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Lampropholis coggeri INGRAM, 1991

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Rainforest Sunskink 
SynonymLampropholis coggeri INGRAM 1991: 448
Lampropholis coggeri — COGGER 2000: 757
Ndurascincus coggeri — WELLS 2002
Lampropholis coggeri — COUPER et al. 2006: 381
Lampropholis coggeri — SINGHAL et al. 2018 
DistributionAustralia (Queensland)

Type locality: Shiptons Flat, Cape York Peninsula, Old (15°48'S 145° 16' E).  
TypesHolotype: QM 127133; parapes: QM 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Lampropholis coggeri is a small, dark-sided rainforest skink with pentadactyl limbs (overlapping when adpressed) and a movable lower eyelid containing a transparent disc. It is reliably distinguished from its sibling species (L. similis sp. nov. and L. elliotensis sp. nov.) by 17 nucleotide differences in the mitochondrial gene NADH dehydrogenase 4 that result in 15 amino acid differences among these species (Table A1).

Measurements and scale counts of holotype QM J27133: SVL 36.5 mm; AG 19.1 mm; L1 9.07 mm; L2 10.3 mm; HL 6.9 mm; HW 5.1 mm; midbody scale rows 26; paravertebral scales 48; lamellae beneath fourth toe 22; supralabials 7; infralabials 6; supraciliaries 7.
Description: SVL 32–43.6 mm (n = 30, mean = 36.3); AG % SVL 45–60% SVL (n = 30, mean = 52%); L1 24–29% SVL (n = 10, mean = 25%); L2 28–40% SVL (n = 30, mean = 34%); HW 70– 83% HL (n = 31, mean = 77%). Body: Robust. Head and body continuous with almost no narrowing at neck. Snout rounded in profile. Limbs well-developed, pentadactyl, meeting or very narrowly separated when adpressed. Scalation: Dorsal scales smooth (or with three to four faint striations) with a broadly curved posterior edge; nasals widely spaced; rostral and frontonasal in broad contact; prefrontals moderately separated (narrow separation in QM J25271 and J27131); frontal contacting frontonasal, prefrontals, first two supraoculars and frontoparietal; supraoculars four, second largest; supraciliaries seven, first largest; lower eyelid movable with small palpebral disc about half the size of lower eyelid; ear opening round or vertically elliptic, subequal to or smaller than palpebral disc; frontoparietals fused, interparietal free; primary temporal single, secondary temporals two (upper largest and overlapping lower); loreals two, subequal or second largest; preoculars two, subequal or lower largest; presuboculars two, upper largest; supralabials seven, with fifth below eye and last overlapping lower secondary temporal and postsupralabials; postsupralabial divided; infralabials six, two in contact with postmental; midbody scale rows 25–30 (n = 31, mode = 26); paravertebral scales (to the level of the posterior margin of the hindlimbs) 47–54 (n = 31, mode = 50); fourth toe longest, subdigital lamellae 20–24 (n = 30, mode = 22) with a single row of scales on the dorsal surface; outer preanal scales overlap inner preanals; three pairs of enlarged chin shields, first pair in contact, second pair separated by a single scale row, third pair separated by three scale rows.

Comparison with similar species: For separating this species from other members of the ‘L. coggeri’ group (L. similis sp. nov. and L. elliotensis sp. nov.), see species account for L. similis sp. nov. 
CommentSimilar species: Lampropholis delicata

Habitat and habits: Occurs in rainforest and associated moist habitats, including wet sclerophyll forests; from sea level to the uplands but is absent from the peaks where L. robertsi occurs (>1100 m) (Williams et al. 2010). 
EtymologyNamed after Harold Cogger, herpetologist at the Australian Museum. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bodensteiner, B. L., Agudelo‐Cantero, G. A., Arietta, A. A., Gunderson, A. R., Muñoz, M. M., Refsnider, J. M., & Gangloff, E. J. 2020. Thermal adaptation revisited: How conserved are thermal traits of reptiles and amphibians? Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological and Integrative Physiology - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Ingram G J 1991. Five new skinks from Queensland rainforests. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 30 (3): 443-453 - get paper here
  • Muñoz, M. M., Langham, G. M., Brandley, M. C., Rosauer, D. F., Williams, S. E. and Moritz, C. 2016. Basking behavior predicts the evolution of heat tolerance in Australian rainforest lizards. Evolution, 70: 2537–2549.doi:10.1111/evo.13064 - get paper here
  • Singhal, Sonal; Conrad J Hoskin, Patrick Couper, Sally Potter, Craig Moritz 2018. A framework for resolving cryptic species: a case study from the lizards of the Australian Wet Tropics. Systematic Biology, syy026 - get paper here
  • Wells, R.W. 2002. Some taxonomic changes to the genus Lampropholis (Reptilia: Scincidae) from Australia. Australian Biodiversity Record (8): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Williams, S., VanDerWal, J., Isaac, J., Shoo, L.P., Storlie, C., Fox, S., Bolitho, E.E., Moritz, C., Hoskin, C.J. and Williams, Y.M., 2010. Distributions, life history specialisation, and phylogeny of the rainforest vertebrates in the Australian Wet Tropics. Ecology (91): 2493 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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