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Laticauda laticaudata (LINNAEUS, 1758)

IUCN Red List - Laticauda laticaudata - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Laticaudinae), Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesLaticauda laticaudata affinis (ANDERSON 1871)
Laticauda laticaudata laticaudata (LINNAEUS 1758) 
Common NamesCommon or blue-lipped sea krait 
SynonymColuber laticaudatus LINNAEUS 1758: 222 (part.)
Laticauda scutata LAURENTI 1768: 109
Platurus laurenti RAFINESQUE 1817: 432 (non Platurus laurenti DAUDIN 1803)
Platurus laticaudatus — GIRARD 1858: 180
Platurus fischeri JAN 1859: 149
Platurus muelleri BOULENGER 1896: 309
Platurus laticaudatus — WALL 1906: 57
Laticauda laticaudata — STEJNEGER 1907: 402
Laticauda laticaudata — COGGER 1983: 258
Laticauda laticaudata — WELCH 1994: 71
Laticauda laticaudata — COGGER 2000: 724
Laticauda laticaudata — RASMUSSEN et al. 2011

Laticauda laticaudata affinis (ANDERSON 1871)
Platurus affinis ANDERSON 1871: 190

Laticauda laticaudata laticaudata (LINNAEUS 1758)
Coluber laticaudatus LINNAEUS 1758
Platurus laticaudatus — BOULENGER 1896 
DistributionIndian Ocean (E India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar (= Burma), Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines)
coasts of Fujian and Taiwan (China), Andaman Islands,
Bay of Bengal
coasts of Malaysian Peninsula and Indoaustralian Archiipelago to New Guinea
Japan, Pacific Ocean, Polynesia, Melanesia, Solomon Islands [McCoy 2000], New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji
Australia (Queensland)

Type locality: “Indiis” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntype: NRM (NHRM), from "Indiis", fide Andersson (1899); ZSI 8289.
Syntypes: MSNM (not found), MNHP (not found), from Indian Ocean [Platurus fischeri].
Holotype: IM 8289, from Tolly's Nullah (as Fallah's Nullah), a tidal stream, Calcutta, India, see Smith (1926) [Platurus affinis].
Holotype: unknown; from South Pacific [Platurus muelleri]. 
CommentVenomous! Smith (1926) regards P. laurenti as a substitute name, but there is no indication of this in the original description, nor does Smith indicate the name being substituted (fide COGGER 1983).

Synonymy mostly after COGGER 1983. Laticauda laticaudata wolffi (VOLSØE 1956) is now considered as a synonym of L. crockeri.

Type species: Laticauda scutata LAURENTI 1768 is the type species of the genus Laticauda LAURENTI 1768.

DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS (DIAGNOSIS).— Ventrals large, one-third to more than one half the width of the body; nostrils lateral; nasals separated by internasals; 19 longitudinal rows of imbricate scales at midbody; no azygous prefrontal shield; rostral undivided; ventrals 225–243; subcaudals: males 38–47, females 30–35 (ventral and subcaudal counts after Smith 1943:443). Upper lip dark brown. Total length: males 910 mm, females 1070 mm; tail length: males 110 mm, females 110 mm. [after LEVITON 2003]

Habitat: marine.

Reproduction: oviparous 
References
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