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Lampropeltis nigra (YARROW, 1882)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Lampropeltini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBlack Kingsnake 
SynonymOphibolus getulus niger YARROW 1882: 438
Lampropeltis getulus nigra — BURT 1935
Lampropeltis getula nigra — CONANT 1938
Lampropeltis getulus niger — SEUFER & JAUCH 1980
Lampropeltis getula niger — CROTHER 2000: 64
Lampropeltis getula nigra — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 419
Lampropeltis nigra — PYRON & BURBRINK 2009
Lampropeltis nigra — WALLACH et al. 2014: 358 
DistributionUSA (S Ohio and adjacent West Virginia, south to C Alabama, Kentucky, Missouri, Illinois)

Type Locality: Wheatland, Knox Co. Indiana.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 12149, collected by Robert Ridgway. 
Comment 
EtymologySpecific epithet refers to the predominantly black dorsal coloration of many specimens. 
References
  • Burt, Charles E. 1935. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west. American Midland Naturalist 16 (3): 311-336 - get paper here
  • Conant, Roger 1938. The Reptiles of Ohio. American Midland Naturalist 20 (1): 1-200 - get paper here
  • Cromwell, Brittany and Nicole Foster. 2014. Geographic Distribution: Lampropeltis nigra (eastern black kingsnake). Herpetological Review 45 (3): 465-466
  • Crother, B. I. 2000. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding. Herpetological Circular 29: 1-82
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Daniel, Richard E. and Brian S. Edmond. 2014. Geographic Distribution: Lampropeltis nigra (eastern black kingsnake). Herpetological Review 45 (3): 465
  • EDMOND, B.S. AND R.E. DANIEL 2014. A NEW KINGSNAKE FOR MISSOURI AND SOME COMMENTS ON THE BIOGEOGRAPHY OF SOUTHEAST MISSOURI. Missouri Herpetological Association Newsletter (27): 18-21 - get paper here
  • Green, N.B., & Pauley, T.K. 1987. Amphibians and reptiles in West Virginia. Univ. of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, 241 pp.
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Newman, Donald J., III and James R. Lee. 2013. Lampropeltis nigra (black kingsnake) diet. Herpetological Review 44 (3): 523
  • Palis, J. G. 2016. Snakes of “Snake Road” Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 51: 1 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R. Alexander; Frank T. Burbrink 2009. Systematics of the Common Kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula; Serpentes: Colubridae) and the burden of heritage in taxonomy. Zootaxa 2241: 22-32 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R. Alexander; Frank T. Burbrink 2009. LINEAGE DIVERSIFICATION IN A WIDESPREAD SPECIES: ROLES FOR NICHE DIVERGENCE AND CONSERVATISM IN THE COMMON KINGSNAKE, LAMPROPELTIS GETULA. Molecular Ecology 18: 3443–3457
  • Seufer, H. & Jauch, H. 1980. Die Kettennatter Lampropeltis getulus Teil 2. Herpetofauna 2 (7): 31-32 - get paper here
  • Tennant, A. & Bartlett, R.D. 2000. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions. Gulf Publishing, Houston, TX, 588 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Yarrow,H.C. 1882. Description of new species of reptiles and amphibians in the US National Museum. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 5: 438-443 - get paper here
 
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