KINGSNAKE, LAMPROPELTIS GETULA. Molecular Ecology 18: 3443–3457
  • Renner, D. 2013. Die Gesprenkelte Kettennatter, Lampropeltis getula holbrooki – Eine unterschätzte Schönheit. Reptilia (Münster) 18 (103): 60-64 - get paper here
  • Stejneger,L. 1902. The reptiles of the Huachuca Mountains, Arizona. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 25 [1902]: 149-158 - get paper here
  • Tennant, A. & Bartlett, R.D. 2000. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions. Gulf Publishing, Houston, TX, 588 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werler, John E. & James R. Dixon 2000. Texas Snakes. University of Texas Press, 544 pages
  • Williams, Avery A. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Lampropeltis holbrooki (Speckled Kingsnake). Herpetological Review 47 (2): 262
 
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