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Lampropeltis knoblochi TAYLOR, 1940

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Lampropeltini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Madrean Mountain Kingsnake, Chihuahuan Mountain Kingsnake, Knobloch's mountain kingsnake
S: Culebra Real de Chihuahua
G: Knoblochs Königsnatter 
SynonymLampropeltis pyromelana knoblochi TAYLOR 1940
Lampropeltis pyromelana woodini TANNER 1953 (fide BURBRINK et al. 2011)
Lampropeltis pyromelana knoblochi — TANNER 1985: 635
Lampropeltis pyromelana woodini — MEHRTENS 1987: 124
Lampropeltis knoblochi — LEMOS-ESPINAL et al. 2003
Lampropeltis knoblochi — BURBRINK et al. 2011
Lampropeltis knoblochi — CROTHER et al. 2012
Lampropeltis knoblochi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 358 
DistributionMexico (Chihuahua, Sonora)
USA (SE Arizona)

Type locality, "Mojarachic, Chihuahua, Mexico."

Type locality: Arizona Cochise, Huachuca Mts., Carr Canyon [woodini]  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: FMNH 100013, adult male, c,ollected in 1939 by Irving Knobloch.
Holotype: UMMZ 69653, adult female collected 20 July 1930 by H. K. Gloyd, paratype: BYU [woodini] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Distinguished by a higher number of white transverse bars (63-85, mean 74) which do not reach the ventrals but terminate in an irregular lateral light stripe between the 3rd to 5th rows of dorsal scales, and by an anterior expansion of the first white annulus to the orbit. Ventrals 225-238 and white bars equal in number to or more than the total number of caudals. (Tanner 1983) 
CommentDistribution: reported from Sonora by Enderson et al. 2009. 
EtymologyNamed after the collector of the holotype, Irving Knobloch. 
  • Blanchard, Frank N. 1920. A synopsis of the king snakes: Genus Lampropeltis Fitzinger. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (87): 1-7 - get paper here
  • Burbrink, Frank T.; Helen Yao, Matthew Ingrasci, Robert Bryson, Timothy J. Guiher & Sara Ruane 2011. SPECIATION AT THE MOGOLLON RIM IN THE ARIZONA MOUNTAIN KINGSNAKE (LAMPROPELTIS PYROMELANA). Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution 60: 445-454 - get paper here
  • Cohen, Henry. 2014. Lampropeltis knoblochi (Knobloch's mountain kingsnake) longevity. Herpetological Review 45 (1): 61 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1867. On the REPTILIA and BATRACHIA of the Sonoran Province of the Nearctic Region. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 18 [1866]: 300-314 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Degenhardt, William G.; C. W. Painter, and A. H. Price 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of New Mexico. Univ. New Mexico Press, 431 pp.
  • Devender, Robert Wayne Van et al. 1992. Reconsider suggested systematic arrangements for some North American amphibians and reptiles. Herpetological Review 23: 10-13 - get paper here
  • Enderson, Erik F.; Adrian Quijada-Mascareñas; Dale S. Turner; Philip C. Rosen & Robert L. Bezy 2009. The herpetofauna of Sonora, Mexico, with comparisons to adjoining states. Check List 5 (3): 632–672 - get paper here
  • FLESCH, AARON D.; DON E. SWANN, DALE S. TURNER, AND BRIAN F. POWELL 2010. HERPETOFAUNA OF THE RINCON MOUNTAINS, ARIZONA. Southwestern Naturalist 55(2):240–253 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Keogh, J. Scott 1996. Evolution of the colubrid snake tribe Lampropeltini: a morphological perspective. Herpetologica 52 (3): 406-416 - get paper here
  • Kreutz, R. 2005. Farb- und Zeichnungsstandard der Kornnatter (Panterhophis guttatus). Kirschner und Seufer Verlag, Keltern-Weiler, 158 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Rorabaugh JC 2019. A conservation checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Sonora, Mexico, with updated species lists. ZooKeys 829: 131-160 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., David Chiszar, and Hobart M. Smith 2003. Knobloch’s king snake (Lampropeltis pyromelana knoblochi) of Mexico a species. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 39(3):53-58 - get paper here
  • Love, B. 2012. Den Blick fangen. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (97): 20-21 - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
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  • Price, Andrew H.;Johnson, Dane G. 1978. Lampropeltis pyromelana pyromelana (Arizona Mountain Kingsnake). USA: New Mexico. Herpetological Review 9 (3): 108 - get paper here
  • Rorabaugh, J C; Turner, D; van Devender, T R; Hugo-Cabrera, V; Maynard, R J; Van Devender, R W; Villa, R A; Hamilton, P; Hale, S F; Aguilar-Morales, C; Blanco-Gutiérrez, A; Wallace, E & Hedgcock, C; 2019. Herpetofauna of the Mesa Tres Ríos area in the Northern Sierra Madre Occidental of Sonora, Mexico. Herpetological Review 50 (2): 251-259 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Tanner, Vasco M. 1929. A distributional list of the amphibians and reptiles of Utah. Copeia 1929 (171): 46-52 - get paper here
  • Tanner, W W 1983. Lampropeltis pyromelana (Cope). Sonoran mountain kingsnake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 342: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Tanner, W.W. 1953. A study of the taxonomy and phylogeny of Lampropeltis pyromelana (Cope). Great Basin Naturalist. 13 (1-2): 47-66 - get paper here
  • Tanner, Wilmer W. 1985. Snakes of Western Chihuahua. Great Basin Naturalist 45 (4): 615-676 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1940. A new Lampropeltis from Western Mexico. Copeia 1940 (4): 253-255 - get paper here
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  • Trutnau, L. 1984. Die Arizona-Königsnatter Lampropeltis pyromelana (COPE) 1866 - ein Schlangenjuwel aus dem westlichen Nordamerika. Herpetofauna 6 (33): 12-19 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werning, Heiko 2012. Die Reptilien und Amphibien des Südwestens. Draco 13 (50): 18-60 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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