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Larutia penangensis GRISMER, HUAT, SILER, CHAN, WOOD, GRISMER, SAH & AHMAD, 2011

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Penang Island Larut Skink 
SynonymLarutia penangensis GRISMER, HUAT, SILER, CHAN, WOOD, GRISMER, SAH & AHMAD 2011
Larutia penangensis — GRISMER & QUAH 2019 
DistributionPeninsular Malaysia (Pulau Pinang)

Type locality: Penang Hill, Pulau Pinang, Penang (05.43825° N, 100.28200°; 308m elevation), Peninsular Malaysia.  
TypesHolotype: ZRC 2.6918, Juvenile of unknown sex, collected by Evan Quah, on 13 June 2010. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Body elongate, snake-like; dorsal scales smooth; limbs absent; lower eyelid bearing large, transparent scales, central scale largest; four supraoculars; nasals separated; frontoparietals paired; prefrontals small, widely separated; supranasals absent; postnasal scale absent; last supralabial horizontally divided (or two post supralabials); large, posterior chinshields not separated from the infralabials by smaller scales; 120 paravertebral scale rows; 132 ventral scale rows; 18 longitudinal scale rows around midbody; caudal and body scales undifferentiated; body unicolor dark brown; no yellow nuchal bands or pale, yellow spot on frontoparietals, supraoculars, or rostrum. These characters are summarized across all species in Table 4 in GRISMER et al. 2011. 
CommentAbundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet penangensis is in reference to the type locality, Penang Island. The suffix ensis is a derivation meaning “from” or “inhabiting.” It renders the specific epithet an adjective that must be in grammatical accord with the gender of Larutia. 
  • FUKUYAMA, IBUKI; TSUTOMU HIKIDA, MOHAMAD YAZID HOSSMAN, KANTO NISHIKAWA 2019. A new species of the genus Larutia (Squamata: Scincidae) from Gunung Penrissen, Sarawak, Borneo. Zootaxa 4661 (3): 522–532 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; & EVAN S. H. QUAH 2019. An updated and annotated checklist of the lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and their adjacent archipelagos. Zootaxa 4545 (2): 230–248 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; EVAN QUAH SENG HUAT, CAMERON D. SILER, CHAN, K. O., PERRY L. WOOD, JR., JESSE L. GRISMER, SHAHRUL ANUAR MOHD SAH & NORHAYATI AHMAD 2011. Peninsular Malaysia’s first limbless lizard: a new species of skink of the genus Larutia (Böhme) from Pulau Pinang with a phylogeny of the genus. Zootaxa 2799: 29–40 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and their adjacent archipelagos. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 728 pp. [review in Herp. Rev. 43: 155] - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
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