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Laticauda frontalis (DE VIS, 1905)

IUCN Red List - Laticauda frontalis - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Laticaudinae), Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymPlaturus frontalis DE VIS 1905: 48
Laticauda frontalis — COGGER & HEATWOLE 2006
Laticauda frontalis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 364 
DistributionIndian Ocean, restricted to Vanuatu and the Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia

Type locality: New Guinea  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: QM (Queensland Museum) J202 
CommentSympatry: Laticauda frontalis (de Vis, 1905) is a dwarf species found in sympatry and syntopy with Laticauda colubrina in Vanuatu and the Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia. SHINE et al. (2002) show that L. colubrina and L. frontalis are sibling species that are reproductively isolated.

Habitat: marine.

Venomous!

Distribution: See map in Gherghel et al. 2016. 
References
  • Cogger, Harold G. & Heatwole, Harold F. 2006. Laticauda frontalis (de Vis, 1905) and Laticauda saintgironsi n. sp. from Vanuatu and New Caledonia (Serpentes: Elapidae: Laticaudinae) - a new lineage of sea kraits? Rec. Austral. Mus. 58 (2): 245-256 - get paper here
  • de Vis, Charles Walter de 1905. A new genus of lizard. On Typhlops torresianus. Ann. Queensland Museum (Brisbane) 6: 48 - get paper here
  • Gherghel I, Papeş M, Brischoux F, Sahlean T, Strugariu A 2016. A revision of the distribution of sea kraits (Reptilia, Laticauda) with an updated occurrence dataset for ecological and conservation research. ZooKeys 569: 135-148, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.569.6975 - get paper here
  • Ineich, I. 2011. Amphibians and reptiles. In: Bouchet P., Le Guyader H. & PascaL O. (eds), The Natural History of Santo. pp. 187-236. MNhN, Paris; Ird, Marseille; PNI, Paris. 572 pp. (Patrimoines naturels; 70).
  • Kharin, Vladimir E.; Jakob Hallermann 2009. Annotated catalogue of sea kraits (Laticaudidae) and sea snakes (Hydrophiidae) of the herpetological collection of the Zoological Museum, University of Hamburg. Mitt. hamb. zool. Mus. Inst. 106: 51-67
  • Kharin, Vladimir E.; Mark-Oliver Rödel, and Jakob Hallermann 2010. New Records and Distribution of a Little-Known Sea Krait Laticauda frontalis (Devis, 1905) (Serpentes, Laticaudidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (4): 285-289 - get paper here
  • Lane, Amanda; Richard Shine 2011. Phylogenetic relationships within laticaudine sea snakes (Elapidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59 (3): 567-577 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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