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Lampropeltis mexicana (GARMAN, 1884)

IUCN Red List - Lampropeltis mexicana - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Lampropeltini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesMexican Kingsnake 
SynonymOphibolus triangulus mexicanus GARMAN 1884: 28
Coronella mexicana GÜNTHER 1893: 110
Oreophis boulengeri DUGÈS 1897
Coronella mexicana — GÜNTHER 1900
Lampropeltis mexicana — BLANCHARD 1921
Lampropeltis mexicana mexicana — GEHLBACH & BAKER 1962: 298
Lampropeltis mexicana — LINER 1994
Lampropeltis mexicana — WALLACH et al. 2014: 358
Lampropeltis mexicana — JOHNSON et al. 2017
Lampropeltis mexicana — HANSEN & SALMON 2017: 732 
DistributionMexico (S Durango, San Luis Potosi, N Jalisco, Guanajuato, Zacatecas [HR 8: 85], San Luis Potosi, Aguascalientes [HR 32: 278], Tamaulipas, Hidalgo [HR 47: 262])

Type locality: near Ciudad San Luis Potosi, Mexico  
TypesSyntypes: MCZ 4652, 4653
Holotype: MDUG HE 103 [Oreophis boulengeri] 
CommentSubspecies: L. m. alterna and leonis have been elevated to full species status (L. alterna now includes L. m. blairi, and leonis includes thayeri).

Synonymy: partly after GEHLBACH 1967, HANSEN & SALMON 2017.

