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Laticauda laticaudata (LINNAEUS, 1758)

IUCN Red List - Laticauda laticaudata - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Laticaudinae), Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesLaticauda laticaudata affinis (ANDERSON 1871)
Laticauda laticaudata laticaudata (LINNAEUS 1758) 
Common NamesCommon or blue-lipped sea krait 
SynonymColuber laticaudatus LINNAEUS 1758: 222 (part.)
Laticauda scutata LAURENTI 1768: 109
Platurus laurenti RAFINESQUE 1817: 432 (non Platurus laurenti DAUDIN 1803)
Platurus laticaudatus — GIRARD 1858: 180
Platurus fischeri JAN 1859: 149
Platurus fischeri — ANDERSON 1871: 189
Platurus muelleri BOULENGER 1896: 309
Platurus laticaudatus — WALL 1906: 57
Laticauda laticaudata — STEJNEGER 1907: 402
Laticauda laticaudata — COGGER 1983: 258
Laticauda laticaudata — WELCH 1994: 71
Laticauda laticaudata — COGGER 2000: 724
Laticauda laticaudata — RASMUSSEN et al. 2011

Laticauda laticaudata affinis (ANDERSON 1871)
Platurus affinis ANDERSON 1871: 190

Laticauda laticaudata laticaudata (LINNAEUS 1758)
Coluber laticaudatus LINNAEUS 1758
Platurus laticaudatus — BOULENGER 1896 
DistributionIndian Ocean (E India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar (= Burma), Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines)
coasts of Fujian and Taiwan (China), Andaman Islands,
Bay of Bengal
coasts of Malaysian Peninsula and Indoaustralian Archiipelago to New Guinea
Japan, Pacific Ocean, Polynesia, Melanesia, Solomon Islands [McCoy 2000], New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji
Australia (Queensland)

Type locality: “Indiis” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntype: NRM (NHRM), from "Indiis", fide Andersson (1899); ZSI 8289.
Syntypes: MSNM (not found), MNHP (not found), from Indian Ocean [Platurus fischeri].
Holotype: IM 8289, from Tolly's Nullah (as Fallah's Nullah), a tidal stream, Calcutta, India, see Smith (1926) [Platurus affinis].
Holotype: unknown; from South Pacific [Platurus muelleri]. 
CommentVenomous!

Synonymy mostly after COGGER 1983. Laticauda laticaudata wolffi (VOLSØE 1956) is now considered as a synonym of L. crockeri. Smith (1926) regards P. laurenti as a substitute name, but there is no indication of this in the original description, nor does Smith indicate the name being substituted (fide COGGER 1983).

Type species: Coluber laticaudatus LINNAEUS 1758 or Laticauda scutata LAURENTI 1768 is the type species of the genus Laticauda LAURENTI 1768.

DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS (DIAGNOSIS).— Ventrals large, one-third to more than one half the width of the body; nostrils lateral; nasals separated by internasals; 19 longitudinal rows of imbricate scales at midbody; no azygous prefrontal shield; rostral undivided; ventrals 225–243; subcaudals: males 38–47, females 30–35 (ventral and subcaudal counts after Smith 1943:443). Upper lip dark brown. Total length: males 910 mm, females 1070 mm; tail length: males 110 mm, females 110 mm. [after LEVITON 2003]

Habitat: marine.

Reproduction: oviparous 
References
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