Distribution: see map in HANSEN & SALMON 2017: 722 (Fig. 17). 
  • Applegate, Robert 1991. Literature: Captive breeding of the Durango mountain king snake (Lampropeltis mexicana greeri) and the Arizona mountain king snake (Lampropeltis pyromelana). Litteratura Serpentium 11 (4): 93 - get paper here
  • Assetto Jr., R. 1978. REPRODUCTION OF THE GRAy-BANDED KINGSNAKE. LAMPROPELTIS MEXICANA ALTERNA. Herpetological Review 9 (2): 56-57 - get paper here
  • Blanchard, Frank N. 1920. A synopsis of the king snakes: Genus Lampropeltis Fitzinger. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (87): 1-7 - get paper here
  • Bryson Jr., Robert W.; Jennifer Pastorini, Frank T. Burbrink and Michael R.J. Forstner 2007. A phylogeny of the Lampropeltis mexicana complex (Serpentes: Colubridae) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences suggests evidence for species-level polyphyly within Lampropeltis. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43 (2): 674-684 - get paper here
  • Carbajal-Márquez, Rubén Alonso and Gustavo E. Quintero-Díaz. 2014. Lampropeltis mexicana (Mexican kingsnake) maximum elevation. Herpetological Review 45 (4): 711
  • Dugès, A. 1897. Description d’un ophidien nouveau du Mexique (Oreophis boulengeri, g. et sp. nn.). Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1897: 284-285 - get paper here
  • Dunn, E. R. 1922. Note on Lampropeltis mexicana (Garman). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 35:226. - get paper here
  • Eerden, Hans van der 1991. Lampropeltis mexicana mexicana in the terrarium. Litteratura Serpentium 11 (1): 15-20 - get paper here
  • Eerden, Hans van der 1992. Lampropeltis mexicana mexicana in the terrarium II. Litteratura Serpentium 12 (4): 89-92 - get paper here
  • FLORES-VILLELA, OSCAR; VICTOR HUGO REYNOSO & GLORIA MAGAÑA-COTA 2010. More notes on Alfredo Dugès’ names for Mexican reptilian taxa. [Chalinocnemis, Spasmocnemis, Sceloporus westphalii nomina nuda]. Zootaxa 2600: 66–68 - get paper here
  • Garcia-Vazquez, Uri O., Sánchez-Garcia, Juan Carlos, Gray, Levi N., White, Brittney A., Hansen, Robert W. and Pavón-Vázquez, Carlos J. 2017. Geographic Distribution: Lampropeltis mexicana (San Luis Potosi Kingsnake) Herpetological Review 48 (1): 128 - get paper here
  • Garman,Samuel 1884. The North American reptiles and batrachians. A list of the species occuring north of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, with references. Bull. Essex Inst. 16: 1-46 - get paper here
  • Garman,Samuel 1884. The reptiles and batrachians of North America. Mem. Mus. comp. Zool, Cambridge (Massachusetts), 8 (3): xxxiv + 185 pp. [1883] [CNAH reprint 10] - get paper here
  • Garstka,W.R. 1982. Systematics of the mexicana species group of the colubrid genus Lampropeltis, with an hypothesis [of] mimicry. Breviora (466): 1-35 - get paper here
  • Gehlbach, Frederick R. 1967. Lampropeltis mexicana. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (55): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Gehlbach,F.R. & Baker,,J. 1962. Kingsnakes allied with Lampropletis mexicana: taxonomy and natural history. Copeia 1962 (2): 291-300 - get paper here
  • Gehlbach,F.R. & McCoy,C. 1965. Additional observations on variation and distribution of the gray-banded kingsnake, L. mexicana (Garman). Herpetologica 21 (1): 35-38 - get paper here
  • GUO, PENG; FEI ZHU, QIN LIU, LIANG ZHANG, JIAN X. LI, YU Y. HUANG & R. ALEXANDER PYRON 2014. A taxonomic revision of the Asian keelback snakes, genus Amphiesma (Serpentes: Colubridae: Natricinae), with description of a new species. Zootaxa 3873 (4): 425–440 - get paper here
  • Hansen, R. W., and G. T. Salmon. 2017. Distribution analysis, taxonomic updates, and conservation status for the Lampropeltis mexicana group (Serpentes: Colubridae). Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(4): 700–758 - get paper here
  • Hansen, Robert W., Leo Fernàndez-Badillo, Aurelio Ramìrez-Bautista and Omar Avalos-Torales. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Lampropeltis mexicana (Mexican Kingsnake). Herpetological Review 47 (2): 262-263
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Hilken,G. & Schlepper,R. 1998. Der Lampropeltis mexicana-Komplex (Serpentes: Colubridae): Naturgeschichte und Terrarienhaltung. Salamandra 34 (2): 97-124 - get paper here
  • Johnson, J. D., L. D. Wilson, V. Mata-Silva, E. García-Padilla, and D. L. DeSantis. 2017. The endemic herpetofauna of Mexico: organisms of global significance in severe peril. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(3): 544–620
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Leyte-Manrique, Adrian; Christian Berriozabal-Islas, Vicente Mata-Silva, and Juan Pablo Morales-Castorena 2018. Herpetofaunal diversity in Área Natural Protegida Las Musas, Guanajuato, Mexico Mesoamerican Herpetology 5 (1): 122–136 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1924. A new snake of the genus Lampropeltis. Occ. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 5: 137-139 - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 1998. The Nuevo Leon kingsnake, Lampropeltis mexicana thayeri. Reptilia (GB) (2): 43-46 - get paper here
  • Nevárez-de los Reyes, Manuel, Javier Banda-Leal, David Lazcano, Robert W. Bryson, Jr. and Robert W. Hansen. 2016. Noteworthy records of snakes of the Lampropeltis mexicana complex from northeastern Mexico. Mexico, Coahuila, Nuevo León. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3(4): 1055–1058 - get paper here
  • Phillips, Richard S.; Andrew J. Jajack, and Jay A. Yoder 2014. A proposed mechanism for enhanced water-conservation in egg clutches of the Mexican Kingsnake, Lampropeltis mexicana (Serpentes: Colubridae). Phyllomedusa 13 (2): 111-117 - get paper here
  • Rausch, Benjamin A. and Richard S. Phillips. 2013. The effect of temperature on weight gain in hatchling Mexican kingsnakes, Lampropeltis mexicana. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 251-253
  • Schmidt, D. & Kunz, K. 2005. Ernährung von Schlangen. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 159 pp. - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A.; Elí García-Padilla, Francisco E. Leyto-Delgado, and Leccinum J. García- Morales 2015. New records and distributional range extensions for amphibians and reptiles from Tamaulipas, Mexico. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (2): 208-214 - get paper here
  • Thissen, R. & Hansen, H. 2001. Königsnattern - Lampropeltis. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 172 pp. - get paper here
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • Vázquez Díaz, Joel;Quintero Díaz, Gustavo E. 2005. Anfibios y Reptiles de Aguascalientes [2nd ed.]. CONABIO, CIEMA, 318 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Webb, R.G. 1984. Herpetogeography in the Mazatlán-Durango Region of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico. Vetrebrate Ecology and Systematics - A ribute to Henry S. Fitch; Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, pp. 217-241
  • Webb,R. 1961. A new kingsnake from Mexico, with remarks on the mexicana group of the genus Lampropeltis. Copeia 1961 (3): 326-333 - get paper here
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